Browsing by Subject "painotettu opetus"

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  • Jämsä, Suvi (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    This study focused on school choice. School choice refers to a policy that allows families to choose school for their children. In Finland, school choice usually means a choice between a general class and a class with special emphasis. The research question of this study was: What predicts choosing a class with special emphasis in elementary school? Previous studies have shown that a child’s school choice is correlated with especially mother’s level of education and child’s school grades. Choosing a class with special emphasis is more common among children whose mothers have higher education and among children who have received better school grades. Also, choosing a class with special emphasis seems to be more common among children whose fathers have higher education and among families with higher income level. The research data consisted of Learning to Learn Assessment Data gathered by Centre of Educational Assessment during the years 2007, 2010 and 2013. Logistic regression analysis was used to find predictive factors. Variables sex, mother’s level of education, father’s level of education, teacher’s evaluation of inventive abilities and teacher’s evaluation of working skills were considered as potential predictive factors. Results showed that teacher’s higher evaluation of pupil’s inventive abilities and mother’s higher level of education predicted choosing a class with special emphasis. These variables predicted 7–8 percent of the choice. In addition, the results showed that choosing a class with special emphasis was more common among children whose fathers had higher education. Furthermore, girls attended a class with special emphasis statistically more than boys. Teacher’s evaluation of working skills was not correlated with choosing a class with special emphasis. In addition, the results showed that if we examine the group of children in a class with special emphasis and the group of children in a general class, the children in the class with special emphasis have clearly more often highly educated parents than the children in general class. The results of this study provide more information about choosing a class with special emphasis in elementary school. In general, research information about school choices can be utilized when planning education policies and decisions.
  • Rontu, Eeva (Helsingfors universitet, 2016)
    Aims. There are only a few studies of values concerning school choice and educational policy in Finland. In this study school choice is being considered as an example of "commons problems". It was hypothesized that conflicts between values regarding public and private interest would be found in the speech of parents discussing their child's choice. According to recent studies, the school choice policy is found to bring about segregation of schools' student base and differentiation of schools' reputations and learning outcomes in big cities, even so that the Finnish comprehensive school is being sectioned into unequalizing parallel school tracks. Studies concerning Finnish values show a growing tension in Finnish value structure from the 1990s to the beginning of the 21st century. The tension applies to positioning of oneself with respect to others. Since it is common to speak about "rationality" regarding school choice, the notion of rationality and its connection to values as well as global epistemic governance is discussed, using Max Weber's concepts of rationality. Methods. The research material consisted of 10 semi-structured theme interviews, which were collected in the year 2011 as a part of wider PASC (Parents and School Choice) research project by a sociology and politics of education research team at the University of Helsinki and Turku. The method used was the discourse analysis of transcribed interviews. The value content was analysed with the help of the circular typology of values, which Shalom Schwartz (1992) has presented in his theory of basic human values. The typology allowed more diverse scrutinizing of values and their conflicts than before, especially regarding the dimension of public and private interest. Results and conclusions. Five discourses with different value content were found in the study: the wellbeing, security, success, self-actualization and equality discourses. Different representations of the nearby community, the Finnish school system and good parenting were constructed in each of them. The tension between values regarding public and private interest was found between the equality and success discourses, the latter often combined with the security discourse where some residential areas and schools were represented as restless and thus to be avoided. As a whole, the parents supported the retaining of the comprehensive school, hence the values found in wellbeing, self-actualization and equality discourses emerged as the most harmonious basis for educational policy in the future.
  • Karell, Laura (Helsingin yliopisto, 2019)
    Objectives. The purpose of this research was to examine if there was difference in motivation between classes emphasizing a subject and regular classes. Motivation is the basis of every action and remarkable factor in learning (Jang et. al., 2015; Zimmerman & Schunk, 2008, p. 2–3). Motivation was observed by achievement goal theory and the differences between genders were included. The relation of education of parents’ and children’s academic achievements and placing in different classes were also examined. Parents’ education and school choice has been related to these variables. High educated parents’ children participate more often to classes emphasizing a subject and get better grades. Because of social-economical differences, children concentrate in specific schools and remain in lower position. (Bernelius, 2013; Kosunen, 2012; Kalalahti et. al., 2015). Methodology. This study was a quantitative research. The data was collected randomly as a part of a national learning to learn research from Finnish comprehensive schools. Sample size was 6354 students, out of which 3147 girls and 3207 boys. The data was analyzed by variance analysis and x^2-test. Results and conclusions. There was difference in different classes on academic achievements and motivation. Students in classes emphasizing a subject had little better means in theoretical subjects and expressed more desirable achievement goal variables than students in regular classes. There was also difference in motivation separated by gender. Students in classes emphasizing a subject had bigger proportion of high educated parents than in regular classes.