Browsing by Subject "new media"

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  • Döveling, Katrin; Harju, Anu Annika; Sommer, Denise (2018)
    Research on the processes of mediatization aims to explore the mutual shaping of media and social life and how new media technologies influence and infiltrate social practices and cultural life. We extend this discussion of media’s role in transforming the everyday by including in the discussion the mediatization of emotion and discuss what we conceptualize as digital affect culture(s). We understand these as relational, contextual, globally emergent spaces in the digital environment where affective flows construct atmospheres of emotional and cultural belonging by way of emotional resonance and alignment. Approaching emotion as a cultural practice, in terms of affect, as something people do instead of have, we discuss how digital affect culture(s) traverse the digital terrains and construct pockets of culture-specific communities of affective practice. We draw on existing empirical research on digital memorial culture to empirically illustrate how digital affect culture manifests on micro, meso, and macro levels and elaborate on the constitutive characteristics of digital affect culture. We conclude with implications of this conceptualization for theoretical advancement and empirical research.
  • Mäkelä, Teea (2000)
    This study investigates user value in wireless value-added services through the viewpoint of user behaviour. It aims to answer the research question of ’what creates user value in wireless value-added services?’ by constructing a theoretical framework drawing from theories and market experiences and examining three case studies of early applications of wireless value-added services and comparing them to comparable technological innovations in the light of the theoretical framework. This is a qualitative research project undertaken as a multiple case study. The selected cases are three case studies concerning adoption of wireless value-added services in three regions of the world. The point of analysis is on how user value is created; it is assumed that adoption rate and popularity of services serve as indicators of user value. Main sources of data for the theoretical framework are books of recognized relevance in the area. Case descriptions are based on three sources of data. One, articles and news releases. Two, analyst reports from leading market research firms and investment banks. Three, information provided by companies. The data was compiled and analysed to determine adoption of services and identify key reasons for popularity or lack of. A cross-case analysis was then conducted to identify common trends across cases and draw conclusions based on these. In the discussion, these conclusions were contrasted with findings regarding user value creation in comparable technological innovations and examined in light of the theoretical framework. Main conclusions are that key factors driving value creation in wireless value-added services are likely to be service ubiquity, content, horizontal communication, ease of use and price. Beyond this, factors such as personalisation and localisation are likely to be important, but do not depart from basic value drivers as they enhance ease of use and relevance of content. Findings were then discussed in the wider frame of reference, suggesting that increase in mobility is the next step in the deepening of informationalisation of society and economy and is likely to deepen social segmentation and diversification while helping to unleash productive potential contained in mature industries and spawning new business models.
  • Wirén, Sini (Helsingfors universitet, 2013)
    On the basis of technological advances, changing economic conditions and heightened audience expectations for openness and credibility, it has been suggested that transparency should be a new ethical norm for professional online journalism. While theoretical knowledge on this topic is constantly expanding, comprehensive empirical analysis of the practical implementation of transparency measures in news production is still rather scarce, particularly in Finland. To fill this gap in the existing research, this study focuses on transparency in the content of ten leading news websites in Finland. The content is examined with a mixed-methods approach that incorporates both a quantitative and a qualitative analysis. While the quantitative analysis examines a total of 70 front-page articles from each of these news websites with a focus on systematic techniques that reflect transparency, the qualitative analysis scrutinizes these websites in their entirety by concentrating on the larger structures and elements that foster transparency through disclosure of information and supporting audience participation in news production. The results indicate that the level of transparency in the leading online media sources is still relatively low, and that there are no significant differences in transparency measures between the different kinds of mainstream news outlets, although certain techniques seem to be more popular in the tabloid media and others are more widely used by online-only or public service media. As practicing editorial and journalistic transparency does not usually require large financial investments, or involve legal restrictions, the discussion suggests that the main limitations for the utilization of transparency measures are the lack of audience demand on one hand and attitudinal resistance from the media professionals and organisations on the other. This study manages to add new knowledge to prior research on this topic by providing a comprehensive account of both the level and the nature of media transparency. At the same time, it clearly indicates that both transparency and online news publishing are such multi-dimensional and constantly evolving matters that comprehensive measurement of their prevalence would require much further research through a more diverse methodology. In addition to its academic contribution, this study introduces different transparency techniques that would benefit journalism practitioners. It also focuses the attention of consumers on the quality of online journalism and provides them with comparable information on the performance of different news outlets with regards to openness and public participation.
  • Niemi, Timo (2010)
    New media technology and software play an ever more important role in social practice. Yet software or the principles of new media have seemingly not been discussed in sociological theory. This study aims to provide new theory on the subject by suggesting that users exist in two different forms while using new media for social purposes. On the one hand the user is a social actor, following established social norms and structures, but on the other hand the user simultaneously exists as a digital entry in a database, subjected to a completely different set of rules based on new media technology. The study aims to explore the tensions that arise from this duality. The study proposes a morphological, conceptual analysis to explore the interaction between social practice and new media, but does not include an empirical part. Sociality is conceptually defined as Manuel Castells’s notion of networks, while new media technology is treated as the database, which Lev Manovich argues to be the central form of contemporary culture. These forms are complemented with their respective logics or patterns of action, network sociality and the principles of new media, respectively. The understanding of new media is further developed by exploring the academic field of software studies. The results of the conceptual analysis, formulated as a theoretical framework, suggest that networks and databases differ in their understanding of time and space, their functioning logic, and the basis on which their respective units react and reason. Lev Manovich’s notion of transcoding then implies that the technological and cultural levels in new media interact and modify each other. The results of the conceptual analysis are reflected upon through existing studies on social networking services and new media. The identified processes are then further formulated into suggestions on how social practices may change if they were to be more heavily aggregated through new media. These developments include trends of quantification and automation, changing rules of social space, and an increased emphasis on information exchange in both practice and theory. Lastly, the discussion chapter situates the findings next to earlier research, which has reflected upon the database as a form that defines social surveillance and the formation of identity. The capability to conceptually separate social norms from the affordances suggested by new media may be useful for a meaningful interpretation of everyday social practice. Central references: For new media: Manovich, Lev: The Language of New Media (2001); Fuller, Matthew (ed.): Software Studies - A Lexicon (2009). Beer, David: Power through the algorithm? Participatory web cultures and the technological unconscious (2009); Boyd, Danah: Facebook's Privacy Trainwreck. Exposure, Invasion, and Social Convergence (2008). For networks: Castells, Manuel: The internet Galaxy (2001), The Network Society: A Cross-cultural Perspective (2004); Stalder, Felix: Manuel Castells: The Theory of the Network Society (2004); Wittel, Andreas: Toward a Network Sociality (2001); Miller, Vincent: New Media, Networking and Phatic Culture (2008).