Browsing by Subject "parisuhteen laatu"

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  • Aaltonen, Mira (Helsingin yliopisto, 2019)
    Aims of the study. Living in an unhappy romantic relationship correlates with poor mental and physical health. Therefore, it is important to clarify developmental factors contributing to romantic relationship quality. Child emotional and physical maltreatment correlate with insecure romantic attachment style, a measurement of romantic relationship quality. However, there is insufficient research involving large normal population samples and older adults. Childhood maltreatment is a risk factor for depressive symptoms, and depression coincides with poor romantic relationship quality. The purpose of this study is to examine if people who have experienced emotional and physical maltreatment in childhood exhibit a more insecure romantic attachment style. In addition, we seek to find out whether depressive symptoms mediate the relationship between childhood maltreatment and romantic attachment style in adulthood. Methods. This cross-sectional study included 1326 participants (55 % female, average age 63) who were part of the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study. Childhood maltreatment experiences were acquired retrospectively with Traumatic Experiences Checklist and depressive symptoms with Beck Depression Inventory – The second edition. Romantic relationship quality was measured with Experiences in Close Relationships – Revised, consisting of two romantic attachment style dimensions, anxiousness and avoidance. Hypotheses were tested with linear regression and bootstrapping mediation analysis was used to examine indirect effects. Results and conclusions. This is the first study to examine the correlation between childhood maltreatment and romantic attachment style in a large representative Finnish older adult sample. The results mainly confirm what has been found earlier using younger adult samples. People who experienced physical or emotional maltreatment in childhood had more romantic attachment anxiety in late adulthood. People who experienced emotional maltreatment in childhood also had more romantic attachment avoidance, but the correlation was not significant when demographic variables were controlled for. Childhood physical maltreatment did not correlate with romantic attachment avoidance. In addition, the results of this correlational study suggest that depression is a possible mediator between childhood maltreatment and insecure romantic attachment style, although this still needs further verification through longitudinal studies in the future. These results underscore the need to find more effective preventions and interventions for childhood maltreatment, and to also factor in maltreatment history in older adults’ couples counselling.
  • Haimala, Maija (Helsingin yliopisto, 2015)
    Aims: Previous studies have shown, that being in a romantic relationship in adolescence is associated with increase in depressive symptoms. The major aim of this study was to determine whether the association can also be found between romantic relationship and anxiety and psychotic symptoms. The linkages between being in a romantic relationship and depressive, anxiety and psychotic symptoms were examined in this study. It was hypothesized that being in a romantic relationship would predict increase at least in depressive and anxiety symptoms. Besides that this study also examined the linkages between the quality of romantic relationship and depressive, anxiety and psychotic symptoms. It was assumed that the good quality would be associated with increase in symptoms whereas the bad quality would be associated with fewer symptoms. This was also seen to explain the possible associations between romantic relationship and psychic symptoms. Methods: The data of this study was a part of a wider Pathways to Desistance –study which followed serious juvenile offenders' psychological development, behaviour, social relationships, mental health, and experiences in the juvenile or criminal justice system. The subjects were 14–19 years old adolescents and the number of subjects fluctuated between 699–1262 adolescents depending on analysis. The linkages between romantic relationship and symptoms were examined both in a cross-sectional and longitudinal studies whereas the associations between the quality of relationship and symptoms were studied only cross-sectionally. The analyses were done by Poisson Regression. Results and conclusions: This study showed no associations between being in a romantic relationship in adolescence and depression, anxiety and psychotic symptoms. Thus, being in a relationship does not seem to be a risk factor for depression, anxiety or psychotic symptoms according to this study. The quality of romantic relationship does not either seem to be associated with the amount of symptoms. Therefore the bad quality of romantic relationship does not seem to predispose adolescents to more symptoms and respectively the good quality does not seem to promote psychological wellbeing. According to this study only adolescent's partner's antisocial influence was a significant risk factor to an adolescent's psychological wellbeing; It was associated with more depressive, anxiety and psychotic symptoms.