Browsing by Subject "onomastics"

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  • Scott, Maggie (Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies, 2012)
    COLLeGIUM: Studies across Disciplines in the Humanities and Social Sciences 13
    This paper examines the linguistic identities of Edinburgh, Scotland’s capital city, and the contexts in which they are currently used. The city is known by a range of different names that are linked with its historical and contemporary identities as they are represented in Scottish Gaelic, Scottish English and Scots. In terms of its etymology, the name Edinburgh is part Celtic and part Germanic, but in modern usage it exists within the official and standard discourses of the dominant language variety, Scottish English. It is the form of the name most usually employed in other British and International Englishes. In modern Scottish Gaelic, the city is called Dùn Èideann, and of those designations which could qualify as Scots, the best known is probably the nickname Auld Reekie “Old Smoky”, made popular in 18th century literature and still in use today. Particular attention is drawn here to the role that these toponymic identities play in relation to the place identity of the city. Each name resonates with different narratives of history and culture, which, although subjectively shaped at the individual level, share at least sufficient prototypical meaning for them to be employed effectively (and further shaped and manipulated) in a variety of public and commercial contexts. It is argued here that the ways in which these three toponymic layers describe the city reveal a complex paradigm of contested space, and that by better understanding the uses of these names we can better understand the linguistic politics of the city’s image and the current roles played by Scotland’s languages.
  • Ainiala, Terhi; Östman, Jan-Ola Ingemar (John Benjamins, 2017)
    Pragmatics & Beyond New Series
  • Balode, Laimute (2020)
    The article summarizes hypotheses of the origin of place names and the primary semantics of toponyms of the current Semigallia (Lat. Zemgale) – one of the historical ethnographic regions of Latvia. The short history of Semigallian cities and the possible etymology of names are introduced: city names such as Auce are discussed (mentioned in historical documents in 1426, place name of Baltic / Lithuanian origin), Bauska (mentioned in 1443, a city name possibly of Baltic / Latvian origin), Dobele (mentioned in 1254, toponym of Baltic / Latvian origin), Jelgava // Mītava (mentioned in 1265, place name of hypothetical – Livonian? Latvian? origin), Kalnciems (mentioned in 16th cent., a place name of clear Latvian origin), Tukums (mentioned in 1253, a place name of very obscure – possibly Livonian, or Latvian – origin). Names of the largest rivers in Latvian Semigallia are also analyzed – Lielupe, Mūsa, Mēmele, as well as the names of some tributaries (Kaucīte, Īslīce, Svitene, Sesava, Platone, Svēte, etc.). Particularly distinctive is the derivative suffix -aine: Cērpaine, Svēpaine, Skujaine, Svētaine, Krievaine, Govaine, etc.The article also briefly discusses the oikonyms and microtoponyms of Semigallia, among which there are a number of borrowings. The main attention is paid to Lithuanianisms, which are most abundant on the Lithuanian-Latvian border: river names Ģirupe, Žare, Žurele, meadow name Ežerelis, home-stead names Karvišķe, Veršūns. Possible Lithuanianisms are evidenced by both the phonetics of names (homestead names Ķišķi, Žinduls) and morphology (Adžūni, Gaidžūni, Juknišķi).The phonetic feature of the Semigallian dialect – anaptyxis (insertion of a short vocal sound after tautosyllabic r / l) – is recorded in the Semigallian placenames: Zirega dzelme, Stirenu pļavele, Karepu dīķis. Semigallian toponyms (especially microtoponyms) stand out with a characteristic suffix -ene: oikonyms Blīdene, Spārnene, Zebrene, Dobele < * Dobelene, Tērvete < *Tērvetene, meadow names Cepurene, Griķene, Puķene, Talcene, Līdzumene, Mazā dakterene and many others.
  • Lenk, Hartmut Ewald Herbert (Peter Lang, 2021)
    Nordeuropäische Arbeiten zur Literatur, Sprache und Kultur
    In what forms are individual persons referred to in newspaper reports? The paper gives a brief overview of the existing research on this subject, and outlines a method of coding the use of individual personal names in such texts. It then presents the results of a study on the forms of personal names in reports on the death of Yasser Arafat, with data from five national quality newspapers and five popular ones published in Germany on November 12, 2004. The results show peculiarities which are associated with the text-type variant of such newspaper reports, with their theme and with the medium, i.e. the kind of newspaper concerned.
  • Ainiala, Terhi; Halonen, Mia (John Benjamins, 2017)
    Pragmatics & Beyond New Series