Browsing by Subject "organizations"

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  • Kehn, Carolyn (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    Gender in the military is a critical yet controversial topic both socially and scholastically. However, in review of the literature regarding servicemembers’ transitions out of the military organization, the experience of women is often excluded or generalized from the experience of their male peers. This thesis applies a gender constructivist lens to military sociology and explores the narratives of women officers who have served in the Finnish Defence Forces. It adapted the Critical Incident Technique, as well as graphic elicitation, to conduct qualitative interviews with five respondents. Subsequent analysis revealed four types of critical events that illustrate entry into and exit from the Finnish Defence Forces during a career: prompting, retaining, bridging, and affirming events. These events, as well as participants’ descriptions of identity work, cannot be understood merely through factors relating to the Institutional/Occupational Thesis, but necessitate an understanding of the negotiation of gender throughout a career in the Finnish Defence Forces. The conclusions of this work refute the simplified perspective of gender equality in Finland and demand a gender-nuanced approach to future theoretical conceptualizations of military organizations, as well as the identities of individual servicemembers.
  • Rinkinen, Ilmo (Suomen metsätieteellinen seura, 1968)
  • Piesanen, Anne (Helsingfors universitet, 2010)
    The purpose of this study was to examine the organization's history in Finland especially from the perspective of crafts. Period under review is on the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. I have called this organization as a craft activism. The purpose of this research was to illustrate the importance of the organization in crafts. In previous studies craft is not usually connected to activism. The purpose was to determine the identity of craft activists and the manifestations of what kind of activism was reflected. Furthermore, the study was to shed light on history of the Craft Museum of Finland of its early decades. The study is a historical study with view of craft science. History as a science is suitable to use in the context of craft science. Historical research is the interpretations of explanations for traces of human activity as well as issues and phenomena in the relations between weighting. Craft Science is also examining of the relationship with the human world, so the historical perspective to the selection is well suited to study of craft science. The material for the study is the protocols and the other archival sources from Craft Museum's and The Finnish society of Crafts and Design's collection. Study has also material from news papers. The study shows that the crafts have been a diverse operation as an integral part of the organization, which began to develop in the 1800s in Finland. The craft has had a significant role, particularly in those organizations where actors have been women. Especially women, craft has been a natural approach, which in the late 1800s also harnessed to the needs of the society. The Craft has established many organizations and it was an important strategy in many philanthropy associations. Craft activism associated with substantially the museum and exhibition activity and industrialization was the key factor in that activity. Industrialization demand marketing channels, through which the exhibitions were intended to answer. On the other hand, the exhibitions reflected the educational motives and through them sought to improve craft skills and cottage industry beside of factory industry. Craft is an integral part of historical research, as it has been important part of people's everyday life for centuries. Nevertheless, there are little historical studies which have done from the perspective of the craft. Usually craft occurs as a part of economy or politics. Also organization activities have not been studied lot of the perspective of craft. Craft science leaves the opportunity to expand on these points to historical studies.
  • Kulathinal, Sangita; Joseph, Bijoy; Säävälä, Minna (2019)
    Background: Researchers and activists have expressed concerns over the lack of availability and nonuse of reversible, modern, contraceptive methods in India for decades. New attempts to increase access, availability, and acceptance of reversible contraceptives need to be developed, instead of relying solely on female sterilization. Mobile health (mHealth) initiatives may offer one way to serve underprivileged populations who face challenges in sexual and reproductive health (SRH) in countries such as India. Objective: This study aimed to examine the outcome of an mHealth intervention for enhancing knowledge of, and practices related to, reversible contraceptives in rural Western India. Methods: We implemented a nonrandomized controlled trial (before-and-after study in an intervention area and a control area) in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The intervention in this case was a mobile-based SRH helpline provided by a nongovernmental organization (NGO). Baseline and follow-up surveys were carried out in two government-run primary health center areas, one each in the intervention and control area, and 405 respondents were surveyed in the two rounds. An interview-based structured questionnaire suitable for a low-literacy environment was used to collect data. The effect of the intervention was estimated using logistic regression, adjusted for gender, by calculating robust standard errors to take into account the clustering of individuals by the area (intervention or control). In each regression model, the effect of intervention was estimated by including a term for interaction between the intervention area and the period before and after the intervention. The exponent of the regression coefficient of the interaction term corresponding to the period after the intervention, along with the 95% CI, is reported here. The odds ratio for the control village multiplied by this exponent gives the odds ratio for the intervention village. Calls received in the intervention were recorded and their topics analyzed. Results: The current use of reversible contraception (18% increase in intervention area vs 2% increase in control area; 95% CI) has seen changes. The proportion of respondents who had heard of contraception methods from an NGO rose in the intervention area by 23% whereas it decreased in the control area by 1% (95% CI). However, the general level of awareness of reversible contraception, shown by the first contraceptive method that came to respondents' mind, did not improve. Demand for wider SRH information beyond contraception was high. Men and adolescents, in addition to married women, made use of the helpline. Conclusions: A mobile helpline that one can confidentially approach at a time most convenient to the client can help provide necessary information and support to those who need reversible contraception or other sexual health information. Services that integrate mHealth in a context-sensitive way to other face-to-face health care services add value to SRH services in rural India
  • Paakkanen, Miia; Martela, Frank; Pessi , Anne (2021)
    In order to capitalize on positive emotions at work and build high-quality interpersonal relationships and psychological safety, it is important that coworkers respond to each other’s positive emotions in a constructive and validating way. However, despite the importance of symmetrical emotion regulation outcomes, organizational research has largely overlooked how an employee can positively respond to coworkers’ positive emotions. Existing research has concentrated almost exclusively on negative ways of responding, with a particular focus on envy. This article develops a theoretical model of employees’ positive responses to coworkers’ positive emotional experiences, introduced here as a validating response. We identify four steps – noticing, sensemaking, feeling, and acting – and the key mechanisms within each step that enable a responder to react in a validating way. We connect the validating response to important potential individual and organizational outcomes. These outcomes include improved relationship quality and trust, as well as increased positivity and well-being that can result in enhanced learning behavior and collaboration. This article also discusses the connection between a validating response and compassion. We identify them both as parallel affirmative processes that acknowledge a coworker’s emotions, with the former being a response to positive emotion while the latter is a response to negative emotion.
  • Holopainen, Viljo; Nyyssönen, Aarne; Osara, N. A.; Hämäläinen, Jouko; Donner, K. O. (Suomen metsätieteellinen seura, 1984)
    An anniversary publication comprising 3 invited articles: The Society of Forestry in Finland during the period of active science and forest policy; International connections of Finnish forestry research; and World forestry: some trends and prospects.