Browsing by Subject "narrative analysis"

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  • Mikkola, Reija (Helsingfors universitet, 2012)
    Carbon capture and storage may become an inevitable means in mitigating climate change. However, it is a new technology involving a great deal of uncertainties. It is of utmost importance to understand on one hand, the risks caused by the technology and on the other, what is holding it back. This way unforeseen setbacks and environmental or other damage could be avoided. This thesis is a part of a wider research project on the risk governance of carbon dioxide capture and storage (RICCS). The present study gives additional insights to CCS risk analysis by diving into the stories that the media tells about the risks. I analyze the media coverage on the risks of CCS in the most wide spread newspapers of Norway and Finland with the aim of identifying what kind of risk framings are portrayed by the media; how strong is the presence of uncertainties and what kind of uncertainties are brought up. The media is seen as a mirror of public perception, but also one of the players influencing it. The possible effects that the analyzed articles could have on public perception of risks are discussed. The theoretical framework consists of theories of systemic risks, narrative policy analysis and framing of environmental risks in the media. I describe the nature of systemic risks. Then I move on to framing, more specifically how environmental risks are framed in the media and how it can effect public perception. After this I explain how narrative analysis can be used as a tool for identifying framings. Then I describe Klinke and Renn's Prometheus theory that I will use for analyzing the level of uncertainty in the framing of the articles and for discussing the implications of my findings. The results show that the risks caused by CCS are mainly the lock-in in fossil fuels, it's possible negative effect on developing renewable energy and environmental and health risks in general. The risks towards successful CCS seem to be mainly connected to funding, which connects to emissions' prices, the climate agreement and viability of investments. The differences between the two countries are quite related to the situation in which each country is in terms of CCS development. Norway is very active and pushing CCS forward. Consequently, the Norwegian articles are generally not very critical of the technology itself, but discuss what is holding it back. Generally, the Finnish articles bring out more aspects on the issue, both positive and negative, leaving quite an ambiguous image to the reader. The implications of my findings for future policy practices are quite extensive and therefore not very useful, since most policy recommendations seem more or less relevant. What is interesting though, is that based on my findings I could identify the turning points in which public perception is most relevant. These are: What kind of energy production is supported? Is CCS an acceptable mitigation means? Is the risk of leakage taken as severe? These issues represent turning points for the future of CCS technology and deliberative processes can be crucial when discussing them.
  • Kitaba, Yuri (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    Female migration has been widely studied in Europe. Previous studies had found that migration is gendered, thus, the experience of migrants differs depending on issues such as gender, class and ethnicity along with career and familial relations. The position of the migrants in the post-migration time period is influenced by the recognition of their skills and the assessment of human capital they possess in the host society, which has a considerable effect on the position of immigrant women. Thus, I employ a feminist extension of Bourdieu’s forms of capital in migration studies as a theoretical framework to examine the position of immigrant women and to better understand their experience in a host society. In addition, I utilize the ideas of emotional capital to discuss the importance of studying caring practice, including everyday activities and the caring work done for other family members, and its interactions with the outside of the household, the local community and, possibly, with integration. My focus is on the position of immigrant woman in Finland, a country where the Nordic welfare regime, which is built on egalitarian practices, creates a paradox for immigrant integration, as national belonging is built on labour market participation and the idea of gender equality. I pay specific attention to the Cash for Care scheme in relation to high female labour participation and the choices of childcare provision. Thus, my intention is to explore immigrant women’s decision making on childcare, what kind of activities the women engage in while taking care of their child, and their progress in integration. My research questions are: 1) do immigrant women utilize caring practice in capital accumulation; and if so, how? and 2) how do they generate various forms of capital and transform them into other types of capital and, ultimately, into economic capital? The sub-questions include: how does the notion of national belonging related to labour market participation and gender equality in Finnish society intertwine with individuals’ decision making with regards to the process of capital accumulation and transformation? I employed a feminist standpoint to conduct 6 in-depth interviews using a narrative approach. The interviewees are all from outside of the European Union, are highly skilled, have at least one child whose age is under three years old, have experienced staying at home with a child and currently live in the Helsinki metropolitan area. I utilized thematic analysis to explore the experiences of the immigrant women. The results show the potential for immigrant women to be subjects of capital accumulation, as well as objects where their capital is utilized in supporting and enhancing the lives of other family members. First, the results establish the importance of a local and neighbouring context in capital accumulation in relation to how caring for a child goes beyond the household, and is linked to the generation of social and cultural capital. The choice on the length of stay with one’s child at home intertwines with the social and economic statuses of the interviewees, but remains primarily a matter of individual preference. Second, two of the cases demonstrate the transformation of accumulated capital into economic capital through caring for other members of the family, which works as a resource of emotional capital. At the same time, the position of these women is constrained by social and cultural barriers, as they lack appreciated capital, the most important of them being a sufficient knowledge of Finnish language and culture along with relevant social networks. The position of immigrant mothers can also be observed from an objective viewpoint: there are limitations on the women’s ability to accumulate capital for themselves due to them taking care of the child. However, at the same time, the women can engage in transmission of capital and enhancing their children’s capital development. This thesis shows that the caring work of mothers goes beyond the household, contributing to the generation of capital in their integration process as well as for their children. Caring practice in research demands further investigation to better understand the paths of immigrant women and, possibly, the involvement of their spouses in this practice, in order to improve the women’s social and economic positioning in Finnish society.
  • Lulle, Aija; Bankovska, Agnese (2019)
    In this article we investigate what happens to the children who are brought to a new country along with their parents, and how they, now young adults, narrate the 'self' as a migrant child and adolescent in different temporal and spatial contexts. We draw on five long narrative interviews with young women who were born in Latvia and came to Finland during their childhood. For our analysis of these narratives, we coin a notion of 'fateful well-being'. The research participants' challenges as child migrants, where geographical displacement was compounded by language changes and discontinuities in schooling, as well as ruptures with family members and friends, are revalued and appropriated through the self-development skills of reflexive narration. Within the concept of fateful well-being, youth transitions involve both constrained agency and choices towards well-being. We argue that reconciling difficulties is a vital part of fateful wellbeing.
  • Chiapputo, Lisa (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    Narrative Analysis is a method which enables individual, storied lives to be examined as study participants reveal themselves through personal recollections and insight. The social world in which these identities are situated is also revealed through the analysis process. In this study, the Narrative Approach is used to understand the values placed on ethnic identity building in relation to the Italian American community in Appalachia, as well as how these identities are performed in a social context. Appalachia is a distinct region running along the Appalachian Mountain chain from Northern Georgia to Southern New York, encompassing over 200,000 square miles. Typically understood as a homogenous, insular community, the Appalachian Region has seen significant influence by the Italian American community within the region, testing these assertions. This study hopes to discover how Italian American ethnic and Appalachian Regional identities here intersect, overlap, and diverge.
  • Kallinen, Henna (Helsingin yliopisto, 2019)
    This thesis examines children’s citizenship in recent empirical research in the field of child-hood studies. The thesis will examine the questions, themes and theoretical approaches that have framed the studies of children’s citizenship. Childhood studies is a multidisciplinary field and the research concerning children’s citizenship is embedded within multifaceted social and political contexts. Children’s relationship with the citizenship is unsettled. Children are being given many rights, responsibilities and possibilities to participate but at the same time they are excluded from citizenship. Children’s place as becoming citizens has been persistent in societies where especially political citizenship remains a field fully open only for adults. This under-standing frames the recent research of children’s citizenship. The study data consists of 17 research articles that are examining children’s citizenship through empirical data. These articles were reviewed and analysed applying narrative analysis. The study data shows that children’s citizenship is constructed in social, political and historical contexts. Political and legislative structures are the basis of children’s social participation. In in-stitutionalised settings, children’s participation is enabled in participatory activities. These par-ticipatory settings facilitate children’s agency and advocacy but also demonstrate some re-strictions. The approaches of lived citizenship have opened new interpretations of the ways that children enact citizenship. The studied articles show that citizenship is a concept that illumi-nates the aspects of the relationship between children and adults and may generate some under-standing of ethical encounters. Examining the marginal positions of citizenship is helpful in discussing children’s place in society. Citizenship as a concept unfolds the different aspects of inclusion and exclusion in society.
  • Osazee, Uyi (Helsingfors universitet, 2011)
    The dominant discourses on the issue of asylum have placed it on a uniquely higher level of scrutiny as a politically very sensitive area for social research. Today, member states within the EU have implemented stricter policies to control new arrivals, whilst instituting statutory procedures to manage the existing asylum claims. In 2010, the number of applicants for asylum in Finland totalled 5988, out of which 1784 were given positive decisions. This thesis endeavour to highlight asylum seekers in the discourses about them by adding their voices to the discussions of them in contemporary Finland. Studies, which has concentrated on asylum seekers in Finland, uses the living conditions within asylum reception centres to assess the impacts of structural barriers on asylum seekers’ efforts to deal with the asylum process. By highlighting the impacts of the entire asylum process, which I believe starts from the country of origin; I focus on examining narratives of dealing with the experience of liminality whilst waiting for asylum, and then explore areas of possible participation within informal social networks for West African asylum seekers in Finland. The overall aim is to place the current research within the broader sociological discussion of ‘belonging’ for asylum seekers who are yet to be recognized as refugees, and who exist in a state of limbo. Methodologically, oral interviews, self-written autobiographical narratives, and ethnographic field work are qualitatively combined as data in this thesis for an empirical study of West African male asylum seekers in Finland. Narrative analysis is employed to analyze the data for this thesis. The ethnographic research data for the study began in May 2009 and ended in August of 2010. Altogether, ten interviews and four self-written narratives were collected as data. In total seven hours of audio recording were made, along eleven pages of hand-written autobiographical narratives. Field observation notes are employed in the study to provide contexts to the active interactional processes of interpretation throughout the analysis. Findings from the study suggest that within the experience of liminality, which surrounds the entire asylum process, participations within informal social networks are found to be important to the process of re-making place and the sense of belonging. My study shows that this is necessary to countering the experience of boredom, stress and social isolation, which permeate all aspects of life for West African asylum seekers, whilst they wait for asylum decisions in Finland.
  • Welker, Bianca (Helsingin yliopisto, 2021)
    Amid the Covid-19 pandemic, alternative online news media were predominately thought to spread false information on the coronavirus and heavily engage in conspiracy theories. The populist and far-right news outlets especially were said to strategically exploit people’s fears to further their own hate campaigns against migrants, political elites and the established media. This research aims to give a more detailed account of how five German populist far-right digital news outlets framed the ongoing crisis from January to May 2020 and managed to integrate the topic into their established narratives. For this qualitative content analysis, articles from the digital news sites of Compact, Junge Freiheit, Eigentümlich Frei, Deutsche Stimme and Zuerst were analysed regarding the topics, claims, actors and rhetoric devices that they used. The result of the study was that, rather than being swayed by strategic whims to exploit the crisis at all costs, the outlets relied on their established framing habits and were able to incorporate the crisis into all of their usual reporting. They were able to integrate the topic into overarching narratives, which not only confirmed worldviews held by their established reader base, but may also hold significant sway over new readers seeking reassurance in uncertain times. Finally, the thesis directed attention to the importance that language and presentation played in accomplishing this balancing act, establishing the need for further research on the language of the populist far right online.
  • Savolainen, Ulla (2017)
    On the basis of the September 1944 Moscow Armistice agreement between Finland, the Soviet Union and the UK, the Finnish government was obliged to intern German and Hungarian citizens in Finland. Applying the concepts of “tellability” and “frame”, I examine how individuals (most of them children of German fathers and Finnish mothers) who were interned as minors and young people in Finland in 1944–1946 describe silence and the rupture of silence. In order to understand the interaction and dynamics between individuals’ remembering and public memory, I analyze oral history interviews of ex-internees in relation to public discussion. I argue that bringing together viewpoints of narrative analysis, oral history research and memory studies facilitates understanding of the link between the individual, private and public dimensions of memory construction. Furthermore, I suggest that the analytical concepts of tellability and frame are highly useful in understanding why some experiences and events of the past are narrated and remembered while others are forgotten or silenced.
  • Armas, Lois (Helsingin yliopisto, 2019)
    This research explores manifestations and negotiations of Otherness in the life stories of six adults who moved to Finland from Latin American countries as children. Throughout oral history, the purpose is to highlight the individuality of the migration process, emphasising the importance of looking at personal experiences and narratives. Otherness is understood in the research as a key factor in the migration process, by which the individual feels displaced and ‘otherised’ in the new environment due to a complex combination of circumstances. The research questions explore how materialisations of Otherness affected greatly the identity construction of the narrators. Otherness is thus approached through a timeline perspective; the narratives are examined with special attention to accounts of Otherness as children, and accounts of Otherness that manifest currently as adults. The research also explores why, when looking at migration processes, an intersectional approach is welcomed and relevant, since the category “immigrant” can neither be understood as homogeneous, nor isolated from other identities in life. The narrators moved to Finland between 1989 and 1999, in a decade that was crucial for Finland regarding immigration arrival numbers and policies. The thesis is informed by this: the fact that Finland witnessed increased immigrant arrivals and asylum seeking petitions during the 1990s, did not translate in abundant arrivals from Latin America, as it was the case with countries from other regions. Therefore, the narrators did not have ample representation or a proper diaspora community to ease their identity construction process and their migration journey in general. This is why research on Latin Americans in Finland is not only important but also necessary and interesting: they can be considered “a minority within a minority”, relatively invisible and scarcely researched. An oral history perspective when approaching Otherness is also justified and pertinent. With the use of narrative analysis, the interviews reveal in detail how Otherness does not disappear with the passage of time, but instead transforms in its materialisations and overall nature. Simultaneously, narrators also develop different negotiation mechanisms, and even incorporate Otherness to their own identity. Finally, the thesis links how these first-person narratives examined can inform future policy making: the thesis proposes that looking in detail at individual stories can contribute to the development of integration practices that would be more attuned to both migration processes and to the need of involving the native population in the two-way integration endeavour.
  • Mikkonen, Kai (Routledge, 2017)
    Routledge Advances in Comics Studies
    By placing comics in a lively dialogue with contemporary narrative theory, The Narratology of Comic Art builds a systematic theory of narrative comics, going beyond the typical focus on the Anglophone tradition. This involves not just the exploration of those properties in comics that can be meaningfully investigated with existing narrative theory, but an interpretive study of the potential in narratological concepts and analytical procedures that has hitherto been overlooked. This research monograph is, then, not an application of narratology in the medium and art of comics, but a revision of narratological concepts and approaches through the study of narrative comics. Thus, while narratology is brought to bear on comics, equally comics are brought to bear on narratology.
  • Uotila, Julia (Helsingin yliopisto, 2018)
    Jewish immigration to Israel is a phenomenon that raises discussion and there are multiple ways of approaching the study on the subject. Yet, there are sides to the story that are often left unheard, one of them being that of the Jewish immigrants themselves. This Master's thesis examines the ways in which Jewish immigrants make sense of their immigration to Israel, by analysing stories of ten immigrants that have moved to Israel from different countries, during the recent decades. The study draws upon narrative research and social constructionism and is located to the field of social scientific qualitative research on immigration that uses storied data and gives value to the meaning-making and the subjective constructions in the context of immigration. The research attempts to reply to the main research question of ‘how the immigrants make sense of their immigration to Israel in their narratives' by focusing on the meanings constructed for the immigration in the stories and on the ways in which the immigrants structure their immigration experience. Close reading, including an actant analysis (Greimas 1980/1966), was conducted for each of the stories individually, followed up by the construction of meaning-categories based on the principal ways of making sense of the immigration in the stories. The principal ways of making sense of the immigration were constructing it as an enabler, as an ideological fulfilment, as homecoming or as an unfortunate turn of events. The immigrants drew upon various different narrative resources in constructing their stories, such Zionist narratives, family history or the Bible. Indeed, the stories were very different from one another and were given also individual titles to provide an additional dimension to the interpretation and manifest their uniqueness. For some Jewish immigrants, return migration seems like the appropriate lens through which to analyse their immigration, while for others the concept of return seem altogether unbefitting: their stories weren't stories of return, but of new beginnings in their new home country or even of a temporary stopover in their journey. Indeed, I would view other lenses, such as those of transnationalism and cosmopolitanism, more suitable for analysing some of the stories. References: Greimas, A. J. & Courtés, J. (1982). Semiotics and language: An analytical dictionary. (L. Christ, D. Patte, J. Lee, E. McMahon II, G. Philips, M. Rengstorf, Trans.) Bloomington: Indiana University Press. (Original work published 1979.)