Browsing by Subject "longitudinal research"

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  • Harju, Vilhelmiina; Koskinen, Antti; Pehkonen, Leila (2019)
    Background: The importance of digital technologies for enhancing learning in formal education settings has been widely acknowledged. In the light of this expectation, it is important to investigate the effects of these technologies on students' learning and development. Purpose: This study explores longitudinal empirical research on digital learning in the context of primary and secondary education. By focusing on a small selection of the peer-reviewed literature, the aim is to examine the kinds of longitudinal study published on this topic during the period 2012-2017 and, thorough categorisation, to bring together insights about the reported influences of digital technology use on students' learning. Design and methods: The databases searched for the purposes of this review were Scopus and Web of Science. Of 1,989 articles, 13 were finally included in the review. Using qualitative content analysis, these were analysed, coded and categorised. Results: The reviewed studies were found to have approached digital learning in different ways: they varied, for example, in terms of research methods and design and the digital technologies used. The studies addressed different aspects of learning, which we assigned to six categories: affection, attitude, and motivation; subject-specific knowledge and skills; transversal skills; learning experience; elements of the learning environment; and identity. We identified both positive and negative influences of technology on learning. Conclusions: This review offers a snapshot of the variety of research in this fast-moving area. The studies we explored were found to approach digital learning from several different perspectives, and no straightforward conclusions can be drawn about the influences of digital technology use on students' learning. We conclude that further longitudinal studies of digital learning are needed, and this study assists by highlighting gaps in the existing literature.
  • Haapola, Ilkka (2004)
    The main purpose of this panel study was to investigate the benefit careers and life courses of the new recipients of social assistance from the first claim until 1998. In addition, the period prevalence of receiving social assistance over the years 1991-1996 and the role of social assistance in the social security system were studied. Analysis was based on two random samples: a sample of new recipients of social assistance (10 088 persons) from the years 1990-1992, and a representative population sample (30 184 persons, over the age of 14) from the same period. Data was assembled from register files by Statistics Finland, and it contains information on e.g. work history, family situation, and incomes over the years 1987-1998. The study shows that dynamic longitudinal approach disproves the popular stereotypes of social assistance. Period prevalence of receiving the benefit was higher than previously expected. Every fifth adult received social assistance at least once over the six-year period 1991-1996. In the youngest group, who was 21-24 years old at the end of the period, the prevalence was over fifty percent. Long-term and continuous dependence on social assistance was more unusual than expected as well. As regards the cumulative number of months (net duration) recipients claimed the benefit, median value was only seven months during a seven-year period. However, the average time between the first and last claim (gross duration) was four years. By means of these indicators it was possible to classify four types of recipients: one-time visitors (15 %), other short-term (20 %), recurrent (50 %), and permanent long-term recipients (15 %). A significant proportion of the recipients suffered many years from low incomes. Only some of them gained from the recovery in employment. At the end of follow-up period 15 percent of recipients suffered still from the accumulative social disadvantage of labour market exclusion, weak social integration and poverty. Divergent life-courses were closely linked to the age, education and area of residence of the recipients.
  • Hakanen, Jari (2005)
    This thesis investigated work-related well-being from seven rarely studied angles, e.g., the role of negative life events and pre-employment resource losses, and work engagement were explored. The data sets were a three-wave 35-year follow-up questionnaire data (N = 532), a questionnaire data based on the staff of a large educational organization (N = 3365), and qualitative interviews of the 22 most burned out participants in the 35-year prospective study. The main results of the study were: 1) Adverse socio-economic and individual conditions in childhood were negatively associated with educational achievements, which in turn exposed to jobs with less resources, and hence, led to burnout symptoms and furthermore to poor health and increased intentions of early retirement. 2) The instability of the work career during 13 years of follow-up was positively associated with burnout and negatively with life satisfaction. 3) The role of negative life events, family-to-work conflict and personality factors (strong sense of responsibility and sense of coherence) in the burnout process was small compared with the role of working conditions and work-to-family conflict. 4) however, work and non-work stressors, as well as work and personality factors had some joint effects on burnout and life satisfaction. 5) Burnout could be interpreted in accordance with Hobfoll's conservation of resources (COR) theory as a loss spiral of resources, while at the same time the qualitative data analysis made it possible to refine some of the general assumptions of the COR theory. Strong initial motivation or enthusiasm seemed to be a prerequisite for burnout only in the case of some of the interviewed employees. 6) CFA confirmed the factorial validity of the Finnish version of the UWES. Work engagement was positively related to health, work ability, and job satisfaction, and negatively to intentions of quitting one's job and early retirement. Women, those with fixed-term work contracts, those with less than 5 years or more than 30 years' tenure in the present job, as well as those with long working hours, were more engaged than their counterparts. 7) the hypothesized Job Demands - Resources model was partly supported.