Browsing by Subject "painokangas"

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  • Mattsson, Nina (Helsingin yliopisto, 2016)
    The purpose of this thesis was to gather information and pictures of the 1960 printed textiles, analyze them, and to build the image of Finnish society and the Finnish position of printed fabrics in the textile industry. The aim of this thesis was to examine the 1960s printed fabrics through the change in Finnish society and the textile industry. One aspect of the research will bring is 1950s breakthrough in the Finnish applied art. Printed fabrics were marketed at the time, "Designtextiles" and were heavily involved in the 1960s in the prevailing "Finnish design" phenomenon. From the large production of printed textiles of the 1960s, I chose for the primary data those 91 designs whose timing and designer were known. For the image analysis I created categories according to the colour, shape, composition, repeat and its size. As the secondary data, I analysed magazines of the 1960s and literature. The visual appearance of printed fabrics changed considerably in the 1960s. Developments in printing technology and colours affected to the visual look of the printed fabrics. In the 1960s, the whole society was in transition and that was reflected in printed fabrics, for example, in space-related motives, youth culture, current cultural phenomena, such as art and music. Large textile factories did not hire textile artists as their designers until the early 1950s, instead, patterns were ordered from abroad. Effective cooperation between designer education and industry began in the 1960s. Marimekko's breakthrough abroad and the concept of "Finnish design" also connected with printed fabrics influenced the new appreciation of applied art and success of printed fabrics. The characteristic signs of the printed textiles in the 1960s were: bold bright and strong colours, interesting and unconventional colour combinations, motives in huge sizes up to just one motive in one pattern repeat, clean graphic lines and modern topical issues of the time.