Browsing by Subject "peptidomimetics"

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  • Herlan, Claudine Nicole; Sonnefeld, Anna; Gloge, Thomas; Brueckel, Julian; Schlee, Luisa Chiara; Muhle-Goll, Claudia; Nieger, Martin; Braese, Stefan (2021)
    Outstanding affinity and specificity are the main characteristics of peptides, rendering them interesting compounds for basic and medicinal research. However, their biological applicability is limited due to fast proteolytic degradation. The use of mimetic peptoids overcomes this disadvantage, though they lack stereochemical information at the alpha-carbon. Hybrids composed of amino acids and peptoid monomers combine the unique properties of both parent classes. Rigidification of the backbone increases the affinity towards various targets. However, only little is known about the spatial structure of such constrained hybrids. The determination of the three-dimensional structure is a key step for the identification of new targets as well as the rational design of bioactive compounds. Herein, we report the synthesis and the structural elucidation of novel tetrameric macrocycles. Measurements were taken in solid and solution states with the help of X-ray scattering and NMR spectroscopy. The investigations made will help to find diverse applications for this new, promising compound class.
  • Tonali, Nicolo; Hericks, Loreen; Schroeder, David C.; Kracker, Oliver; Krzemieniecki, Radoslaw; Kaffy, Julia; Le Joncour, Vadim; Laakkonen, Pirjo; Marion, Antoine; Ongeri, Sandrine; Dodero, Veronica I.; Sewald, Norbert (2021)
    In peptidotriazolamers every second peptide bond is replaced by a 1H-1,2,3-triazole. Such foldamers are expected to bridge the gap in molecular weight between small-molecule drugs and protein-based drugs. Amyloid beta (A beta) aggregates play an important role in Alzheimer's disease. We studied the impact of amide bond replacements by 1,4-disubstituted 1H-1,2,3-triazoles on the inhibitory activity of the aggregation "hot spots" (KLVFF20)-L-16 and G(39)VVIA(42) in A beta(1-42). We found that peptidotriazolamers act as modulators of the A beta(1-42) oligomerization. Some peptidotriazolamers are able to interfere with the formation of toxic early A beta oligomers, depending on the position of the triazoles, which is also supported by computational studies. Preliminary in vitro results demonstrate that a highly active peptidotriazolamer is also able to cross the blood-brain-barrier.
  • Herlan, Claudine Nicole; Sommer, Katharina; Weis, Patrick; Nieger, Martin; Bräse, Stefan (2021)
    Peptoids, or poly-N-substituted glycines, are characterised by broad structural diversity. Compared to peptides, they are less restricted in rotation and lack backbone-derived H bonding. Nevertheless, certain side chains force the peptoid backbone into distinct conformations. Designable secondary structures like helices or nanosheets arise from this knowledge. Herein, we report the copper-catalysed alkyne-azide cycloaddition (CuAAC) of macrocycles to form innovative tube-like tricyclic peptoids, giving access to host-guest chemistry or storage applications. Different linker systems make the single tubes tuneable in size and enable modifications within the gap. An azobenzene linker, which is reversibly switchable in conformation, was successfully incorporated and allowed for light-triggered changes of the entire tricyclic structure.