Browsing by Subject "open science"

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  • Tolonen, Mikko Sakari; Lahti, Leo Mikael (2015)
  • Laine, Heidi (2017)
    The risk of scooping is often used as a counter argument for open science, especially open data. In this case study I have examined openness strategies, practices and attitudes in two open collaboration research projects created by Finnish researchers, in order to understand what made them resistant to the fear of scooping. The radically open approach of the projects includes open by default funding proposals, co-authorship and community membership. Primary sources used are interviews of the projects’ founding members. The analysis indicates that openness requires trust in close peers, but not necessarily in research community or society at large. Based on the case study evidence, focusing on intrinsic goals, like new knowledge and bringing about ethical reform, instead of external goals such as publications, supports openness. Understanding fundaments of science, philosophy of science and research ethics, can also have a beneficial effect on willingness to share. Whether there are aspects in open sharing that makes it seem riskier from the point of view of certain demographical groups within research community, such as women, could be worth closer inspection.
  • Lahti, Leo; Marjanen, Jani Pekka; Roivainen, Hege Henri Markus; Tolonen, Mikko Sakari (2019)
    National bibliographies have been identified as a crucial resource for historical research on the publishing landscape, but using them requires addressing challenges of data quality, completeness, and interpretation. We call this approach bibliographic data science. In this article, we briefly assess the development of book formats and the vernacularization process in early modern Europe. The work undertaken paves the way for more extensive integration of library catalogs to map the history of the book.
  • Kelli, Aleksei; Lindén, Krister; Vider, Kadri; Labropoulou, Penny; Ketzan, Erik; Kamocki, Pawel; Stranák, Pavel (Linköping University Electronic Press, 2018)
    Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings
    This article investigates the compatibility of the current CLARIN license categorization scheme with the open science paradigm. The first part presents the main concepts and theoretical framework required for the analysis, while the second part discusses the use of the CLARIN categorization system, divided into PUB (public), ACA (academic), and RES (restricted), and potential ways to change it. This paper serves to explore various suggestions for change and to begin discussion of a reformed CLARIN license category scheme.
  • Valtonen, Jussi; Hankonen, Nelli (2020)
    Keskustelua tutkimusten toistettavuuteen ja luotettavuuteen liittyvistä kysymyksistä on käyty viime vuosina aktiivisesti biolääketieteissä ja muilla aloilla. Vaikka monet esiin nousseista kysymyksistä ovat monille empiirisille tieteenaloille yhteisiä, osa tutkijoista arvelee psykologian olleen erityisen altis kritiikille. Tämä artikkeli ja haastattelukooste syntyivät havainnosta, jonka mukaan Suomessa ei tieteellisissä lehdissä juuri ole julkaistu pohdiskelua psykologian replikaatiokriisistä, vaikka kansainväliset tieteelliset lehdet ovat omistaneet aiheelle useita katsauksia ja erikoisnumeroita sekä julkaisseet painokkaita puheenvuoroja siitä, kuinka tutkimus-, julkaisu-, rahoitus- ja urakehityskäytäntöjä tulisi muuttaa. Tässä Psykologia-lehden haastattelukokonai- suudessa kysytään, mitä keskustelua seuranneet kotimaiset psykologitutkijat tilanteesta ajattelevat. Taustoitamme haastatteluja lyhyellä yhteenvedolla tapahtumista, jotka olivat vaikuttamassa kansainvälisen keskustelun alkamiseen, ja sen jälkeen annamme puheenvuoron kymmenelle kotimaiselle tutkijalle.
  • Lassila-Perini, Kati; Calderon, Alicia; Rodriguez-Marrero, Ana Y.; Colling, David; Huffman, Adam; Rao, Achintya; McCauley, Thomas; The CMS collaboration (2016)
    The CMS Collaboration, in accordance with its commitment to open access and data preservation, is preparing for the public release of up to half of the reconstructed collision data collected in 2010. Efforts at present are focused on the usability of the data in education. The data will be accompanied by example applications tailored for different levels of access, including ready-to-use web-based applications for histogramming or visualising individual collision events and a virtual machine image of the CMS software environment that is compatible with these data. The virtual machine image will contain instructions for using the data with the online applications as well as examples of simple analyses. The novelty of this initiative is two-fold: in terms of open science, it lies in releasing the data in a format that is good for analysis; from an outreach perspective, it is to provide the possibility for people outside CMS to build educational applications using our public data. CMS will rely on services for data preservation and open access being prototyped at CERN with input from CMS and the other LHC experiments.
  • Nykyri, Susanna Kirsi (2017)
  • Kallio, Kirsi Pauliina; Heikkinen, Anna Marjaana; Riding, James (2021)
    Recent tendency towards internationalization of academic publishing has reinforced the dominant role of English language in scholarly debates and discussions. The monolinguistic development has led to several drawbacks: it risks to sustain global inequalities in knowledge production, limits the access of non-native English speakers to international publishing, and disengages place-specific knowledge from national and local contexts, not only in scholarly communities but also among decision-makers and within the civil society. In response, Fennia seeks ways towards multicultural publishing, including lingual plurality. The journal has a long history in multilingual publishing yet, in its present form – following international standards of journal publishing, with modest resources – its content is solely in English. The editorial briefly introduces this linguistic development, since 1889, and presents ideas for further activities. Fennia’s current multilingual strategy emphasizes the popularization of the peer reviewed content in different languages, which is implemented through collaboration with the online popular science forum Versus. This serves two ends in broadening the audience, beyond the academy and the primarily English-speaking world. The collaboration of Fennia and Versus has already yielded multilingual popular science articles accessible in the contexts that the research concerns and in the societies where the authors work. Based on positive experiences and feedback, we are eager to continue similar efforts promoting linguistic plurality. As achieving these aims requires notable extra effort – from authors, editors, and the publisher – we call for support and commitment from the funding agencies and academic institutions that we rely on, along with the scholarly community whose voluntary work forms the basis of all activities in Fennia.
  • ClimMani Working Grp; Halbritter, Aud H.; De Boeck, Hans J.; Eycott, Amy E.; Reinsch, Sabine; Robinson, David A.; Vicca, Sara; Berauer, Bernd; Christiansen, Casper T.; Estiarte, Marc; Grunzweig, Jose M.; Gya, Ragnhild; Hansen, Karin; Jentsch, Anke; Lee, Hanna; Linder, Sune; Marshall, John; Penuelas, Josep; Schmidt, Inger Kappel; Stuart-Haentjens, Ellen; Wilfahrt, Peter; Vandvik, Vigdis; Macias-Fauria, Marc; Porcar-Castell, Albert; Mänd, Pille (2020)
    Climate change is a world-wide threat to biodiversity and ecosystem structure, functioning and services. To understand the underlying drivers and mechanisms, and to predict the consequences for nature and people, we urgently need better understanding of the direction and magnitude of climate change impacts across the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum. An increasing number of climate change studies are creating new opportunities for meaningful and high-quality generalizations and improved process understanding. However, significant challenges exist related to data availability and/or compatibility across studies, compromising opportunities for data re-use, synthesis and upscaling. Many of these challenges relate to a lack of an established 'best practice' for measuring key impacts and responses. This restrains our current understanding of complex processes and mechanisms in terrestrial ecosystems related to climate change. To overcome these challenges, we collected best-practice methods emerging from major ecological research networks and experiments, as synthesized by 115 experts from across a wide range of scientific disciplines. Our handbook contains guidance on the selection of response variables for different purposes, protocols for standardized measurements of 66 such response variables and advice on data management. Specifically, we recommend a minimum subset of variables that should be collected in all climate change studies to allow data re-use and synthesis, and give guidance on additional variables critical for different types of synthesis and upscaling. The goal of this community effort is to facilitate awareness of the importance and broader application of standardized methods to promote data re-use, availability, compatibility and transparency. We envision improved research practices that will increase returns on investments in individual research projects, facilitate second-order research outputs and create opportunities for collaboration across scientific communities. Ultimately, this should significantly improve the quality and impact of the science, which is required to fulfil society's needs in a changing world.