Browsing by Subject "oppilas"

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  • Taipalus, Marjo (Helsingfors universitet, 2017)
    The present study describes the experiences and understandings of classroom teachers related to the loneliness of pupils: what kind of difficulties do classroom teachers encounter in their work and how do they try to resolve them. The research aims to establish a deeper understanding of the work of a classroom teacher in relation with the loneliness of pupils. A fifth of the children suffers from loneliness. The official instructions guiding the actions of a teacher, e.g., National Core Curriculum for Basic Education, finds the welfare of pupils important, which indirectly tries to prevent loneliness. However, the loneliness of pupils is not discussed in the instructions and no methods for recognising and encountering loneliness are offered. Also, loneliness is not covered in the education of a classroom teacher per curriculum. The research was conducted using half-structured theme interviews on five classroom teachers of a primary school in southern Finland. The interview results were analysed with a content analysis method. The descriptions of classroom teachers highlighted both concretely experienced difficulties and general difficulties related to the nature of loneliness. The interviewed teachers described their solutions in two ways: solutions to the problems experienced by teachers and solutions aiding the welfare of teachers. Based on these results, a theoretical classification was formed, enlightening the dynamic phenomenon of loneliness in the context of the work of a classroom teacher. Comparing the results to earlier researches, teachers found the mental disorders of pupils hard: they are difficult to recognise, encounter and handle. Teachers used solutions similar to other studies: self-development, communality of the working environment and external support promoted the managing in teaching work. As a conclusion, teachers should evidently be educated and supported more related to the loneliness and mental welfare of pupils.
  • Hirvenlahti, Karoliina (Helsingfors universitet, 2013)
    The purpose of this study was to discover primary teachers' conceptions about singing and vocal control education and student assessment. The study was aimed to find out what kind of a role and status singing and vocal control education has in general and in relation to music education. In addition, the study examines what the teachers consider singing and vocal control education and what kind of teaching methods they used in their teaching. Furthermore, the study explores to the teachers' experiences with the teaching of singing and vocal control education. Finally, the study aims to map the student assessment methods teachers used and the challenges and opportunities these methods brings with them. The data were collected trough an Internet questionnaire. The study involved 31 primary school teachers from 15 different schools in Espoo, all of which had their own class. 87 % of the examinees were 30 years or older and 77 % had worked as a teacher for at least 6 years. 14 examinees did not teach music during the research and five of the examinees did not have any kind of music related hobbies. The research was a qualitative survey. The analysis was theory-driven content analysis. The study revealed, that half of the teachers would increase the amount of time spent on the teaching of singing and vocal control, and the other half would retain the present situation. In the teachers' opinions, the singing and vocal control education should begin in early childhood or primary education, at latest in the 3. Class. Only half of the teachers were able to explain how the singing and vocal control education was taken into account in their school's policy. The teachers mentioned 17 contents of singing and vocal control education, and teacher-led methods of teaching. Singing and vocal control education also appears in the native language lessons and in everyday school life. The teachers taught music because of their own enthusiasm and specialization on music education, and because of the principal's order. Half of the teachers felt that they had not received enough training to teach singing and vocal control. Methods for assessment of singing have been replaced by students' personal singing tests and observation. The student assessment is a challenge because of the large numbers of students in the groups. Teachers wish to receive a coherent student assessment criteria.
  • Lanberg, Marianna (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    Aims. The study explores different ways to speak about the phenomenon of touch in the written memories about touching in school context. The aim is to specify, based on the data, the presence of public and broadly shared meanings given to touching in school context. Personal memories are interpreted in the socio-cultural context. The broader socio-cultural context is defined as public discourses in the Finnish media and as the official normative documents and discourses defining touching policies in school context. This study is connected to the Koskettava koulu -research project (Tainio et al., 2017-2020) which aims to explore the multidimensional phemonon of touching in comprehensive school context. Previous research on touch studies interaction, meanings and norms defining touching in comprehensive school. Methods. The data were gathered by an open invitation in social media to write about personal memories about touching in past school years. 51 short memoirs (seen as oral histories) were received and analyzed using discourse analysis. The data consisted of both teacher and former pupil positioned memories. Conceptual tools applied in the analysis were voice, dialogue and hidden dialogue based on Mihail Bahtin’s theory of dialogue in language use. Results and conclusions The results indicated that oral history contains present-day public, broadly shared ways to form meanings in interpretative element of the memory. There were three main discourses constructed from the data. First, the teacher discourse argued touching by the essential persona of a teacher and by the professional ethics obligating teacher’s ways to touch students. Second, student discourses indicated touching as a culture guided by the official norms of conduct and comparably touching as directed by the subcultural rules among students. Third main discourse was problematic touch in the school context which indicated molesting as a recognized phenomenon but also silenced tabu-like theme.
  • Rossi, Maria-Elina (Helsingin yliopisto, 2015)
    The aim of this study is to examine how teacher students' view their cultural capital. Cultural capital means the knowledge, skills, valuations and examinations that a person has achieved during his/her life.The purpose of this study is also to depict whether or not cultural capital is of importance to a teacher at his work or to a student at his education. Previous studies have shown that teacher students present bourgeoise culture. Previous studies have also shown that teacher's cultural capital might have an impact to his/her work and that students' family background has an impact on school work. The study was made by the principles of qualitative research. Five teacher students from Helsinki University were selected as research subjects. The data was gathered during the spring 2015 and collected by using a theme interview. The data was then analyzed with theory-bound content analysis. Based on the data, teacher students' views depicted that their family backgrounds, as well as hobby and personal interests reflected at least partly the cultural capital. Based on the study results, it would seem that teacher's own cultural capital might show in his/her work at some level, for example through the valuations and aspirations, as well as the number of his/her hobbies. Teacher's hobbies can show as emphasis on, motivation in and aspirations in the work. Valuations and aspirations can have an impact on the demands targeted towards students by the teacher. The results indicate that student's cultural capital can show at school through stimulus received from home and attitude towards school.
  • Häkkänen, Matias (Helsingin yliopisto, 2019)
    Objective. The aim of this intervention study is to examine which character strengths sixth graders spot in themselves and how do they present the character strengths in their everyday lives. The effect of the intervention is being determined as the changes in an observation group are discussed. This study is a part of Tämä Elämä –project, which emphasizes co- working and aims at preventing social exclusions of teenagers. Method. The study was carried out with a sixth grade class (19 students) in the Spring 2019. The class was given lessons on character strengths for a week with the help of Huomaa Hyvä! –materials which are composed for the purpose of bringing out the strengths of an individual. The students filled out an online form both at the start and in the beginning of the week so the effect of the intervention was opened for evaluation. The observation group of 24 students took part in the study. They didn’t receive classes on character strengths during the week. Results and conclusions. The most presented character strengths in the class are fairness, prudence and creativity. The students discussed the strengths through the topics of me-oth- ers, values, cognitive skills, emotions, emotional skills and attitude. The activities they pre- sented discussing their character strengths were e.g. games, activities with friends, home- work and exams. The knowledge and usage of character strengths expressed by the students was tested with repeated measures ANOVA in the software of Statistics Analysis Software SPSS. The factors of time or being a member of either of the groups was not classified as primary effect. The knowledge and usage of character strengths expressed by the students didn’t change signif- icantly.
  • Rauhala, Carita (Helsingfors universitet, 2014)
    Writing is one of the most important skills learned in school. Studies have indicated that pupils' writing skills need improvement which evokes to observe the practices of teaching writing. This thesis contemplates the teaching of writing from the feedback's point of view. The goal of my thesis is to find out what kind of conceptions the sixth-graders have about the feedback they receive from writing and how pupils describe the meaning and effectiveness of feedback. Research type was qualitative study. Data was gathered from three different classes by using method of empathy-based stories. Data consists of 69 pupils empathy-based stories that deals with response given from the opinion essays. Material was analysed by using qualitative theory-guided content analysis. Study indicated that according to pupils' stories feedback wasn't given until the text was finished. Response consisted mainly of text evaluation. In the pupils' stories the response was given verbally and in writing generally by classmates and the teacher. Besides the content of the text and pupils working effort, the feedback was often focused on opinions in the text. When feedback was given by the classmates it was sometimes targeted at the pupil receiving the response and contained inappropriate features such as mocking. Empathy-based stories showed that feedback clearly had a meaning but experience of the feedback may consist of many different factors. In the story conceptions and expectations considering the feedback had the most influence on pupil's experience. In most cases feedback had an effect on pupil's experience at emotional level. In the stories feedback was also seen to have an influence on future writing, pupil's self-esteem, conception of feedback and person giving it. The results showed that the pupils have lots of resources to reflect the quality of the feedback and its meaning for the writer. According to the stories the benefit of feedback was tangential from the writings point of view and the idea of giving feedback was in accordance with conventional evaluative feedback. I think the results support the idea that feedback should be more firm part of the actual writing process. The person receiving the feedback should be more active and the pupils' aptitudes to utilize the feedback should be supported more.
  • Ruokonen, Anne (Helsingfors universitet, 2016)
    Objectives. This study examines the cooperation between home and school from the viewpoint of teacher students. In particular, this study focuses on the expectations and concerns of teacher students relating to cooperation between home and school. The teacher students that took part in this study (N=19) were in the final stage of their studies when the interviews were conducted so they were to soon enter working life and start cooperating with parents. Much research hasn't been done on the subject of teacher students' thoughts, expectations and concerns concerning home-school cooperation so the subject is important and topical. The theoretical framework of this study takes a closer look at the legal framework, the purpose of home-school cooperation and the practical implications of the cooperation. The aim of the empirical part of the study is to discover the expectations and concerns that teacher students have about home-school cooperation. Methods. The research data of this qualitative study consists of interviews of nineteen teacher students. The interviews are part of a bigger project lead by Kirsi Pyhältö and funded by the Academy of Finland. The project is called 'From Student teacher to Experienced Teacher: Learning an Active Professional Agency'. The purpose of the interviews was to find out how teacher students' professional agency progresses. There were sixteen questions in the interview and they were related to studying in the teacher education program and teachers' work at school. The research interviews were conducted during spring 2011. The data comprised 894 pages. The interviews were analyzed by means of qualitative content analysis, quantitative content analysis and data-oriented content analysis. Results and conclusions. The concerns and expectations of teacher students relating to home-school cooperation could be divided into three categories: student-related, teacher-related and parents-related. Most of the concerns were related to students and more specifically to special students and multicultural students. Teacher-related concerns came in second and were mostly related to teachers' professionalism, hurry and boundaries. Parents-related concerns were mostly related to the opinions of parents, facing parents, parents' boundaries and their taking part in the cooperation. Most of the expectations focused on the teacher: teachers' qualities, professionalism, appreciation and respect. Parents-related expectations came in second and were related to the fluency of the cooperation, the parents' positive attitude towards the teacher and the parents' involvement. Least of the expectations focused on students. Teacher students hope that students say positive things about the teacher at home and that students feel themselves important also at school. Teacher students described their concerns about the skills of teachers relating to home-school cooperation. This study can be utilized in, for example, the teacher education as the interviewed teacher students describe issues that are currently not taught in the teacher education but they hope to learn in order to improve their skills in home-school cooperation.
  • Vainio, Milla (Helsingin yliopisto, 2016)
    Aims. In this study research topics were primary school pupils' attitudes towards mathematics and teachers' methodological ways to affect those attitudes. This study has been inspired by both national and international research results which show that attitudes get worse even when skills get better. This study concerns different kinds of methodological ways to affect pupils' attitudes and how well those methods function. Moreover, the study describes what kinds of tasks those methodological ways have from the viewpoint of attitude. Methods. Four working primary school class teachers were interviewed for this study. Interviews were theme interviews and they were made in spring 2015. The interviews were analysed following the principles of theory bounded content analysis: first analysis units were formed and then they were categorized into larger units. Results and conclusions. When categorizing the results, different kinds of methodological groups were found that have a different kind of effect on attitudes. The methodological groups are: inspiring and attracting methods, interaction based methods, self-efficacy improving methods, sufficient challenge providing methods, methods that support development of understanding and methods that support finding one's own way of learning. Considering weak pupils, especially self-efficacy improving methods are essential because weak self-efficacy affects task management and learning experiences. Sufficient challenge producing methods, on the other hand, are vital for talented pupils' attitudes. All found method groups found in this study can help teachers' when planning versatile teaching that is beneficial to attitudes. Teachers evaluated functionality of the methods which can be helpful when trying to find a functional method.
  • Bergman, Mona (Helsingin yliopisto, 2017)
    Comprehensive school pupils in Finland have a right to healthy and free school meals. The purpose of the school meals is to teach the pupils healthy ways of living, good eating habits, and to familiarize them with Finnish culture. The basis of this study lies in the hypothesis that, as no precise standards are given in the curriculum, the attitudes teachers have about nutrition education might affect the weight school meals are given in everyday life. The aim of this thesis is to research the outlooks that students in teacher education have towards school meals and its significance for students. The material for the thesis was collected with a web form, to which 83 responses were received in total. The material was analysed utilizing theory-based content analysis, at first simplifying received responses, and later assigning them to different categories. According to the research teachers think that schools meals are important for students, and the significance of school meals can be addressed from four viewpoints: 1) as an enhancer of national health, 2) as a conveyor of social and cultural information, 3) as a fortifier of self-efficacy and autonomy, 4) as value education. In the future it would be important to find out how all aspects of nutrition education could be fulfilled during school meals. At the moment is seems that health improvement and social skills are over-emphasized in nutrition education. These research findings aren't to be generalised, as qualitative analysis of a small group always brings individualism to the results. The results can, however, be seen as guidelines, they can serve as grounds for future research, and provoke conversation.
  • Vanhanen, Vilma (Helsingin yliopisto, 2017)
    Aims. Touching is an essential part of human life and well-being: touch is a way of communicating in human interaction, and touching has positive influence on growth and development of a child. Thus, touching should also be a part of school life in interaction between a teacher and a student. On the other hand, many studies discuss concerns that teachers have regarding touching students. In this study, the aim was to discuss primary school teachers' attitudes towards touching as a pedagogical tool: is it allowed to touch children, do teachers want to touch in the first place, in what kind of situations do teachers touch, and how is touching discussed in schools. The purpose of this study is to enhance understanding of touching in schools. Methods. The research data was gathered by interviewing six class room teachers, and I applied theme interview in the interview. This study was a qualitative study, and I applied phenomenography study's analysis model in the analysis. Phenomenography is based on different kinds of ways of understanding the same phenomenon: therefore I observed primary school teachers' different views about touching in school. Results and conclusions. Primary school teachers associated six different meanings with touching: touching as natural and common thing; as a tool for calming and guiding; as caring; as a worry; as an object of avoiding; and as restricting. The factors that influence teacher's decision to touch are the norms of society and community, context of the situation in which touching occurs, teacher's own touching history, characteristics regarding a student, instructions or pedagogical freedom, and conscious decision making or spontaneous action. As a summary for these results, there was formed five different roles for teachers as touchers: teacher as an educator, as a communicator, as a restrictor, as an avoider, and as a victim. Even though the results cannot be generalized to apply every primary school teacher, the results imply possible ways of comprehending touching as a pedagogical tool.
  • Pihlajamäki, Tanja (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    Aims. Previous studies show that there is changes in pupils math attitude. Pupils math attitudes has been weakened in primary school (Metsämuuronen, 2013). In this study will find out, how to support 5th and 6th graders positive math attitudes. Classrooms with positive math attitudes are the subjects in this study. The main purpose in this study is to find out, what kind of teaching methods teachers use in their teaching. In addition, this study will find out how teachers can support pupils` positive attitudes. Methods. This study is a qualitative research. In this study five teachers who teached 5th and 6th graders were interviewed. Research material were collected with research project, and that material was used in this study. Based on this research material, teachers were selected for the interview. The interview was conducted as a theme interview. Research material was analysed by using content analysis. Results and conclusions. Class teachers used social methods in their teaching, like conversations and pondering together. Active methods and concreteness were used in teaching. Different learning materials were also mentioned. Class teachers encouraged their pupils in teaching with positive feedback and they tried to create positive classroom climate. Teachers thought that teachers` attitude, pupils` home, friends and classroom climate has the most effect to pupils attitude. Success experiences supports pupils` positive attitude.