Browsing by Subject "matrix metalloproteinase-8"

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  • Gursoy, Ulvi Kahraman; Pussinen, Pirkko J.; Salomaa, Veikko; Syrjalainen, Sanna; Kononen, Eija (2018)
    Objective: Aim was to analyze the diagnostic ability of cumulative risk score (CRS), which uses salivary levels of Porphyromonas gingivalis, interleukin (IL)-1 beta, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8 in an adaptive design, compared to previously reported thresholds of each marker alone. Materials and Methods: Oral and general health information of 463 participants were included in the analysis. Having the percentage of bleeding on probing (BOP) > 25%, having at least two sites with probing pocket depth (PPD) of 4-5 mm or having at least one tooth with alveolar bone loss (ABL) of at least 1/3 of the root length were accepted as outcome variables. Being above the salivary threshold concentrations of P. gingivalis, IL-1 beta, and MMP-8 and CRS values were used as explanatory variables. Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) producing an area under the curve (AUC) and multinomial regression analysis were used in statistical analysis. Results: CRS provided AUCs larger than any other tested biomarker threshold. Sensitivity and specificity of CRS for detecting clinical markers of periodontitis were acceptable, and a strong association was observed between the highest CRS score and having at least two sites with PPD of 4-5 mm. Conclusion: CRS brings additional power over fixed thresholds of single biomarkers in detecting periodontitis.
  • Hernandez, Marcela; Baeza, Mauricio; Contreras, Johanna; Sorsa, Timo; Tervahartiala, Taina; Valdes, Macarena; Chaparro, Alejandra; Hernandez-Rios, Patricia (2020)
    Biomarkers represent promising aids in periodontitis, host-mediate diseases of the tooth-supporting tissues. We assessed the diagnostic potential of matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8), tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-5 (TRAP-5), and osteoprotegerin (OPG) to discriminate between healthy patients', mild and severe periodontitis sites. Thirty-one otherwise healthy volunteers with and without periodontal disease were enrolled at the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Chile. Periodontal parameters were examined and gingival crevicular fluid was sampled from mild periodontitis sites (M; n = 42), severe periodontitis sites (S; n = 59), and healthy volunteer sites (H; n = 30). TRAP-5 and OPG were determined by commercial multiplex assay and MMP-8 by the immunofluorometric (IFMA) method. STATA software was used. All biomarkers showed a good discrimination performance. MMP-8 had the overall best performance in regression models and Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves, with high discrimination of healthy from periodontitis sites (area under the curve (AUC) = 0.901). OPG showed a very high diagnostic precision (AUC >= 0.95) to identify severe periodontitis sites (S versus H + M), while TRAP-5 identified both healthy and severe sites. As conclusions, MMP-8, TRAP-5, and OPG present a high precision potential in the identification of periodontal disease destruction, with MMP-8 as the most accurate diagnostic biomarker.
  • Astrom, Pirjo; Juurikka, Krista; Hadler-Olsen, Elin S.; Svineng, Gunbjorg; Cervigne, Nilva K.; Coletta, Ricardo D.; Risteli, Juha; Kauppila, Joonas H.; Skarp, Sini; Kuttner, Samuel; Oteiza, Ana; Sutinen, Meeri; Salo, Tuula (2017)
    Background: Matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) has oncosuppressive properties in various cancers. We attempted to assess MMP-8 function in oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC). Methods: MMP-8 overexpressing OTSCC cells were used to study the effect of MMP-8 on proliferation, apoptosis, migration, invasion and gene and protein expression. Moreover, MMP-8 functions were assessed in the orthotopic mouse tongue cancer model and by immunohistochemistry in patient samples. Results: MMP-8 reduced the invasion and migration of OTSCC cells and decreased the expression of MMP-1, cathepsin-K and vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C). VEGF-C was induced by transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) in control cells, but not in MMP-8 overexpressing cells. In human OTSCC samples, low MMP-8 in combination with high VEGF-C was an independent predictor of poor cancer-specific survival. TGF-beta 1 treatment also restored the migration of MMP-8 overexpressing cells to the level of control cells. In mouse tongue cancer, MMP-8 did not inhibit metastasis, possibly because it was eliminated in the peripheral carcinoma cells. Conclusions: The suppressive effects of MMP-8 in OTSCC may be mediated through interference of TGF-beta 1 and VEGF-C function and altered proteinase expression. Together, low MMP-8 and high VEGF-C expression have strong independent prognostic value in OTSCC.