Browsing by Subject "passiot"

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  • Norjanen, Hannu (Taideyliopiston Sibelius-Akatemia, 2015)
    The ecclesiastical boys' choir: a living instrument Rehearsing Bach's St Matthew Passion with the Cantores Minores boys' choir In my thesis, I discuss the ecclesiastical boys' choir institution from the perspective of my conducting work. I have been Artistic Director of Cantores Minores, the boys' choir of Helsinki Cathedral, since 2005. Cantores Minores is an internationally known Protestant-denomination boys' choir, as are the St Thomas Choir and the Kreuz Choir in Germany. In these choirs, the upper voice parts are sung by boys of school age, who after their voices change are transferred to the male voice parts. The choirs typically perform major works with orchestra each year, especially works by J.S. Bach. In the first part of my thesis, I discuss the history of the ecclesiastical boys' choir institution and present the aforementioned choirs in more detail. I also discuss Bach's St Matthew Passion and the St Thomas Choir as it was in Bach's time. A boys' choir is an extraordinary instrument different from a children's choir, youth choir or adult mixed choir. A boys' choir is in a continuous state of flux, and the conductor must take this into account. Because boys' voices are changing earlier now than they used to, singers spend less time in the upper voice parts. This calls for efficient and fast-paced rehearsals. A boys' choir has a unique sound whose translucent quality comes from the blend of young male voices and boys' voices. The sound is particularly well suited to Baroque music, although the lower tuning conventionally used on Baroque instruments is not necessarily good for a boys' choir. The principal focus of my thesis is the rehearsal period in spring 2010 for performances of Bach's St Matthew Passion with the Cantores Minores, the Lohja Town Orchestra and soloists at Vihti Church on 31 March 2010 and at Helsinki Cathedral on 2 April 2010. The Vihti performance was also my third doctoral recital. I describe the six-day rehearsal 'camp' as part of the rehearsal process. As the Lohja orchestra is a professional orchestra, they required only one orchestra rehearsal and three rehearsals with the choir. The soloists, also professionals, attended two rehearsals with orchestra. Boys' choirs remain vibrant institutions. They not only uphold an important musical legacy but also play an important educational role. A boys' choir needs to have a professional conductor who understands that the choir cannot interpret the music on its own. In productions of works with orchestra, both rehearsals and concerts should be conducted by the same conductor. It should be acknowledged in conductor training that the basic principles of conducting remain unchanged whatever the instrument or musical style.
  • Aittola, Inkeri (2019)
    Tämän kirjallisen työn tarkoitus on tutkia, millä tavoin säveltäjä Pekka Kostiainen (s. 1944) on sisällyttänyt Suomen evankelis-luterilaisen kirkon virsikirjan (1986) virsiä ja erityisesti niiden koraaleita kolmiosaiseen Triduum Paschale -nimiseen pääsiäisoratorioonsa (2000). Kyseessä on laadullinen tutkimus, jonka menetelmät ovat aineistolähtöinen analyysi ja säveltäjän avoin haastattelu. Työn empiriaosuus koostuu Triduum Paschalen neljän koraalipohjaisen osan tarkastelusta. Kostiaisen näihin osiin valitsemat virret ovat 222a, 67, 100 ja 727. Pekka Kostiainen on käyttänyt virsiä monin eri tavoin sävellystyönsä aineksina. Kuorolla on keskeinen rooli virsiosuuksissa, mutta myös solistit osallistuvat niiden esittämiseen. Lauletut koraalipohjaiset jaksot seurailevat kolorointia ja rytmistä muuntelua lukuunottamatta alkuperäistä sävelmää, mutta orkesteriosuuksissa Kostiainen hyödyntää virsielementtejä vapaammin. Virsien säkeistöt poikkeavat tyypillisesti toisistaan sekä satsin että kokoonpanon osalta. Säveltäjä on yhdistänyt kolmeen neljästä tutkittavasta osasta yhden tai useamman tekstin virren lisäksi, joka usein limittyy säkeistöjen väleihin.