Browsing by Subject "networking"

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  • Viding, Jasu (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    A cluster of containerized workloads is a complex system where stacked layers of plugins and interfaces can quickly hide what’s actually going on under the hood. This can result in incorrect assumptions, security incidents, and other disasters. With a networking viewpoint, this paper dives into the Linux networking subsystem to demystify how container networks are built on Linux systems. This knowledge of "how" allows then to understand the different networking features of Kubernetes, Docker, or any other containerization solution developed in the future.
  • Karhinen, Santtu; Peltomaa, Juha; Riekkinen, Venla; Saikku, Laura (Elsevier, 2021)
    Global Environmental Change 67 (2021), 102225
    Local governments have set highly ambitious greenhouse gas emission reduction targets on a strategic level, in some cases influenced by intermediary networks. Yet, the quantitative impacts of climate strategies or the sharing of best practices on emissions still remain largely unknown. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of an intermediary network on municipal greenhouse gas emissions. This was done through an econometric analysis of the emissions of municipalities that are members of the Finnish Hinku (Towards Carbon Neutral Municipalities) network, and through comprehensive qualitative interviews conducted in 40 of those municipalities. Our quantitative results show that Hinku network membership has successfully led to the lowering of greenhouse gas emission levels in participating municipalities. The qualitative interviews suggest that this is due to systematic local level climate work, enhanced by network membership. The network functions as an intermediary in two ways: by providing expertise and enabling peer-support. In addition, it has also succeeded in legitimising local level climate action. Ambitious local level climate action can also affect the ambition of national climate policy, which in turn may reflect on the amount resources allocated to local climate action.
  • Kallio, Sonja (Helsingfors universitet, 2014)
    Population is aging. Within aging the morbidity and the use of medicines increase. Polypharmacy and the physiologic changes related to the ageing expose to medication-related problems. This has to be taken into consideration when planning the care of the elderly. Multiprofessional cooperation is seen as a solution to optimize the medicines' use among the aged people. Finnish Medicines Agency (Fimea) has started a network with local multiprofessional health care teams. The aim of the network is to make a national guideline for multiprofessional cooperation and optimizing the medicines' use among the aged people. The objective of the study was to clarify multiprofessional working models to optimize the medicines' use that had been carried out or planned by the teams belonging to the network. The models can work as examples when creating standardized practices to multiprofessional cooperation in Finland. Factors that promote or prevent multiprofessional cooperation and the problems of optimizing the medicines' use were clarified as were the possible solutions to solve them. Factors to strengthen cooperation and its effects were clarified on the basis of experience of the multiprofessional teams. As a material of the study were the interviews (n=15) of health care professionals (n=55) invited to Fimea's multiprofessional network. Fimea had collected the material that consists of group discussions (n=10), pair interviews (n=3) and individual interviews (n=2). The interviews that had been recorded were transcribed and analyzed by using a combine of inductive and deductive content analysis. A theoretical framework in the study was multiprofessional teamwork and networking. According to the interviews, multiprofessional cooperation in optimizing the medicines' use among the aged has been carried out in Finland in both public and private health care. The interviewees think that the most important way to optimize the medicines' use is clear division of tasks and responsibilities. Adding more pharmacists to all over the public health services and fostering the role of the community pharmacies as a part of the health care are seen as solutions. Multiprofessional meetings and education can break barriers between different professionals. The most common problems are the challenges related to economic limitations and to the busy work. There are problems in IT systems and information transfer. At the individual level, the most common problems seem to be in communication and the attitudes. The interviewees' experience is that successful multiprofessional cooperation increases medication safety and improves patients' state. The work of all the professions is faciliatated and burden of the public health service decreases. Lighter medication reviews could be used to find the patients who benefit from the comprehensive medication review. Information transfer and the currency of patients' medication should be secured with functioning IT systems. The results of the study can be utilised when developing multiprofessional practices to optimize the medicines' use. More study is needed to show the profitability of medical reviews, dose dispensing and other services.
  • Alexandersson, Erik; Keinanen, Markku; Chawade, Aakash; Himanen, Kristiina (2018)
    Plant phenomics refers to the systematic study of plant phenotypes. Together with closely monitored, controlled climates, it provides an essential component for the integrated analysis of genotype-phenotype-environment interactions. Currently, several plant growth and phenotyping facilities are under establishment globally, and numerous facilities are already in use. Alongside the development of the research infrastructures, several national and international networks have been established to support shared use of the new methodology. In this review, an overview is given of the Nordic plant phenotyping and climate control facilities. Since many areas of phenomics such as sensor-based phenotyping, image analysis and data standards are still developing, promotion of educational and networking activities is especially important. These facilities and networks will be instrumental in tackling plant breeding and plant protection challenges. They will also provide possibilities to study wild species and their ecological interactions under changing Nordic climate conditions.
  • Vaarula, Sarianne (Helsingfors universitet, 2011)
    Research objectives. The Special Education Strategy, the legislative change based on it, and the change in the Finnish National Core Curriculum for Pre-primary and Basic Education build the background for this study. An improvement initiative called KELPO was founded in 2008 to implement a new three-level support system in municipalities. To support this initiative, the Network of Intensified and Special Support in the Metropolitan Area was founded in 2010. The Network consists of 22 pilot schools from four metropolitan municipalities and the Centre for Educational Assessment at the University of Helsinki that carries out the developmental assessment of the initiative. The objective of my study was to form an overall view of the functioning of the Network. The data included interviews of 20 principals of the schools belonging to the Network. The interviews were conducted by the Centre for Educational Assessment in the autumn of 2010. The research question is: What do principals speak about the networking done inside and between the municipalities? Methods. I received the data as already transcribed for my use. I researched it using a narrative research approach. As a method I used both thematic reading and classifying narratives by the holistic-content. These methods belong under the analyze of narratives. I collected the narratives from the principals under themes that arose from the data delimited by my research question. The narrative analysis materialized by writing the research story, as a new story was built by the principals' stories theme by theme. The classification of the narratives by the holistic-content method was realized according to what kind of a gatekeeper's role each principal had. With a gatekeeper I here mean the intermediary role of a principal between the school and outside world. In addition, I used the analysis of interactive production of the narrative when applicable. Results and conclusions. Explicit features in the story of the Network were the principals', at least partial, uncertainty of the purpose of the networking, lack of time and resources, changing of initiatives, and lack of continuity. Positive narratives about ownership and empowerment could also be found. Nonetheless, many of the preconditions for success described by the school reform and school networking theories were not fulfilled. According to the collective story, there was no shared goal or purpose, and nor were the needs of autonomy, competence, and relatedness fulfilled. Three different kinds of gatekeepers were found in the data: The Exemplary ones, The Survivors and The Losers. The distinguishing factor turned out to be sharing of information at school. Based on the narratives, the schools with principals taking care of sharing information were the most active in partaking in networking.