Browsing by Subject "love"

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  • Alafuzoff, Anna (Helsingin yliopisto, 2018)
    Tutkielma käsittelee kuubalaisen runoilijan Carilda Oliver Labran valikoiduissa runoissa esiintyvää seksuaalisuutta, erotiikkaa sekä intohimon ja rakkauden diskurssia kuubalaisen kulttuurin näkökulmasta. Carilda Oliver Labra on 1920-luvulla Kuubassa syntynyt naisrunoilija, joka on tullut tunnetuksi ennen kaikkea eroottisista runoistaan. Ensimmäiset runonsa hän julkaisi 1940-luvulla, jolloin ne aiheuttivat paheksuntaa. Tutkielman tavoitteena on luoda yleiskäsitys kuubalaisesta rakkauden kokemuksesta sekä naisen seksuaalisesta heräämisestä 1940-luvun Kuubassa aina 1980-luvulle asti. Tutkimukseen on valittu seitsemän runoa 1940-luvulta aina 1980-luvun alkuun asti. Runot edustavat Labran eroottista tuotantoa ja luovat yleiskatsauksen hänen tyyliinsä kirjoittaa eroottista runoutta. Runot myös kertovat Labran omaa elämäntarinaa, sijoittuen mm. hänen avioliittojensa ajalle, sekä toisen avioimiehen menetykseen, joka vaikutti tuntuvasti Labran tekemiin runoihin. Teoriataustana tutkimuksessa käytetään Luce Irigarayn sekä Hélène Cixousn ajatuksia rakkaudesta, parisuhteista sekä naisten kirjoittamisesta. Teorioiden tukena toimii ymmärrys naiseuden ja rakkauden käsityksestä yleisellä tasolla sekä Kuuban sisäisesti. Tämän lisäksi tulkinta sijoitetaan Kuuban historiaan. Tutkimusmenetelmänä toimii runoanalyysi sekä diskurssianalyysi. Carilda Oliver Labran runous heijastelee kuubalaista käsitystä rakkaudesta, mutta myös osoittaa uuden tavan luoda naisen seksuaalisuutta ja kirjoittaa erotiikkaa naisen näkökulmasta Kuubassa 1940-luvulta aina 1980-luvulle. Carilda toimi vastoin yleisiä odotuksia ja stereotypioita ja osoitti, että myös naisella on oikeus eroottisiin ajatuksiin ja seksuaalisuutensa ilmaisuun.
  • HaavioMannila, E; Kontula, O (1997)
  • Rinne, Pärttyli (De Gruyter, 2018)
    What did Immanuel Kant really think about love? In Kant on Love, Pärttyli Rinne provides the first systematic study of ‘love’ in the philosophy of Kant. Rinne argues that love is much more important to Kant than previously realised, and that understanding love is actually essential for Kantian ethical life.The study involves two interpretative main propositions. First, that love in Kant includes an underlying general division of love into love of benevolence and love of delight. Further, the study divides Kant’s concept of love into several aspects of love, such as self-love, sexual love (and love of beauty), love of God, love of neighbor and love in friendship. A chapter of the book is devoted to each of these aspects, beginning with the lowest forms of self-love as crude animality, and moving gradually upwards towards idealised ethical notions of love. One way or another, the major aspects relate to the general division of love.This analytical trajectory yields the second main proposition of the study: Together, the aspects of love reveal an ascent of love in Kant’s thought. Perhaps surprisingly, for Kant, love permeates human existence from the strongest impulses of nature to the highest ideals of morally deserved happiness.
  • Roinila, Markku (2013)
    The topic of disinterested love became fashionable in 1697 due to the famous amour pur dispute between Fénelon (1651-1715) and Bossuet (1627-1704). It soon attracted the attention of Electress Sophie of Hanover (1630-1714) and she asked for an opinion about the dispute from her trusted friend and correspondent, the Hanoverian councilor Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716). This gave Leibniz an opportunity to present his views on the matter, which he had developed earlier in his career (for example, in Elementa juris naturalis of 1671 and Codex iuris gentium of 1693). In his 1697 letter to Sophie he did not explicitly take sides in the dispute, but formulated his own views on the topic in a theological manner, aiming to provide an account of disinterested love which would surpass the doctrines of both French theologians. In addition to presenting Leibniz’ early views on disinterested love and examining this alternative formulation of Leibniz’s his views on love, I will show that after the letter Leibniz gave this alternative perspective up and returned to refer to his earlier, more philosophical views on the topic, which suggests that he regarded them to be superior to the theological version, where the virtue of charity was related to the virtue of hope.
  • Härkönen, Heidi (2013)
    The efforts of the Cuban socialist state to create a ‘New Man’ shared basic characteristics with endeavours in Eastern European and Soviet state socialisms, including the promotion of gender equality and stable marital relationships. In Cuba, this also included the goal of creating greater stability in the largely matrifocal family relationships. Ethnographic evidence from contemporary Havana suggests that Cubans have widely embraced some aspects of the state’s notions of socialist marital relationships, but insecurities still play a significant role in love relationships. Infidelity, ‘plotting’ and shaky trust in their romantic partner are of constant concern for Cubans. Exploring how Cubans negotiate doubts and trust in love relationships, this paper relates jealousy to uncertainties endemic in the transformations of contemporary Cuban socialism. The material deficiencies and dissatisfactions of post-Soviet Cuba, indissociable from a major increase in international tourism, intertwine with local notions of masculinity and femininity and fuel insecurities in relationships. While Caribbean family relationships have for long been described as fragile and unstable, this paper examines new insecurities that have emerged in post-Soviet Havana as part of important changes in contemporary Cuban socialism rather than of longue-durée.
  • Harkonen, Heidi (2019)
    Among low-income Havana residents, men frequently give money and other forms of material support to women in whom they have a romantic interest. For women, men's material contributions are expressions of responsibility and care. While men share this view to a degree, they sometimes have more ambiguous emotions regarding such practices. These tensions in different views of gendered reciprocity are influenced by large-scale changes that have taken place in Cuban society since the 1990s. Although, traditionally, state socialism has embraced ideas of gender egalitarianism and women's independent income, the post-Soviet period has seen the emergence of new inequalities, dependencies, and marginalizations that threaten earlier, socialist understandings of intimacy. The importance that women currently place on material wealth in terms of their views of a desirable partner highlights the gendered consequences of Cuba's contemporary economic transformations and their complex interplay with individuals' aspirations for love.
  • Airaksinen, Timo (Brill, 2019)
    Value Inquiry Book Series
    Names: Airaksinen, Timo, 1947- author. Title: Vagaries of desire : a collection of philosophical essays / Timo Airaksinen. Description: Leiden ; Boston : Brill-Rodopi, 2019. | Series: Value inquiry book series, 0929-8436 ; volume 340. Philosophy, literature, and politics | Includes index. | Summary: “Vagaries of Desire is a major collection of new essays by Timo Airaksinen on the philosophy of desire. The first part develops a novel account of the philosophical theory of desire, including Girard. The second part discusses Kafka’s main works, namely The Castle, The Trial, and Amerika, and Thomas Hobbes and the problems of intentionality. The text develops such linguistic tropes as metaphor and metonymy in connection with topics like death and then applies them to Kafka’s texts. The third part makes an effort to understand the mysteries of sadism and masochism in philosophical and rhetorical terms. The last article criticizes Thomas Nagel’s influential account of sexual perversion and develops a viable alternative”--