Browsing by Subject "performance"

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  • Albaos, Jay Mar (2018)
    Migrant Filipinos are neither here nor there. It is from this blurry position where I drew inspiration for my research. Migration is more than just a physical movement; it also involves the creation and recreation of spaces and destinations. The state of precarity that migrants belong to makes them an interesting group of people to study with. Departing from the nuanced collaborative piece of Bayanihan, my research focuses on the question: How did the Filipino labor migrants perform 'becoming' during the Bayanihan 2017 in Helsinki? This research aims to contribute, if not to widen, the discourse on migration not only as political and/or economic occurrence but also as a performative phenomenon. The research introduced artistic immersion as a method of doing community work. Ethnography was the initial methodological foundation of my research, but its tenets were limiting the depth of that which I wanted to capture. Hence, I introduced the notion of artistic immersion, which is based on recognition, inclusivity, and participation. Artistic immersion challenges the notion of 'interpretation' and stresses the importance of recognition. By doing so, we not only arrive merely at an understanding, but a recognition of those who are in the peripheries and, hopefully, eventually nurture inclusive coexistence. The thesis surveyed how 'becoming' happened in different, yet almost simultaneous, nuanced vectors. The process of 'becoming' became reliant to the human, ecological, political, and geographical environments it was into. It also touched many layers of theoretical concepts like performativity, place and site, reconstituting, to mention a few. Through Bayanihan, I realized that 'becoming' was momentary. Materially, it was constructed and eventually got destroyed in a span of time or days. Such momentariness of existence strongly relates to that of labor migrants. The precariousness of their situation suggests that one day they might lose their grant to stay and work in a foreign land. The thesis also included feedback from the participants of the artistic immersion and Bayanihan. This showed how the project treaded along the hazy act of collaboration by deploying recognition. In many ways, the work should not be solely credited to the author alone but also to the body-minds who made the process and project possible. Finally, it is proper to state that as much as problems arise in community work, so was in artistic immersion and Bayanihan. Communities and/or groups constantly change and adapt to dynamic environments. Artistic immersion itself is not finite and is subject to changes. Further assessments on its ideological implications, especially in different contexts, is encouraged. Bayanihan and artistic immersion, reveal so much how humans perform complex relationships (towards each other, institutions, identities, and so on).
  • Kucia, Karoliina (2014)
    Oops! Sorry, later just Oops! was a group practice of micro-events and animation for 4 persons that took place in 2009 in the public spaces of Helsinki. It was also staged as a performance production and presented at the Theatre Academy in November 2010. The entire process was circling around a situation of lapsus (a lapse, slip, faux pas). We used lapsus to experiment with cooperation, which is not based on sympathy or consensus. I chose lapsus for its sensual-emotional complexity and immediacy, to be an occasion for alternatives in self-organizing and collective co-emergence. I chose to do research, not through affirmation of any exact alternative or potentiality of alternative, but by inhabiting a state of disruption. I asked people who share my affection for moments of lapse or ones to whom those moments happen frequently to join the project. We were working through combining mechanical and organic processes of dialogue, exchange and production. Methods and tools used in this practice were: lapse, parody, mockery, inconsistency, reanimation and personal resistance. The main reason to initiate this research was to try out a process that would embrace a condition of fuzzy, fractalized and flexible precarious work structure in cognitive production with its possible collapses. As an event producer in an age of commodification of time, experience and event I decided to play with this structure and to invite a lapsus as a moment of disruption; to see how do we get out from there. Does a collapse produce stiffening or a reinvention of the norm? I see in a lapse an everyday practice of letting go of self-control. Letting go of the constant creation of my face, body and personality as something to be looked at. Letting go of one's own desire to look good. The event of a lapse never fails me. It always works. It always disrupts the consistency of emotions, production, play, drama and interpretation. I believe in tools that are not pretty. A lapse is anti-aesthetical. It disrupts aesthetics, any order and any structure of representation and meaning. In the written part of my thesis I write about the conceptual base for the Oops! project. The concept of Oops! relates mainly to Giorgio Agamben's idea of parody and it's coexistence with fiction, Paolo Virno's concept of joke as a diagram for innovatory action in public, Félix Guattari's minor notions of lapse in Chaosmosis, and Richard's Schechner's idea of dislocation (not-not-me) relating again with Agamben's concept of remnant. Through this theoretical background I try to make sense and formulate my idea of lapse as a fallacy, micro collapse and minor event of the every day, a momentary state of dealing with the possibility of becoming both, a joke or a failure. After that I depict what we intended to do with Oops! the plan I wrote before we started to work and during the practice. This part contains a description of the background for the work and the research, how did the group come together and how did it sustain itself for the period of the work. I also describe my main method of working, the method of reanimation and how I have created this sort of prosthesis to deal with the documentary results of live action and with the live action producing documentary results. Following that I talk about what actually happened in the process of Oops! I concentrate on the most interesting points. I describe the end result, the performance, and point out what was interesting in what we did and what I have found out conceptually and practically. I refer to Franco “Bifo” Berardi's writings on automatism, virtual time and the social consequences of increasingly immaterial labor, and describe surprises, reflections, touching moments and some tools or techniques developed and ready to be carried on. At the end I draw some conclusions and present a short plan for my next attempt to work with lapse; as an appendix I am attaching the script for Oops!, a collection of concepts, scores and structures we followed on the way. Throughout the entire text I relate to other artistic projects beside our Oops! project. In the case of the question of parody I refer to the piece by Jeremy Deller, Battle of Orgreave and the documentary of this work by Mike Figgis, both from 2001, also to a work by Yael Bartana from 2011, And Europe will be Stunned and to the film Attenberg from 2010, by Athina Rachel Tsangari. When talking about the method of reanimation and lapse I refer to Martin Arnold's Passage à l'acte from 1993, Jeremy Deller's piece again, my own previous works and Joan Jonas' pieces, Vertical Roll, 1972 and Reanimation, 2012.
  • Bisset, Christiana (2019)
    The contested practice of dowsing is a technique for searching for underground water, minerals, ley lines, or anything invisible, by observing the motion of a pointer. Throughout this process of artistic research, I have developed my own relationship to the method of dowsing. This paper illustrates a landscape which has become through and with this method. The movement of dowsing rods is simultaneously an expression of your own knowing, as it is an indicator which you can analyse for new results. Information can be seen as multidirectional as it seemingly flows both from and into the body. As such it breaks down the linearity of knowledge production and reception, rather suggesting a form of fluidity. Throughout this paper, I will question what it might mean to know or believe, given the challenges which face us, in an age of fundamental change. Looking in detail, at the way in which dowsing is understood in popular culture, and layering with my own experiences, this thesis seeks to unpack the nature of a binary in which some knowledges are centralised in order to establish a realm where others might only be considered as 'alternative'. I will propose that the nature of this binary is both gendered and ableist, and that the exclusion of perceptual and bodily based knowledges, has a significance in how we might approach our ecological condition. After presenting this analysis on the state of knowledge and truth, with reference to the post-structuralist turn and the so-called 'post-truth' era, this thesis will explore how my own investigation in contemporary performance responded to the complexities of truth and fact in the age of climate crisis.
  • Widlund, Anna; Tuominen, Heta; Korhonen, Johan (2018)
    It has been suggested that both performance and academic well-being play a role in adolescent students' educational attainment and school dropout. In this study, we therefore examined, first, what kinds of academic well-being (i.e., school burnout, schoolwork engagement, and mathematics self-concept) and mathematics performance profiles can be identified among lower secondary school students (N-grade (7) = 583, N-grade 9 = 497); second, how stable these profiles are across one school year during the seventh and ninth grades; and, third, how students with different academic well-being and mathematics performance profiles differ with respect to their educational aspirations. By means of latent profile analyses, three groups of students in seventh grade: thriving (34%), average (51%), and negative academic well-being (15%) and four groups of students in ninth grade: thriving (25%), average (50%), negative academic well-being (18%), and low-performing (7%) with distinct well-being and mathematics performance profiles were identified. Configural frequency analyses revealed that the profiles were relatively stable across one school year; 60% of the students displayed identical profiles over time. The thriving students reported the highest educational aspirations compared to the other groups. In addition, the low-performing students in the ninth grade had the lowest educational aspirations just before the transition to upper secondary school. Practical implications as well as directions for future research are discussed.
  • Polso, Kukka-Maaria (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    Aims. In the context of computing education, the vast majority of prior research examining achievement goal orientations has been conducted using variable-centred methods. In order to deepen understanding of the student population and achievement motivation, this Master’s Thesis employed person-oriented perspectives. The interplay of different goal orientations was explored by identifying prevalent motivational profiles and investigating profile differences in performance. Normative and appearance performance goals were handled as separate clustering variables in addition to mastery goals for the first time. Methods. The participants were 2059 introductory programming MOOC students. Data were collected by a questionnaire and from automatically assessed programming assignments and final exam. An exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was conducted for the achievement goal orientation items to examine the factor structure. Using TwoStep cluster analysis, the students were classified into clusters according to their achievement goal orientations. Cross tabulations and analyses of variance (ANOVA) were conducted to investigate profile characteristics and differences in performance. Results and Conclusions. Five distinct achievement goal orientation profiles were identified: Approach-Oriented (31.2%), Performance-Oriented (18.9%), Combined Mastery and Performance Goals (18.0%), Low Goals (17.6.%) and Mastery-Oriented (14.3.%). Students with Combined Mastery and Performance Goals performed significantly better than students with Low Goals regarding two metrics. Consistent with previous findings, the results highlight the positive link between multiple goal pursuit and performance. Further studies are needed to investigate motivational profiles in relation to other educational outcomes in the context of computing education. This kind of knowledge is valuable for designing interventions and new courses. The article ‘Achievement Goal Orientation Profiles and Performance in a Programming MOOC’, which is based on the present thesis, will be presented at ITiCSE 2020 (Conference on Innovation and Technology in Computer Science Education) conference and published in conference proceedings.
  • Polso, Kukka-Maaria; Tuominen, Heta; Hellas, Arto; Ihantola, Petri (ACM, 2020)
    It has been suggested that performance goals focused on appearing talented (appearance goals) and those focused on outperforming others (normative goals) have different consequences, for example, regarding performance. Accordingly, applying this distinction into appearance and normative goals alongside mastery goals, this study explores what kinds of achievement goal orientation profiles are identified among over 2000 students participating in an introductory programming MOOC. Using Two-Step cluster analysis, five distinct motivational profiles are identified. Course performance and demographics of students with different goal orientation profiles are mostly similar. Students with Combined Mastery and Performance Goals perform slightly better than students with Low Goals. The observations are largely in line with previous studies conducted in different contexts. The differentiation of appearance and normative performance goals seemed to yield meaningful motivational profiles, but further studies are needed to establish their relevance and investigate whether this information can be used to improve teaching.
  • Konnaris, Petros (2017)
    Nakedness can mean not wearing any clothes but it could also mean not having your socks on. I see nakedness as a social construct that can shift meanings depending on the context, the culture and the subject(s) being or not being naked. In Approaching Nakedness and Its Problematics I use personal experiences I had in Europe and Thailand, the words Naked, Nude and Τίτσιρος (:Titsiros), borrow ideas from Donna Haraway, the trans philosopher Talia Mae Bettcher, and the indigenous scholar Irene Watson to introduce the multiplicity of nakedness. I present some of the problematics of nakedness such as objectification, male gaze, exhibitionism and voyeurism, toxic masculinity, gender binaries, and normalized body images. Afterward, I present queer and feminist theories of Judith Butler, Diane Ponterotto, and Talia Mae Bettcher on how to resist those problematics. I then contextualize my work in relation to other artists, their work and the mentioned problematics. I continue with my artistic project A Bathing Performance, a 1-1(one with one) happening of nakedness and care, presenting my methodology, my aims, my reflections and observation. In the project, I limit the spectrum of nakedness and focus on nakedness as an intimate, platonic act. Additionally, I introduce the term one with one and explore performance as a meeting, a mutual, interconnected exchange with another person. I approach both nakedness and the performance as a multiplicity, a range of options and choices that one can decide how, when and where he/she/they want to experience nakedness. The written part of my thesis includes an academic text and a handwritten book: a replica of the scorebook I used in the performances in June 2017 which includes the updated version of my 30 bathing scores/proposals.
  • MacDonald, James (2018)
    This thesis is a companion to my artistic work in stand-up comedy, comprising artistic-based research and approaches comedy from a performance studies perspective. The question addressed in the paper and the work is "How is the body of the comedian part of the joke?" The first section outlines dominant theories about humour-superiority, relief, and incongruity-as a background the discussion. It touches on the role of the comedian both as untrustworthy, playful trickster, and parrhesiastes who speaks directly to power, backed by the truth of her lived experience. It also provides some context for the contemporary comedian, whose work follows them off stage and into the thunderdome of social media, where trolling and speaking truth are taken very seriously. Another section presented as background to the discussion is on transgender bodies in performance, focusing on performance art and in stand-up comedy. I argue that embodied transgender performances are largely still situated in the act of encountering a trans body. Speaking of contemporary stand-up comedy, I discuss the ways in which an abject identity or body may be exploited by the comedian onstage for laughter and also for activism. The comedy of Tig Notaro, Maria Bamford, Hasan Minaj, Jess Thom, Eddie Izzard, Dave Chappelle, Cameron Esposito, and others come into play. Comedy is a complex and interesting site of resistance and social change, since it deals in mockery and non-seriousness, but precisely these qualities allow it to convey messages that are necessary and not polite elsewhere. Finally, I describe my final artistic work, a one-hour comedy show called Gender Euphoria, which is about my own experiences in transitioning from female to male. I describe the ways in which the space and experience were designed to mimic the conditions of a stand-up club inside an institution of learning, and to what aim. The arc of Gender Euphoria is described as an autobiographical work of discovering identity, encountering medical institutions with that identity, encountering new social norms, and travelling through wave after wave of certainty in identity towards more complication, ambiguity, and liberation. I also discuss the material that I was too afraid to do, or that I self-censored out of a sense of not being able to convey the message properly, and fear of backlash from a community I attempt to support. As a whole, this thesis attempts to provide a viewpoint towards the playful and serious contradictions in stand-up comedy, in a way that is informed by practice in the field, from the point of view of a subject whose identity has up until recently been the object of derision, rather than the subject of resistance.
  • Frog, (2021)
    This paper explores the dynamics of agency, media andauthority in the maintenance and construction of the folk cultural sphere– that is, asociety’s generalized perception and understanding of traditional culture. Thephenomenon is explored through a series of cases, organized chronologically, on:medieval manuscript technologies and Snorri Sturluson’s Edda; seventeenth- and eighteenth-century written representationsof Sámi; a nineteenth-century living ethnographic exhibition of Sámi; currentfieldwork documenting Rotenese and Tetun traditions in Indonesia; acommunity-driven living ethnographic exhibition on the island of Java. The finaldiscussion takes an overview of the perspectives gained from the individualcases to consider their broader implications.
  • Arlander, Annette (2011)
    Episodi
  • Xiong, Ying (Helsingfors universitet, 2009)
    As the global economy grows rapidly, certain environmental and societal problems have become challenges. This pushes more and more global companies to integrate those concerns in their business operations, in the form of corporate social responsibility (CSR). This thesis analyzes leading global companies’ CSR performance by using forest and IT industry as comparable cases, in order to point out the strength and weakness of CSR practice, and to indicate the proposal for CSR development. The study also describes the differences in emphasizing CSR between forest industry and IT industry, and between globally and in China market. The method of content analysis is introduced to the study. Based on the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) guidelines as classification frame, relevant information from the CSR reports of analyzed sampling units was classified into corresponding indicators and then transformed into the numbers that represent companies’ CSR performance. The result of the study shows that on a global scale environmental and economic responsibilities are the mainly focused areas of CSR by global companies while companies’ performance of human rights responsibility is very poor. In the future, global companies should work harder on human rights by taking actions to analyze violent risks and prevent discrimination instead of only releasing policies. Concerning differences between industries, forest product companies emphasize economic, environmental and labor practice responsibilities much more than IT companies do. IT industry is able to learn the experience from forest industry to improve its weak areas. The other finding in the study is that nearly no global companies publish separate unit CSR reports in China or sufficient information of CSR activities in China. It indicates that CSR is still at the very beginning status in China and global companies are recommended to take more responsibility for its development.
  • Brinda, Antonín (2020)
    This thesis deals mainly with my final artistic research work East by Northeast which was conducted across two continents, took several months and involved dozens of people. The project consists of photos, videos, audios, writings, maps, performances, discussions, presentations, artist talks, and one workshop. The main (impossible?) goal/research question was finding ways how to articulate, how to perform (mega)cities through the movement of the body through their transportation networks. I have worked with and within (mega)cities of Moscow (Russia), Ulaanbaatar (Mongolia) and Beijing (China). In each one of them, I stayed for approximately one month. An important moment of the research was also a presentation of selected materials in the form of an exhibition in the Space For Free Arts (Vapaan Taiteen Tila) in Helsinki during June 2018. There are many differences between the three selected cities but also several important similarities. They are all interconnected by the Trans-Siberian Railway, the largest transportation network of its kind on Earth. They are all capitals, core cities in which the need for both the efficient urban planning and control over the movement of crowds are very high. All share a socialist past and all were strongly influenced by the Soviet urban planning. Finally, all are currently experiencing impacts of a certain kind of free-market economics. Aside from the micro-level movement within cities, the issues of global mobility and tourism are also important for the text. Why, where and how do people travel and what are the factors influencing their mobility? What is my position as a white European male researcher-tourist in the context of global travel and how can I move around the world in a non-exploitative, non-offensive, environmentally justifiable way? Apart from trying to find new ways of how to 'perform (mega)cities', some of these issues appear and disappear throughout the thesis.
  • Tuunainen, Petra; Koivunen, Erja; Valaja, Jarmo; Valkonen, Eija; Hiidenhovi, Jaakko; Tupasela, Tuomo; Hongisto, Marja (2016)
    Performance, meat quality and litter quality were determined in 4000 male and female Ross 308 broilers fed on starter diet (soybean meal or rapeseed meal and peas) and grower-finisher diets based on either soybean meal (control) or substituting rapeseed meal or rapeseed meal and pea in different proportions (100/0%, 75/25% or 50/50%) for soybean meal in iso-nitrogenous basis. Performance of the birds fed with soybean meal diets was superior compared to that of the birds fed with rapeseed meal and pea based diets. Bird performance was the poorest and mortality the highest for the birds fed with the rapeseed meal grower diet. In this experiment birds did not reach performance target for the age and strain of bird. Overall, diet based solely on rapeseed meal protein is not suitable for broiler production. However, dietary rapeseed meal inclusion clearly improved fatty acid profile of breast meat. The omega-6/omega-3-ratio was 4.1, 2.4 and 2.7 for soybean meal, rapeseed meal, and rapeseed meal and peas based diets, respectively. There were no differences in sensory quality evaluation of breast meat between the treatments.
  • Myyry, Liisa; Karaharju-Suvanto, Terhi; Vesalainen, Marjo; Virtala, Anna-Maija; Raekallio, Marja; Salminen, Outi; Vuorensola, Katariina; Nevgi, Anne (2020)
    The aim of this study was to examine the emotions higher education teachers associate with assessment and the factors in their teaching environment that triggered these emotions. As a starting point, Frenzel's model of teacher emotions and Pekrun's control-value theory of achievement emotions were used. The sample consisted of 16 experienced and pedagogically advanced teachers who participated in semi-structured interviews. After abductive content analyses, both positive and negative emotions were detected corresponding to Frenzel's and Pekrun's models. The main sources of emotions were validity of assessment, assessment methods, pedagogical development and assessment culture. This preliminary study indicates that assessment evokes both positive and negative emotions, and that validity of assessment is a prominent issue in evoking these emotions. Pedagogical training should deal with emotions and their regulation in assessment to help teachers in higher education to cope with negative emotions.
  • Farooq, Omar (Svenska handelshögskolan, 2008)
    Economics and Society
  • Convertito, Giorgio (2020)
    In this thesis I look at some of the ethical issues involved in one-to-one practices, observing how they offer a uniquely compress example of dialogical, experiential and transformative pedagogy, providing the most obvious representation of the meeting with the Other and with the otherness within oneself. I look in particular at the idea of ‘perceived obligation’, the way we respond to a situation as we think we are expected to by an authority figure. Another crucial concept of this research is that of safe space / brave space, a space where risks are acceptable and even welcome, and where a transformative experience can take place. I use Van Manen, Antila and Arao&Clemens to advocate that a safe space cannot be just a container for rules and that there are no universal procedures that can guarantee safety, suggesting instead a dialogical approach. The proposal is that a caring approach to ethics, combined with the integrity, insight, generosity and sensitivity of the practitioner, and a mutual interest and respect for the material, are the ingredients that create a safe environment for learning through transformation. I use my artistic project “Hotel Room Encounters” as a laboratory where the issues mentioned above can be observed and studied. Most of this research is based on observing my own personal experience, but also on comments made by the participants during the encounters as well as in the notes they wrote and left to me after the encounter. The project aims to create a situation favourable to the meeting with the unknown and to a transformative experience. In accordance with Rancière’s and Biesta’s idea that in order to learn and grow, one has to move out of one’s comfort zone, I tried to create the conditions for a safe discomfort and for a gentle push of boundaries; a move into the risk zone designed to set the conditions for an unusual experience and potential for learning something about oneself. I also look at the “Hotel Room Encounter” as improvisational and somatic practice, using my experience in such practices to guide me through the experience of meeting the unknown, especially within the format of one-to-one participatory performance, with what I had no previous experience as a practitioner. I also briefly link this work to my experience of somatic practices and eventually reflect on my positioning as a middle-aged white man in society.
  • Saarentaus, Elina (Helsingin yliopisto, 2014)
    This study focused on the relations of interest and self-efficacy beliefs of students. The aim was to specify how interest and self-efficacy beliefs are independently and reciprocally related to mathematical performances, and conversely, how changes in achievements influence changes in motivation. Theories that support the developmental tendencies of interest and self-efficacy are emphasized in the theoretical frame. Previous studies have shown that individual levels of interest and self-efficacy beliefs significantly influence learning. Research concerning the interaction effects of the factors has been scarce. In addition, the research on the motivational factors has mostly been quantitative. This study aims to complement the existing conceptual and methodological approaches. The study was conducted by qualitative methodological principles. Six (6) students participated for the interviews. They were selected from a larger sample of student participants based on their achievements in mathematics. The interviews were executed with a semi-structured interview method. The data were analyzed by using content analysis. The research was explorative within its topic and hence, the analysis was not based on any preconceived hypotheses. The individual manifestations of interest and self-efficacy in relation to students' mathematical performances were highlighted in the explorative analysis of this study. The experiences reflected the interactive relationships of the particular motivational factors; with each other and in respect of math performances. According to the views of the students, changes in one phenomenological factor commonly result in changes in another. Within the individual perspectives of this study, no general conclusions can be drawn. However, the previously empirically established significances of interest and self-efficacy in learning were reflected in the experiences of the interviewed students. The interconnection of the motivational factors in relation to mathematics is essential to consider in education. Their predisposition for change offers opportunities to generate new learning experiences, which then again, may improve the feelings of interest and self-efficacy of even older students in relation to mathematical learning.
  • Etkin, Shelley (2019)
    This text proposes various orientations towards a body of artistic research on the praxis of landing. Landing explores practices of mutual communicative exchange with land. The guiding curiosity in this practice is to shift from ‘land’ as a territorial entity, separate from the human, into ‘landing’ as a shared process. Thus far, landing has been practiced in the form of sessions, in private and group formations. Landing as a verb connotes processual movement and has been researched through embodied somatic journeying, practiced in several places, working with body and land as medium, proposing a morphing connectedness to address them as a whole. Landing offers a specific approach to journeying as a mode to potentially access a shared imaginary inclusive of humans and land. Through this, I ask how the practice might open into subtle aspects of colonization and de/territorialization and whether there lies potential for other modes of journeying. Landing as a praxis is discussed in relation to ecology, performance, healing, and pedagogy. This text seeks to enter into the research questions of landing as a multilogue; a whole composed of conversations, questions, and orientations. I have set the intention to experiment with attempts at deterritorializing practice through proposing a textual garden, in this case gardening through the medium of words, language, and text.