Browsing by Subject "outcome"

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  • Mäkitie, Antti; Kamali, Alexander; Mroueh, Rayan; Lindford, Andrew; Koivunen, Petri; Autio, Timo; Lassus, Patrik; Halle, Martin; Bäck, Leif; Palmgren, Björn; Hammarstedt-Nordenvall, Lalle (2020)
    Background and aims: Stage II cancer of the tongue is mostly managed surgically both locally and regionally. However, indications for postoperative radiotherapy and reconstructive options vary between centers. This paper aims to describe differences in treatment in a geographically homogenous cohort. Methods: A retrospective comparison was made between two cohorts of clinical T2N0 tongue cancer from Finland and Sweden. The Finnish cohort included 75 patients and the Swedish 54. All patients had curative intent of treatment and no previous head and neck cancer. Data analyzed consisted of pathological stage, size and thickness of tumor, frequency of reconstruction, radiotherapy delivered, and survival. Results: The Finnish cohort included a higher proportion of patients managed with reconstructive surgery (67%) than the Swedish cohort (0%), p <.00001. More patients were treated with postoperative radiotherapy (84%) in the Swedish cohort than in the Finnish (54%), p <.0002. The Finnish cohort had a higher level of survival and included more frequent downstaging (cTNM to pTNM).
  • Salminen, Liina; Braicu, Elena Ioana; Laaperi, Mitja; Jylha, Antti; Oksa, Sinikka; Hietanen, Sakari; Sehouli, Jalid; Kulbe, Hagen; du Bois, Andreas; Mahner, Sven; Harter, Philipp; Carpen, Olli; Huhtinen, Kaisa; Hynninen, Johanna; Hilvo, Mika (2021)
    Simple Summary Most ovarian cancer patients initially show a response to primary treatments, but the development of refractory disease is a major problem. Currently, there are no blood-based prognostic biomarkers, and the prognosis of a patient is determined by the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage and residual disease after cytoreductive surgery. In this study, we developed and validated a novel test based on the ratio of two circulatory lipids that enables the prognostic stratification of ovarian cancer patients at the time of diagnosis, prior to any oncological treatments. The translational relevance of this test is to find those patients with poor prognosis early on, and to identify patients that are at high risk of recurrence despite complete cytoreduction. Thus, the test enables the early direction of novel targeted therapies to those ovarian cancer patients at greatest risk of recurrence and death. Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) generally responds well to oncological treatments, but the eventual development of a refractory disease is a major clinical problem. Presently, there are no prognostic blood-based biomarkers for the stratification of EOC patients at the time of diagnosis. We set out to assess and validate the prognostic utility of a novel two-lipid signature, as the lipidome is known to be markedly aberrant in EOC patients. The study consisted of 499 women with histologically confirmed EOC that were prospectively recruited at the university hospitals in Turku (Finland) and Charite (Berlin, Germany). Lipidomic screening by tandem liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was performed for all baseline serum samples of these patients, and additionally for 20 patients of the Turku cohort at various timepoints. A two-lipid signature, based on the ratio of the ceramide Cer(d18:1/18:0) and phosphatidylcholine PC(O-38:4), showed consistent prognostic performance in all investigated study cohorts. In the Turku cohort, the unadjusted hazard ratios (HRs) per standard deviation (SD) (95% confidence interval) were 1.79 (1.40, 2.29) for overall and 1.40 (1.14, 1.71) for progression-free survival. In a Charite cohort incorporating only stage III completely resected patients, the corresponding HRs were 1.59 (1.08, 2.35) and 1.53 (1.02, 2.30). In linear-mixed models predicting progression of the disease, the two-lipid signature showed higher performance (beta per SD increase 1.99 (1.38, 2.97)) than cancer antigen 125 (CA-125, 1.78 (1.13, 2.87)). The two-lipid signature was able to identify EOC patients with an especially poor prognosis at the time of diagnosis, and also showed promise for the detection of disease relapse.
  • Luukkainen, Veera; Kivekäs, Ilkka; Silvola, Juha; Jero, Jussi; Sinkkonen, Saku T. (2018)
    Balloon Eustachian tuboplasty (BET) aims to improve the function of the Eustachian tube (ET). The objective of this study was to review the long-term outcome of BET and present the process and results of outlining indications for BET by the Finnish Otosurgical Society. The literature review is based on a database search performed in May 2017. The search resulted in 100 individual articles, which were screened for relevance. Five articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria (follow-up >= 12 months). Five additional articles (follow-up, 6-11 months) were analyzed to obtain supportive information. The proposed BET indications were constituted in the 2016 annual meeting of the Finnish Otosurgical Society. The workshop included a review of the Eustachian tube physiology, middle ear aeration mechanisms, and BET outcome studies. Thereafter, the members of the Society first voted and then discussed 14 cases in order to conclude whether BET was indicated in each case, and subsequently, a consensus statement on the indications for BET was outlined. The long-term follow-up studies were heterogeneous regarding the Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) definition, patient selection, follow-up duration, additional treatments, and outcome measures. The current, but limited, evidence suggests that BET is effective in the long-term. However, more long-term studies with uniform criteria and outcome measures as well as placebo-controlled studies are needed. The proposed indications for BET by the Finnish Otosurgical Society include chronic bothersome symptoms referring to ETD, ETD-related symptoms when pressure changes rapidly, or recurring serous otitis media. With the current evidence, we suggest treating only adults with BET.
  • Sykora, M.; Putaala, J.; Meretoja, A.; Tatlisumak, T.; Strbian, D. (2018)
    BackgroundBeta-blocker therapy has been suggested to have neuroprotective properties in the setting of acute stroke; however, the evidence is weak and contradictory. We aimed to examine the effects of pre-admission therapy with beta-blockers (BB) on the mortality following spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). MethodsRetrospective analysis of the Helsinki ICH Study database. ResultsA total of 1013 patients with ICH were included in the analysis. Patients taking BB were significantly older, had a higher premorbid mRS score, had more DNR orders, and more comorbidities as atrial fibrillation, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, ischemic heart disease, and heart failure. After adjustment for age, pre-existing comorbidities, and prior use of antithrombotic and antihypertensive medications, no differences in in-hospital mortality (OR 1.1, 95% CI 0.8-1.7), 12-month mortality (OR 1.3, 95% CI 0.9-1.9), and 3-month mortality (OR 1.2, 95% CI 0.8-1.7) emerged. ConclusionPre-admission use of BB was not associated with mortality after ICH.
  • Oulasvirta, Elias; Koroknay-Pál, Päivi; Hafez, Ahmad; Elseoud, Ahmed Abou; Lehto, Hanna; Laakso, Aki (Helsingin yliopisto, 2017)
    BACKGROUND: Population-based long-term data on pediatric patients with cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are limited. OBJECTIVE: To clarify the characteristics and long-term outcome of pediatric patients with AVM. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 805 consecutive brain AVM patients admitted to a single center between 1942 and 2014. The patients were defined as children if they were under 18 yr at admission. Children were compared to an adult cohort. Changing patterns of presentation were also analyzed by decades of admission. RESULTS: The patients comprised 127 children with a mean age of 12 yr. The mean follow-up time was 21 yr (range 0-62). Children presented more often with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) but less often with epilepsy than adults. Basal ganglia, cerebellar, and posterior paracallosal AVMs were more common in pediatric than in adult patients. Frontal and temporal AVMs, in contrast, were more common in adult than in pediatric patients. As the number of incidentally and epilepsy-diagnosed AVMs increased, ICH rates dropped in both cohorts. In total, 22 (82%) pediatric and 108 (39%) adult deaths were assessed as AVM related. After multivariate analysis, small AVM size and surgical treatment correlated with a favorable long-term outcome. CONCLUSION: Hemorrhagic presentation was more common in children than in adults. This was also reflected as lower prevalence of epileptic presentation in the pediatric cohort. Lobar and cortical AVM locations were less frequent, whereas deep and cerebellar AVMs were more common in children. Hemorrhagic presentation correlated negatively with incidentally and epilepsy-diagnosed AVMs. In children, AVM was a major cause of death, but in adults, other factors contributed more commonly to mortality.
  • Raissadati, Alireza; Haukka, Jari; Pätilä, Tommi; Nieminen, Heta; Jokinen, Eero (2020)
    Background Postoperative morbidity is an increasingly important outcome measure of patients who have undergone congenital heart surgery (CHS). We examined late postoperative morbidity after CHS on the basis of patients' government-issued medical special reimbursement rights. Methods and Results Between 1953 and 2009, 10 635 patients underwent CHS at Conclusions Chronic cardiac and noncardiac sequelae are common after CHS regardless of the severity of the defect, underscoring the importance of long-term follow-up of all patients after CHS.
  • Ritvonen, Juhani; Sairanen, Tiina; Silvennoinen, Heli; Virtanen, Pekka; Salonen, Oili; Lindsberg, Perttu J.; Strbian, Daniel (2021)
    Background: Around 30-60% of patients with basilar artery occlusion (BAO) present with coma, which is often considered as a hallmark of poor prognosis. Aim: To examine factors that will help predict outcomes in patients with BAO comatose on admission. Methods: A total of 312 patients with angiography-proven BAO were analyzed. Comas were assessed as Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of Results: In total, 103/259 (39.8%) of BAO patients were comatose on admission. Factors associated with acute coma were higher age, coronary artery disease, convulsions, extent of early ischemia by posterior circulation Acute Stroke Prognosis Early CT Score (pc-ASPECTS) < 8, absence of patent posterior collateral vasculature, and occlusion over multiple segments of BA. A total of 21/103 (20.4%) of comatose patients had a favorable outcome (mRS 0-3), and 12/103 (11.7%) had a good outcome (mRS 0-2). Factors associated with a favorable outcome in comatose BAO patients were younger age (p = 0.010), less extensive baseline ischemia (p = 0.027), recanalization (p = 0.013), and avoiding symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) (p = 0.038). Factors associated with the poorest outcome or death (mRS 5-6) were older age (p = 0.001), diabetes (p = 0.022), atrial fibrillation (p = 0.016), lower median GCS [4 (IQR 3.6) vs. 6 (5-8); p = 0.006], pc-ASPECTS < 8 (p = 0.003), unsuccessful recanalization (p = 0.006), and sICH (p = 0.010). Futile recanalization (mRS 4-6) was significantly more common in comatose patients (49.4 vs. 18.5%, p < 0.001). Conclusions: One in five BAO patients with acute coma had a favorable outcome. Older patients with cardiovascular comorbidities and already existing ischemic lesions before reperfusion therapies tended to have a poor prognosis, especially if no recanalization is achieved and sICH occurred.
  • Auvinen, Raija; Nohynek, Hanna; Syrjänen, Ritva; Ollgren, Jukka; Kerttula, Tuija; Mäntylä, Jarkko; Ikonen, Niina; Loginov, Raisa; Haveri, Anu; Kurkela, Satu; Skogberg, Kirsi (2021)
    Background We compared the clinical characteristics, findings, and outcomes of hospitalized patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) or influenza to detect relevant differences. Methods From December 2019 to April 2020, we recruited all eligible hospitalized adults with respiratory infection to a prospective observational study at a tertiary care hospital in Finland. Influenza and SARS-CoV-2 infections were confirmed by RT-PCR. Follow-up lasted for 3 months from admission. Results We included 61 patients, of whom 28 were COVID-19 and 33 influenza patients with median ages of 53 and 56 years. Majority of both COVID-19 and influenza patients were men (61% vs. 67%) and had at least one comorbidity (68% vs. 85%). Pulmonary diseases and current smoking were less common among COVID-19 than influenza patients (5 [18%] vs. 15 [45%], p=.03 and 1 [4%] vs. 10 [30%], p=.008). In chest X-ray at admission, ground-glass opacities (GGOs) and consolidations were more frequent among COVID-19 than influenza patients (19 [68%] and 7 [21%], p.001). Severe disease and intensive care unit (ICU) admission occurred more often among COVID-19 than influenza patients (26 [93%] vs. 19 [58%], p=.003 and 8 [29%] vs. 2 [6%], p=.034). COVID-19 patients were hospitalized longer than influenza patients (six days [IQR 4-21] vs. 3 [2-4], p.001). Conclusions Bilateral GGOs and consolidations in chest X-ray may help to differentiate COVID-19 from influenza. Hospitalized COVID-19 patients had more severe disease, required longer hospitalization and were admitted to ICU more often than influenza patients, which has important implications for public health policies.
  • Marttila, E.; Thoren, H.; Törnwall, J.; Viitikko, A.; Wilkman, T. (2018)
    The aim of this retrospective study was to analyse the incidence of complications and loss of flaps after primary reconstructions for oral cancer in 191 patients at our hospital over the five years 2005-2010. The patients' clinical and personal details, characteristics of the tumours, types of microvascular flap, complications, and outcomes were recorded. The soft tissue flaps used most often were the fasciocutaneous radial forearm free flap (RFFF) (n = 86, 45%) and the anterolateral thigh free flap (ALTFF) (n = 48, 25%) while the most commonly used osseous flap was the deep circumflex iliac artery flap (DCIA) (n = 25, 13%). There were postoperative complications that required intervention in a quarter of the patients, most often in the age group 41-50 years (p = 0.018). Older age was not associated with the development of complications. The overall survival of all free flaps was 181/191 (95%), and the only significant individual predictor of loss of a flap was reconstruction with a DCIA (p = 0.016), five of the 25 of which were lost. We conclude therefore that DCIA free flaps are associated with an increased risk of failure; the method of osseous reconstruction for maxillofacial reconstruction should be selected carefully; and carefully chosen older patients do not seem to be at increased risk of morbidity. (C) 2018 The British Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Tapper, Julius (Helsingfors universitet, 2015)
    The role of decompressive craniectomy as a cure in traumatic brain injuries has been widely been discussed. Therefore our aim was to assess the independent effect of decompressive craniectomy the outcome and mortality of the patient. We conducted an open-cohort retrospective study on adult blunt TBI patients. Patients were divided into three groups; conservative treatment, acute craniotomy and mass lesion evacuation (craniotomy) and decompressive craniectomy. Outcome was assessed using Glasgow Outcome Scale and overall mortality six months after the operation. The adjusted multivariate analysis did not show an independent association between decompressive craniectomy and mortality. Decompressive craniectomy prooved to be an independent risk factor for poor neurological outcome with an OR of 3.06. In conclusion, operating TBI patients with decompressive craniectomy was found to be a life-saving intervention for patients who in other cases were destined to die. For stronger evidence this subject needs more research of a prospective type.
  • Thrombolysis Stroke Patients TRISP; Altersberger, Valerian L.; Kellert, Lars; Martinez-Majander, Nicolas; Tiainen, Marjaana; Räty, Silja; Sibolt, Gerli; Curtze, Sami; Gensicke, Henrik (2020)
    Introduction Alterations in haemoglobin levels are frequent in stroke patients. The prognostic meaning of anaemia and polyglobulia on outcomes in patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis is ambiguous. Patients and methods In this prospective multicentre, intravenous thrombolysis register-based study, we compared haemoglobin levels on hospital admission with three-month poor outcome (modified Rankin Scale 3-6), mortality and symptomatic intracranial haemorrhage (European Cooperative Acute Stroke Study II-criteria (ECASS-II-criteria)). Haemoglobin level was used as continuous and categorical variable distinguishing anaemia (female: 15.5 g/dl; male: >17 g/dl). Anaemia was subdivided into mild and moderate/severe (female/male:
  • Huhtakangas, Juha; Tetri, Sami; Juvela, Seppo; Saloheimo, Pertti; Bode, Michaela K.; Hillbom, Matti (2011)
  • CLOTBUST-ER Trial Investigators; Alexandrov, Andrei V.; Tsivgoulis, Georgios; Köhrmann, Martin; Soinne, Lauri; Schellinger, Peter D. (2019)
    Background: Results of our recently published phase III randomized clinical trial of ultrasound-enhanced thrombolysis (sonothrombolysis) using an operator-independent, high frequency ultrasound device revealed heterogeneity of patient recruitment among centers. Methods: We performed a post hoc analysis after excluding subjects that were recruited at centers reporting a decline in the balance of randomization between sonothrombolysis and concurrent endovascular trials. Results: From a total of 676 participants randomized in the CLOTBUST-ER trial we identified 52 patients from 7 centers with perceived equipoise shift in favor of endovascular treatment. Post hoc sensitivity analysis in the intention-to-treat population adjusted for age, National Institutes of Health Scale score at baseline, time from stroke onset to tPA bolus and baseline serum glucose showed a significant (p <0.01) interaction of perceived endovascular equipoise shift on the association between sonothrombolysis and 3 month functional outcome [adjusted common odds ratio (cOR) in centers with perceived endovascular equipoise shift: 0.22, 95% CI 0.06-0.75; p = 0.02; adjusted cOR for centers without endovascular equipoise shift: 1.20, 95% CI 0.89-1.62; p = 0.24)]. After excluding centers with perceived endovascular equipoise shift, patients randomized to sonothrombolysis had higher odds of 3 month functional independence (mRS scores 0-2) compared with patients treated with tPA only (adjusted OR: 1.53; 95% CI 1.01-2.31; p = 0.04). Conclusion: Our experience in CLOTBUST-ER indicates that increasing implementation of endovascular therapies across major academic stroke centers raises significant challenges for clinical trials aiming to test noninterventional or adjuvant reperfusion strategies.
  • AANZDEM Study Grp; EURODEM Study Grp; Laribi, Said; Harjola, Veli-Pekka (2019)
    Objective The primary objective of this study was to describe the epidemiology and management of dyspneic patients presenting to emergency departments (EDs) in an international patient population. Our secondary objective was to compare the EURODEM and AANZDEM patient populations. Patients and methods An observational prospective cohort study was carried out in Europe and the Asia-Pacific region. The study included consecutive patients presenting to EDs with dyspnea as the main complaint. Data were collected on demographics, comorbidities, chronic treatment, clinical signs and investigations, treatment in the ED, diagnosis, and disposition from ED. Results A total of 5569 patients were included in the study. The most common ED diagnoses were lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) (24.9%), heart failure (HF) (17.3%), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbation (15.8%), and asthma (10.5%) in the overall population. There were more LRTI, HF, and COPD exacerbations in the EURODEM population, whereas asthma was more frequent in the AANZDEM population. ICU admission rates were 5.5%. ED mortality was 0.6%. The overall in-hospital mortality was 5.0%. In-hospital mortality rates were 8.7% for LRTI, 7.6% for HF, and 5.6% for COPD patients. Conclusion Dyspnea as a symptom in the ED has high ward and ICU admission rates. A variety of causes of dyspnea were observed in this study, with chronic diseases accounting for a major proportion.
  • Wardlaw, Joanna M; Debette, Stephanie; Jokinen, Hanna; De Leeuw, Frank-Erik; Pantoni, Leonardo; Chabriat, Hugues; Staals, Julie; Doubal, Fergus; Rudilosso, Salvatore; Eppinger, Sebastian; Schilling, Sabrina; Ornello, Raffaele; Enzinger, Christian; Cordonnier, Charlotte; Taylor-Rowan, Martin; Lindgren, Arne G. (2021)
    'Covert' cerebral small vessel disease (ccSVD) is common on neuroimaging in persons without overt neurological manifestations, and increases the risk of future stroke, cognitive impairment, dependency, and death. These European Stroke Organisation (ESO) guidelines provide evidence-based recommendations to assist with clinical decisions about management of ccSVD, specifically white matter hyperintensities and lacunes, to prevent adverse clinical outcomes. The guidelines were developed according to ESO standard operating procedures and Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) methodology. We prioritised the clinical outcomes of stroke, cognitive decline or dementia, dependency, death, mobility and mood disorders, and interventions of blood pressure lowering, antiplatelet drugs, lipid lowering, lifestyle modifications, glucose lowering and conventional treatments for dementia. We systematically reviewed the literature, assessed the evidence, formulated evidence-based recommendations where feasible, and expert consensus statements. We found little direct evidence, mostly of low quality. We recommend patients with ccSVD and hypertension to have their blood pressure well controlled; lower blood pressure targets may reduce ccSVD progression. We do not recommend antiplatelet drugs such as aspirin in ccSVD. We found little evidence on lipid lowering in ccSVD. Smoking cessation is a health priority. We recommend regular exercise which may benefit cognition, and a healthy diet, good sleep habits, avoiding obesity and stress for general health reasons. In ccSVD, we found no evidence for glucose control in the absence of diabetes or for conventional Alzheimer dementia treatments. Randomised controlled trials with clinical endpoints are a priority for ccSVD.
  • Kask, G.; Barner-Rasmussen, I.; Repo, J.; Blomqvist, C.; Tukiainen, E. (2019)
    Background and Aims: The present standard of care in treating lower extremity soft tissue sarcomas is function-sparing, limb-preserving resection and reconstruction with or without oncological therapy. The aim of this pilot study was to test the suitability and adequacy of the Finnish translations of two functional outcome questionnaires (Toronto Extremity Salvage Score and Musculoskeletal Tumor Society score) and to perform a preliminary investigation of functional outcomes of Finnish lower-limb soft tissue sarcoma patients after operative treatment. Materials and Methods: Between June 2015 and December 2015, consecutive surgically treated outpatients were asked to participate in the study. Demographic, clinical, surgical, and oncological outcome data were collected. Two functional outcome questionnaires were used (Toronto Extremity Salvage Score and Musculoskeletal Tumor Society scores). A comparative analysis is presented. Results: A total of 19 lower-limb soft tissue sarcoma patients with a mean follow-up time of 2 years and 10 months were included. All (n = 19) invited patients participated in the study. Mean age was 62.3 years. In total, 13 had high-grade sarcomas. Eight wounds were closed directly, four used skin grafts, and five required flap reconstructions. One patient required a tumor prosthesis, and one required a rotationplasty. A total of 14 patients received oncological therapy. No problems or difficulties were reported in using and completing the Finnish versions of the Toronto Extremity Salvage Score or Musculoskeletal Tumor Society questionnaires. The overall Toronto Extremity Salvage Score and Musculoskeletal Tumor Society scores were 88 and 76, respectively. Conclusion: This pilot study suggests that the Finnish versions of the Toronto Extremity Salvage Score and Musculoskeletal Tumor Society questionnaires are suitable for measuring functional outcome after lower extremity soft tissue sarcomas treatment. Functional outcomes vary from moderate to excellent.
  • the AANZDEM and EuroDEM study groups; Kelly, Anne-Maree; Van Meer, Oene; Laribi, Said (2020)
    Background: Exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are common in emergency departments (ED). Guidelines recommend administration of inhaled bronchodilators, systemic corticosteroids and antibiotics along with non-invasive ventilation (NIV) for patients with respiratory acidosis. Aim: To determine compliance with guideline recommendations for patients treated for COPD in ED in Europe (EUR) and South East Asia/Australasia (SEA) and to compare management and outcomes. Methods: In each region, an observational prospective cohort study was performed that included patients presenting to ED with the main complaint of dyspnoea during three 72-h periods. This planned sub-study included those with an ED primary discharge diagnosis of COPD. Data were collected on demographics, clinical features, treatment, disposition and in-hospital mortality. We determined overall compliance with guideline recommendations and compared treatments and outcome between regions. Results: A total of 801 patients was included from 122 ED (66 EUR and 46 SEA). Inhaled bronchodilators were administered to 80.3% of patients, systemic corticosteroids to 59.5%, antibiotics to 44 and 60.6% of patients with pH Conclusion: Compliance with guideline recommended treatments, in particular administration of corticosteroids and NIV, was sub-optimal in both regions. Improved compliance has the potential to improve patient outcome.
  • Imperial Coll Longon; Lindgren, Antti; Burt, Sarah; Turner, Ellie Bragan; Meretoja, Atte; Lee, Jin-Moo; Hemmen, Thomas M.; Alberts, Mark; Lemmens, Robin; Vergouwen, Mervyn D. I.; Rinkel, Gabriel J. E. (2019)
    Background Inverse association between hospital case-volume and case-fatality has been observed for various nonsurgical interventions and surgical procedures. Aims To study the impact of hospital case-volume on outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). Methods We included aSAH patients who underwent aneurysm coiling or clipping from tertiary care medical centers across three continents using the Dr Foster Stroke GOAL database 2007-2014. Hospitals were categorized by annual case-volume (low volume: 70/year). Primary outcome was 14-day in-hospital case-fatality. We calculated proportions, and used multiple logistic regression to adjust for age, sex, differences in comorbidity or disease severity, aneurysm treatment modality, and hospital. Results We included 8525 patients (2363 treated in low volume hospitals, 3563 treated in intermediate volume hospitals, and 2599 in high-volume hospitals). Crude 14-day case-fatality for hospitals with low case-volume was 10.4% (95% confidence interval (CI) 9.2-11.7%), for intermediate volume 7.0% (95% CI 6.2-7.9%; adjusted odds ratio (OR) 0.63 (95%CI 0.47-0.85)) and for high volume 5.4% (95% CI 4.6-6.3%; adjusted OR 0.50 (95% CI 0.33-0.74)). In patients with clipped aneurysms, adjusted OR for 14-day case-fatality was 0.46 (95% CI 0.30-0.71) for hospitals with intermediate case-volume and 0.42 (95% CI 0.25-0.72) with high case-volume. In patients with coiled aneurysms, adjusted OR was 0.77 (95% CI 0.55-1.07) for hospitals with intermediate case-volume and 0.56 (95% CI 0.36-0.87) with high case-volume. Conclusions Even within a subset of large, tertiary care centers, intermediate and high hospital case-volume is associated with lower case-fatality after aSAH regardless of treatment modality, supporting centralization to higher volume centers.
  • Holm, Matilda; Joenväärä, Sakari; Saraswat, Mayank; Mustonen, Harri; Tohmola, Tiialotta; Ristimäki, Ari; Renkonen, Risto; Haglund, Caj (2019)
    Abstract Colorectal cancer (CRC) stands for 10% of the worldwide cancer burden and has recently become the second most common cause of cancer death. The 5-year survival rate depends mainly on stage at diagnosis. Mass spectrometric proteomic analysis is widely used to study the plasma proteome, which is complex and contains multitudes of proteins. In this study, we have used Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography-Ultra Definition Mass Spectrometry (UPLC-UDMSE)-based proteomics to analyze plasma samples from 76 CRC patients. We identified several plasma proteins, such as CP, TVP23C, FETUB, and IGFBP3, of which altered levels led to significant differences in survival, as seen by Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier analysis. Additionally, during Cox regression analysis, samples were adjusted for age and/or tumor stage, enabling stringent analysis. These proteins, although in need of further validation, could be of use during patient follow-up, as their levels can non-invasively be measured from blood samples, and could be of use in predicting patient outcome. Several of these proteins additionally have roles in metabolism and inflammation, two processes central to the development and progression of cancer, further indicating their importance in cancer.
  • Laukkanen, Erika; Vehkalahti, Miira M; Kotiranta, Anja (2019)
    Aim To investigate the impact of systemic health and tooth-based factors on the outcome of root canal treatment (RCT). Methodology The target population consisted of all patients receiving RCT at the Helsinki University Clinic in 2008-2011. The inclusion criteria were diagnosable pre- and postoperative (minimum 6 months after root filling) radiographs and adequate patient records of RCT available. Teeth extracted for nonendodontic reasons were excluded. Patient documents including digital radiographs of 640 permanent teeth in 504 patients were scrutinized. The radiographs were assessed by two examiners under standardized conditions. The Periapical Index was used to define radiographically 'healthy' and 'healing' cases as successful. Data included systemic health, technical quality of root fillings, type of restoration and level of alveolar bone loss. Statistical evaluation of differences between groups included chi-squared tests and Fisher's exact tests. Logistic regression modelling utilizing robust standard errors to allow for clustering within patients was applied to analyse factors related to the outcome of RCT. Results The mean age of patients was 51.5 years (standard deviation (SD) 15.0; range 10-83), and 49% were female. In 41 cases (6%), the patient had diabetes mellitus (DM), in 132 (21%) cardiovascular disease and in 284 (44%) no systemic disease. The follow-up period was 6-71 months (mean 22.7). In the primary analyses, the success rate of RCT was 73.2% in DM patients and 85.6% in patients with no systemic disease (P = 0.043); other systemic diseases had no impact on success. In the multifactorial analysis, the impact of DM became nonsignificant and RCTs were more likely to succeed in the absence of apical periodontitis (AP; odds ratio (OR) = 4.4; P <0.001), in teeth with optimal root filling quality (OR = 2.5; P <0.001), in teeth restored with indirect restorations (OR = 3.7; P = 0.002) and in teeth with none/mild alveolar bone loss (OR = 2.4; P = 0.003). Conclusions DM diminished the success of RCT, especially in teeth with apical periodontitis. However, tooth-based factors had a more profound impact on the outcome of RCT. This should be considered in clinical decision-making and in assessment of RCT prognosis.