Browsing by Subject "osallistuva budjetointi"

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  • Hautala, Tommi (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    Compared to the previous decades, Helsinki has grown substantially during the 2010's, both in terms of it's population and total floor area. When the city becomes more tightly built year by year and the urbanization process intensifies, so too does the profit cycle of the capital. In these conditions, the voice of the people living in these urban areas becomes even more crucial and questions of how and on whose terms these areas are developedrise to the forefront of urban development. Legitimacy of the current system and administration, development of new participatory policies and responsible use of money all are connected to benefit from active civil society. New experiments and methods of citizen participation have been tested in Finland more frequently since the early 2000's, participatory budgeting being one of morerecent ones. Helsinki's participatory budgeting, titled OmaStadi, started 2018 and was the first large scale use of participatory budgeting process in Finland. Originally developed in Brazil during the 1980's, participatory budgeting gives fiscal and decision responsibility to the residents of the city.In OmaStadi, people can through the Internet plan, propose and vote what kind of projects they want to use money for. Process should be executed yearly with budget of 4,4 million euros. Distributing money based on activity of the residents raises questions of how just and fairly resources are allocated to areas inside the city. Do projects clusters on areas, who are populated by people with high cultural or social capital or who are otherwise in strong position socioeconomically? Or does especially lower middle class find participatory budgeting like it has been in some other countries? The goal of this thesis and stydy is to findout how votes, projects and money are spatially distributed between different areas, using GIS data and statistical methods. Although the main finding of this study is that number or price of projects or number of votes are as a rule not tied to local socioeconomical status, there are some weak signs that point that few certain variablesmight affect these. For example, more projects were proposed to areas where portion of young adults and people living in rental homes was higher. Finding more reliable results requires broader and more extensive study. When OmaStadi becomes more established method in urban planning, project managers should take care that funds are not used to compliment projects that city should take care of anyway. If that becomes the case, OmaStadi shouldalternatively be expanded monetarily, if city of Helsinkiseeks same positive benefits which have been observed in other cities around the world.
  • Saloranta, Pauli (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    This Master’s thesis is a study of the basis and nature of participatory budgeting in the City of Helsinki, called OmaStadi, in context of international participatory budgeting models. My task is to find specific qualities in Helsinki’s participatory budgeting solution, recognise its model and, if possible, name it. Deliberative democratic theory serves as background. Other central concepts are involvement, engagement, participation and light participation. By nature this thesis is a case study with the city's decision documents as main body of material, supplemented with expert interviews. Background chapter describes discovery of participatory budgeting in Brazil’s Porto Alegre in the 1980’s and diffusion around the world in various versions. I leave for further investigation my observation that the method was already known earlier in the fields of financial management and school management. In Finnish circumstances participatory budgeting combines long known functions of citizens’ right of initiative, joint planning and public referendum in a new way. Participatory budgeting arrived in Helsinki earlier than is usually known. In the years 1999–2011 city schools implemented targeted pedagogical participatory budgeting as a part of youth participation program ”Hesan Nuorten Ääni” following the model of Norway’s city of Porsgrunn. Also unit level participatory budgeting has been tried out, with notable examples of a pilot in the New Central Library Project and the operating model of Maunula House culture and community centre. Present enseble of participatory budgetings in Helsinki consists of four complementary parts: 1) School-specific ”Ruuti-raha”, 2) youth work unit level ”RuutiBudjetti”, together with OmaStadi processes in 3) seven major districts and 4) the whole city. Specific qualities in the OmaStadi model are coequal individual participation and intensive involvement in planning. OmaStadi does not constitute new representative elements like the internationally noted Porto Alegre model and nearest reference point, Helsinki's youth work RuutiBudjetti do. Compared to internationally noted achetypes of participatory budgeting, Helsinki’s solution is a hybrid combining features from different models while emphasizing the co-development phase to which time is invested generously from both the citizen proposers as well as the city’s experts. This way, for a moment, the citizens themselves become part of the administration.
  • Kopomaa, Timo Matti; Salin, Ossi (2018)
    In this article, we examine the social meaning of participatory citizenship by using qualitative methods. In the core of our case study was participatory budgeting organized in Espoo Center district. The aim of the city officials was to support the local activity and identify the potentials of urban development through an idea competition. There was also an interest to pilot a procedure of resident participation. In the study, four local people and six experts, who had been taking part in participatory budgeting in Helsinki Metropolitan area, were interviewed. Also, observations in situ were made to affirm the comprehension on the roles of stakeholders in urban planning and development, and to pay attention to both the possibilities and the restrictions of the current and future negotiations for the real smart city.
  • Riikonen, Anniina (Helsingin yliopisto, 2021)
    Tässä pro gradu -tutkielmassa tarkastellaan nuorten kokemuksia osallistumisesta Helsingin kaupungin osallistuvaan budjetointiin, eli OmaStadiin. OmaStadissa jo 12-vuotiaat voivat osallistua kaupungin varojen käytöstä päättämiseen. Tutkimusongelma kumpuaa nuorten poliittisessa osallistumisessa havaituista haasteista, kuten muuta väestöä vähemmän aktiivisesta vaaliosallistumisesta. OmaStadissa nuoret osallistuivat kaupungin väestöstä kaikkein aktiivisimmin äänestykseen. Tutkimus pyrkii selvittämään, onko OmaStadissa tekijöitä, jotka herättävät nuorissa intoa poliittiseen osallistumiseen ja jos on, niin mitä nämä tekijät ovat. Poliittisen osallistumisen tutkimuksessa sisäinen ja ulkoinen kansalaispätevyys sekä poliittinen kiinnostuneisuus ovat olennaisia poliittisen kiinnittyneisyyden osa-alueita, joiden on myös havaittu olevan yhteydessä poliittiseen osallistumiseen. Sisäinen kansalaispätevyys kertoo, miten henkilö kokee pystyvänsä ja osaavansa vaikuttaa poliittisessa järjestelmässä. Ulkoinen kansalaispätevyys taas kuvastaa, miten henkilö kokee poliittisen järjestelmän kuuntelevan kansalaisia. Poliittinen kiinnostuneisuus puolestaan kuvastaa henkilön valmiutta poliittiseen toimintaan ja kiinnostuneisuutta poliittisiin asioihin. Tässä tutkimuksessa tarkastellaan, onko osallisuus OmaStadissa herättänyt tuntemuksia, joiden perusteella prosessin voi olettaa tuottavan positiivisia vaikutuksia kyseenomaisiin asenteisiin. Jos havaitaan, että OmaStadi mahdollisesti edistää kansalaispätevyyttä tai poliittista kiinnostuneisuutta, OmaStadin voi nähdä tuke-van myös nuorten poliittista osallistumista. OmaStadia tarkastellaan tutkimuksessa myös poliittisen sosialisaation keinona. Tutkimuksen pääasiallinen aineisto on 14 peruskoululaiselta kerätyt teemahaastattelut. Nuorten kokemusten perusteella on mahdollista, että OmaStadi tukee eri tavoin nuorten sisäistä ja ulkoista kansalaispätevyyttä sekä poliittista kiinnostuneisuutta. Toisaalta aineisto paljasti myös monia tekijöitä, joiden osalta nuorten osallistaminen prosessissa olisi voinut olla kattavampaa. OmaStadin toteutuksessa hyödynnettiin aineiston perusteella monia poliittista sosialisaatiota tukevia tekijöitä. Varovaisena johtopäätöksenä tehdään, että prosessi voisi toimia paremmin poliittisen sosialisaation keinona sekä tukea kansalaispätevyyttä ja kiinnostuneisuutta, jos prosessin yhteydessä olisi paremmat mahdollisuudet oppia ja ymmärtää prosessisia sekä kommunikoida prosessista vertaisten kanssa.
  • Nyroos, Erik (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    Participatory budgeting is one of the major democratic innovations of the recent decades. This participatory method from Brazil has been started to actively utilize in Finnish municipalities during 2010s. The basic idea of this methodology is that citizens can together decide how to use public assets. The goal of this thesis is to understand how participatory budgeting can have an impact on ecological sustainability in Finland. I’m focusing on the proposals of participatory budgeting which the citizens have voted for to be implemented. Research material has been collected from public online sources on all the Finnish participatory budgeting projects. Some of these projects have been excluded as they do not fulfill the characteristics of participatory budgeting. The material is analyzed using content analysis, building categories, themes and types. There are three key findings in this thesis. First, participatory budgeting has created ecologically sustainable solutions, but sustainability has been an unintended by-product. Proposals concerning environment focus primarily on people’s living environment. Second, the changes are minor, and individuals are the ones carrying the responsibility for the sustainability. Third, the means how proposals are carried out influences ecological sustainability. Here, municipal authorities have a significant role. Finnish participatory budgeting projects therefore have the chance to create ecologically sustainable proposals. However, the capability is limited by both small, project specific budgets and processes that do not acknowledge ecological sustainability. In the long run, the changes might be more significant as participatory budgeting still is relatively new method in Finnish society.