Browsing by Subject "policy"

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  • Isoaho, Karoliina Laila Hannele; Moilanen, Fanni Sofia; Toikka, Arho Ilmari (2019)
    The Energy Union, a major energy sector reform project launched by the European Commission in 2015, has substantial clean energy and climate aims. However, scholarly caution has been raised about their feasibility, especially with regards to accommodating climate objectives with other closely related yet often competing policy goals. We therefore investigate the policy priorities of the Energy Union by performing a topic modelling analysis of over 5,000 policy documents. A big data analysis confirms that decarbonisation and energy efficiency dimensions are major building blocks in the Energy Union's agenda. Furthermore, there are signals of policy convergence in terms of climate security and climate affordability policies. However, our analysis also suggests that the Commission is not actively prescribing trajectories for renewable energy development or paying close attention to declining incumbent energy generation technologies. Overall, we find that the Energy Union is not a 'floating signifier' but rather has a clear and incrementally evolving decarbonisation agenda. Whether it further develops into an active driver of decarbonisation will largely be determined by the implementation phase of the project.
  • Karlsen, Kristofer (Helsingfors universitet, 2016)
    This research explores how Russian national identity is constructed through political discourses pertaining to the Arctic. Theoretically this thesis addresses how national identity is constructed through these discourses and subsequently how this identity is used to justify Russia’s Arctic policy to a domestic as well as an international audience. In order to achieve this a hybrid methodology combining critical discourse analysis and political discourse analysis was applied to two forms of political discourses; speeches by politicians and policy papers. This research has identified five discourses through which a Russian national identity is constructed and policy legitimised. These are international cooperation, security, governance, Russia as Arctic, and environment.
  • Wickman, Mikaela (Helsingin yliopisto, 2018)
    Arktiska rådet som grundades år 1996 är det enda mellanstatliga samarbetsforumet att handskas specifikt med arktiska frågor. Rådet följer med miljöns tillstånd, utger miljöbedömningar om miljöskydd och hållbar utveckling och ger på basis av dessa policyrekommendationer åt medlemsländerna. Medlemsländerna har i alla fall i princip bundit sig till att följa rekommendationerna men rådet har inte mandat att ge juridiskt bindande rekommendationer eller att se till att de verkställs. Nivån på den nationella implementeringen av Arktiska rådets rekommendationer har visat sig vara svag i medlemsländerna men ett område där de gjort framsteg i är att implementera de rekommendationer som rådet gett om åtgärder att minska på utsläpp av svart kol. Finland är ett medlemsland som klarat sig bra med att implementera dessa rekommendationer. Genom en fallstudie över implementeringsprocessen av Arktiska rådets rekommendationer om åtgärder att minska på utsläpp av svart kol i Finland är studiens syfte att skapa en helhetsbild över händelseförloppet av implementeringen för att på så sätt förklara och förstå implementeringsprocessen i Finland. Bakom implementeringen av Arktiska rådets rekommendationer ligger det en policyprocess och genom att granska den är syftet också att systematiskt analysera vilka implementeringsfaktorer som har främjat respektive försvårat implementeringen. Det finns i regel två modeller för att studera implementering, en beslutsorienterad uppifrån-nermodell och en handlingsorienterad nerifrån-uppmodell. Den syntesmodell av de två modellerna som Sabatier utformat bildar tillsammans med Lundquists modell för implementeringsstyrning fallstudiens teoretiska utgångspunkt. Lundquists styrningsmodell utgår ifrån att man vid analys av implementering måste uppmärksamma hur strukturerna och aktörernas förmågor och beteenden påverkar genomförandet. I ett styrningsperspektiv har policytillämparens egenskaper en betydande roll för att förklara avvikelser mellan beslut och utfall vid implementeringen av policy. Studien visar att Finlands förmåga att förstå vad rekommendationerna om svart kol handlar om har främjat implementeringen, likaså Finlands vilja att tillämpa dem. Implementeringen har underlättats av klara och konsekventa målsättningar och av att Arktiska rådet och Finland anser att utsläpp av svart kol är ett problem och att utsläppen måste minskas. Målformuleringar som i början var otydliga har klarnats vilket tyder på att Arktiska rådet som policyförespråkare lärt sig under processens gång. Den arktiska regionen håller på att genomgå en förändring då klimatförändringen syns som ett betydligt varmare klimat och som smältande av havsisen, och då nya ekonomiska möjligheter i samband med det förväntas uppstå. Som ett resultat har intresset mot det arktiska området ökat. Som det centrala samarbetsorganet vad gäller Arktis har betydelsen av Arktiska rådet ökat.
  • Lehtomaa, Jere (Helsingfors universitet, 2017)
    The incomplete global coverage of current emissions trading schemes has raised concerns about free-riding and carbon leakage. EU ETS, the first and currently the biggest carbon market, is at the fore of such fears. Carbon-based import tariffs have thereby been proposed to compensate domestic industries for the cost disadvantage against their rivals in non-regulating countries. This thesis uses an applied general equilibrium (AGE) model to assess the impacts of a hypothetical EU carbon tariff on the Finnish economy. The carbon content of imported goods is first estimated with an environmentally extended input-output analysis, and the tariff is levied according to the anticipated price of EU emission allowances. To examine the sensitivity of the results, five additional scenarios are then constructed by altering the key simulation parameters. The tariff is imposed on the most energy-intensive and trade-exposed industries in 2016 and simulated until 2030. The results suggest that carbon tariffs are detrimental to the Finnish economy. The negative outcome is determined by high material intensity and a growing dependence on imported materials throughout the industry sector. As a result, the tariff-induced increase in import prices adds up to a notable growth in total production costs. Moreover, the negative impact is most pronounced within the export-oriented heavy manufacturing sector that the tariff was designed to shelter in the first place. The few sectors that gain from the tariff were not directly subject to it, but utilize the secondary impacts as the economy adapts to the shock. The findings imply that due to the deeper integration of global value chains, the appeal of protective tariffs, even if environmentally motivated, can be harmfully over-simplistic.
  • Egerer, Michael Dieter; Kankainen, Veera Emilia; Hellman, Carin Matilda Emelie (2018)
    Profits from legal gambling are often channelled to good causes. This system embeds the predicament of whether citizens' potentially problematic gambling activities should be a source of funding for the public good. In this article, this dilemma is unfolded by the receivers of public grants that stem from gambling revenues. A total of twenty-three representatives of Civil Society Organizations were interviewed as beneficiaries of the Finnish state-owned gambling monopolies. The article illustrates explicit dependencies and hidden ethical dilemmas, suggesting that CSOs may have limited possibilities of making ethically consistent decisions in view of the origin of their funding.
  • Ang, Lynn; Lipponen, Lasse; Lim, Sirene (2021)
    The early childhood years are pivotal as they mark the beginning of a young child’s life journey into education. This paper offers critical reflections of the early childhood care and education landscape in Singapore as it has evolved over the last decade. The discussion will draw on findings of the study Vital Voices for Vital Years 2 (2019) to explicate the issues, debates and challenges facing the early childhood care and education sector. It argues that recent developments in the sector with stepped increases in government funding and strategic policy development, augmented by the establishment of national agencies committed to improving the quality of care and education, have achieved significant milestones in the country. However, a more critical perspective of the role of early childhood in policy and practice to meet the diverse needs of young children and families is necessary for envisioning education as a pathway to inclusion and social equality, and for building a truly inclusive society.
  • Heino, Waltteri (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    This thesis analyzes the digitalization policy of the Finnish government. The main attempt is to, firstly, identify the central ideas and ideologies behind the approach of the Finnish government toward societal digitalization. Secondly, the attempt is to analyze them from the perspective of the traditional ideas and ideologies of the Nordic welfare state. The underlining research question is, whether the possible approach of the Finnish government toward digitalization is compatible with the traditional ideas and ideologies of the Nordic welfare state. The method in this thesis is a combination of qualitative content analysis and historical research methods. Qualitative content analysis with a focus on an analysis of ideologies is used for analyzing primary sources. A historical perspective is used in an attempt to locate contemporary societal digitalization on a trajectory of societal transformations in post-industrial capitalist states, as well as when presenting the Nordic welfare state model. Overall, the approach of the Finnish government appears largely in line with traditional Nordic welfare state values, such as equality and inclusion. However, one of the main findings of this thesis is that the approach of the Finnish government toward digitalization is a largely apolitical and instrumentalized one. Although possible political, economic and social implications of digitalization are identified, the government appears more concerned with providing all citizens equal access to digitalization than facilitating a public discussion on the nature, form or scope of the phenomenon. While such a consensual approach may be analyzed from the perspective of the Nordic culture of conformity, one of the main arguments of this thesis is that a politicized approach to digitalization could allow for a fruitful discussion on its eventual effects on society.
  • Tåg, Joacim (Svenska handelshögskolan, 2008)
    Economics and Society
    The growth of the information economy has been stellar in the last decade. General-purpose technologies such as the computer and the Internet have promoted productivity growth in a large number of industries. The effect on telecommunications, media and technology industries has been particularly strong. These industries include mobile telecommunications, printing and publishing, broadcasting, software, hardware and Internet services. There have been large structural changes, which have led to new questions on business strategies, regulation and policy. This thesis focuses on four such questions and answers them by extending the theoretical literature on platforms. The questions (with short answers) are: (i) Do we need to regulate how Internet service providers discriminate between content providers? (Yes.) (ii) What are the welfare effects of allowing consumers to pay to remove advertisements from advertisement-supported products?(Ambiguous, but those watching ads are worse off.) (iii) Why are some markets characterized by open platforms, extendable by third parties, and some by closed platforms, which are not extendable? (It is a trade-off between intensified competition for consumers and benefits from third parties) (iv) Do private platform providers allow third parties to access their platform when it is socially desirable? (No.)
  • Laakso, Senja (2019)
    This article presents the results from an experimental project in Jyvaskyla, Finland, in which five 'pioneer households' aimed to reduce their environmental impacts by a variety of trials in different domains of daily consumption. The article analyses this 'home lab' experiment from a practice-theoretical perspective, focusing particularly on everyday mobility and the social interplay that occurs in mobility practices in different contexts. In so doing, the article explores the reasons behind the various outcomes of experimentation and discusses the potential of such experimentation to facilitate transformation in mobility practices. The results suggest that in order to shift daily mobility onto a more sustainable path, the social dynamics related to mobility practices should be better addressed. For example, the negotiations both inside and outside the participating households proved important in challenging the ways of doing mobility. Moreover, the potential for the diffusion of alternative mobility practices was shown to depend on a variety of factors that maintained the normality and acceptability of private driving. Utilising practice-theoretical insights in living laboratories can open new areas for experimentation and facilitate understanding of the shift in everyday practices towards greater sustainability.
  • Karjalainen, Linda E.; Juhola, Sirkku (2019)
    Transportation plays a key role in urban sustainability planning and urban greenhouse gas emission reductions. Globally, cities have established sustainability agendas and policies to guide the shift from traditional private automobile dependent transportation systems towards an increased use of public transportation, cycling, and walking. While the surrounding physical urban form and governance structures condition public transportation services, there are also many other factors to consider when discussing sustainability. As such, comprehensive planning and policy-oriented assessment frameworks that are independent of local conditions are still largely missing in literature. This paper presents a Public Transportation Sustainability Indicator List (PTSIL) that provides a platform for an integrated assessment of environmental, economic, and social dimensions of sustainability through an indicator-based approach. To demonstrate its use, the PTSIL is applied to analyze the policy documents of public transportation agencies in Helsinki, Finland, and Toronto, Canada. The results show that while both cities achieve relatively high scores in all dimensions, there is still high variability among individual indicators. The PTSIL presents a missed stepping stone between descriptive definitions of transportation sustainability and case specific sustainability performance assessments, offering an opportunity within the planning and policy-making sectors to review, assess, and develop public transportation services comprehensively.
  • Marionneau, Virve (2015)
    AIMS - The principles of free trade and free circulation of services within the European Union have created pressures to make the strictly controlled European gambling markets more open. According to the Court of Justice of the European Union, restrictions on gambling are only allowed if they are justified in admissible terms of consumer protection, prevention of criminal activity and protection of public order. This study compares the gambling laws of two European societies, France and Finland, to analyse how their legal frames of gambling have been adjusted to these principles. DESIGN - The data consists of up-to-date legislation on gambling in Finland and France. A qualitative analysis was conducted to study whether new ways of justifying have been included in legislative texts and if these are substantiated by measures related to consumer protection or crime prevention. RESULTS - France has mainly justified its restrictive policies on gambling in terms of preventing criminal activities while the Finnish legislation highlights the charitable causes funded by gambling proceeds, a claim not accepted by the Court of Justice of the European Union. Consumer protection is increasingly stressed in both countries, and the range of rationales has also grown notably since 2007. CONCLUSION - While the vocabularies of justification accepted by the CJEU have expanded since 2007, these have not been substantiated by many new legislative measures. This is not attributed to political ill will but rather to the difficulty of changing existing legislative traditions.
  • Ojanen, Julia Maaria (2003)
    The study reflects on how external policy intervention in the form of aid conditionalities constrains local policy-making processes in two post-colonial poor countries, Tanzania and Uganda. The particular case of Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs), a policy conditionality introduced by the World Bank in 1999, demonstrates aptly how policy sovereignty of these highly aid-dependent poor countries is being undermined. National constitutional institutions such as Parliaments play a marginal role in decision-making as the state budget mainly consists of development aid. Policy discussion involves a "free choice of one alternative" largely mandated by the World Bank and other donors within a global policy consensus. It is argued that national policy-making can no longer be separated from the global processes of development diplomacy. Public policy consultations represent a new conditionality attached to the PRSPs. The consultations have mainly empowered actors of "civil society" as representatives of the people at the expense of the elected Members of Parliament. This broadly reflects the changing configuration of political relationships and political authority in Tanzania and Uganda: policy-making circles around the "air-conditioned" and depoliticised sphere of development aid, steered by a narrow coalition of "technocrats" and donors. These policy communities in Tanzania and Uganda involve transnational networks of like-minded economists and other "policy professionals" exercising political power in an ultimately unaccountable manner. The paper concludes that this situation is contradictory to the expressed aims of democratisation of development aid. It is particularly problematic from the perspective of national Parliaments in Africa, who have little power to demand democratic accountability from the international patrons of their countries.
  • Pilz, Stefan; Maerz, Winfried; Cashman, Kevin D.; Kiely, Mairead E.; Whiting, Susan J.; Holick, Michael F.; Grant, William B.; Pludowski, Pawel; Hiligsmann, Mickael; Trummer, Christian; Schwetz, Verena; Lerchbaum, Elisabeth; Pandis, Marlene; Tomaschitz, Andreas; Gruebler, Martin R.; Gaksch, Martin; Verheyen, Nicolas; Hollis, Bruce W.; Rejnmark, Lars; Karras, Spyridon N.; Hahn, Andreas; Bischoff-Ferrari, Heike A.; Reichrath, Jörg; Jorde, Rolf; Elmadfa, Ibrahim; Vieth, Reinhold; Scragg, Robert; Calvo, Mona S.; van Schoor, Natasja M.; Bouillon, Roger; Lips, Paul; Itkonen, Suvi T.; Martineau, Adrian R.; Lamberg-Allardt, Christel; Zittermann, Armin (2018)
    Vitamin D deficiency can lead to musculoskeletal diseases such as rickets and osteomalacia, but vitamin D supplementation may also prevent extraskeletal diseases such as respiratory tract infections, asthma exacerbations, pregnancy complications and premature deaths. Vitamin D has a unique metabolism as it is mainly obtained through synthesis in the skin under the influence of sunlight (i.e., ultraviolet-B radiation) whereas intake by nutrition traditionally plays a relatively minor role. Dietary guidelines for vitamin D are based on a consensus that serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) concentrations are used to assess vitamin D status, with the recommended target concentrations ranging from >= 25 to >= 50 nmol/L (>= 10->= 20 ng/mL), corresponding to a daily vitamin D intake of 10 to 20 mu g (400-800 international units). Most populations fail to meet these recommended dietary vitamin D requirements. In Europe, 25(OH)D concentrations <30 nmol/L (12 ng/mL) and <50 nmol/L (20 ng/mL) are present in 13.0 and 40.4% of the general population, respectively. This substantial gap between officially recommended dietary reference intakes for vitamin D and the high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in the general population requires action from health authorities. Promotion of a healthier lifestyle with more outdoor activities and optimal nutrition are definitely warranted but will not erase vitamin D deficiency and must, in the case of sunlight exposure, be well balanced with regard to potential adverse effects such as skin cancer. Intake of vitamin D supplements is limited by relatively poor adherence (in particular in individuals with low-socioeconomic status) and potential for overdosing. Systematic vitamin D food fortification is, however, an effective approach to improve vitamin D status in the general population, and this has already been introduced by countries such as the US, Canada, India, and Finland. Recent advances in our knowledge on the safety of vitamin D treatment, the dose-response relationship of vitamin D intake and 25(OH)D levels, as well as data on the effectiveness of vitamin D fortification in countries such as Finland provide a solid basis to introduce and modify vitamin D food fortification in order to improve public health with this likewise cost-effective approach.
  • Söderlund, Linda (2004)
    Syftet med pro graduavhandlingen är att undersöka hur responsen fungerar på dagstidningen Hufvudstadsbladets centralredaktion. Jag har undersökt olika kanaler för att ge respons, journalisters och redaktionsledningens attityder till respons, vilka typer av respons som förekommer, samt ett strategidokuments betydelse då respons skall ges. Jag har gjort temaintervjuer med sju journalister och tre personer från redaktionsledningen, samt kompletterande intervjuer med hälften av dem. Jag har även observerat redaktionens morgon- och eftermiddagsmöten under två veckor. Underlaget för analysen består i de utskrivna intervjuerna och anteckningarna från redaktionsmötena och undersökningen är således materialstyrd. Litteraturen som använts beskriver organisationskultur, ledarskap, redaktionellt arbete, journalistikkritik och respons. De viktigaste källorna är Löfgren Nilsson (1999), Ruohomäki (2001 & 2002), Kärreman (1996), Ekström & Nohrstedt (1996), samt Alvesson (1995). Den officiella responsen ges på redaktionens morgon- och eftermiddagsmöten och på den elektroniska anslagstavlan. Den officiella responsen ger riktlinjer för vad som anses vara hög kvalitet på tidningen och enskilda artiklar. Problemet är att journalisterna inte deltar i mötena och därför går miste om den här informationen och också om den viktiga bekräftelsen på att det de gör är betydelsefullt. Den inofficiella responsen ges under arbetsdagen och kommer i huvudsak från kolleger, redaktionsledning, läsare och språkvårdaren. Majoriteten av medarbetarna är missnöjda med hur responsen fungerar. Journalisterna vill att redaktionsledningen skall ta ett större ansvar för att ge respons, medan redaktionsledningen vill att responsen ska skötas inom avdelningarna. I responsen tas det fasta på helheter, detaljer, innehåll och språk. Små detaljer dominerar responsen och journalisterna efterlyser mera textkritik. Konstruktiv respons uppskattas mest, men också positiv, kritisk och negativ respons förekommer. Många medarbetare tycker att det är svårt att ge respons, men de vill själva gärna ha respons även om de inte vill be om den. Om responsen anses vara berättigad och ges av en uppskattad kollega försöker journalisten förändra sitt skrivande. Hbl:s strategidokument kan ses som en form av policy. Strategidokumentet har gett upphov till diskussioner kring riktlinjerna för det journalistiska arbetet, men journalisterna upplever ändå att dokumentet inte har förankrats ordentligt. Strategidokumentet används i viss mån som referensram då man ger respons, dock inte systematiskt.
  • Heusala, Anna-Liisa; Pyykönen, Emilia; Kivinen, Markku Jalmari (Prime Minister's Office, 2016)
    Publications of the Government's analysis, assessment and research activities
    The first part of the two-piece project consists of an evaluation of peer-reviewed research on Russian security policy, conducted in Finland in 2011-2015. The second part is based on an analysis of Russia’s key security policy trends. In this part, Russia’s goals, resources and ability to carry out its goals in defence, economy, societal and state security, and the effect on Finland are evaluated. The report recommends the construction of a strategy on Russian security policy research, which would concentrate on crucial, but less studied themes. Based on the evaluation of Russia’s security developments, the report offers recommendations for Finland’s foreign and security policy. It is essential that Finnish decision makers assess Russia’s development in a comprehensive manner and are prepared for various alternatives.
  • Veney, David (Helsingin yliopisto, 2018)
    This research explores the way in which the Russian-speaking community of Narva, Estonia perceives their identity and sense of belongingness in relation to Estonia and Russia through self-reflection. Sixteen interviews with residents of Narva reveal perceptions of discrimination and integration and the surrounding discourses on inclusion and exclusion which define and influence how Russian-speaking Estonians balance their relationship with Russian and Estonian societies. The theoretical framework is composed of psychological and sociological theories which examine the individual and social aspects involved in the relationships the interviewees describe. The research underlines the value in having a deeper understanding of minority populations along critical borders to develop appropriate and effective national-level policies which affect the community, country of residence and country of origin of the minority community. This research aims to add to the existing literature focused on the study of minority communities along critical borders in general and Russian-speaking communities spread across the Post-Soviet Space in particular as well as describe the factors that influence their mobilization and transnationalism.
  • Norton, Michael; Baldi, Andras; Buda, Vicas; Carli, Bruno; Cudlin, Pavel; Jones, Mike B.; Korhola, Atte; Michalski, Rajmund; Novo, Francisco; Oszlányi, Július; Santos, Filpe Duarte; Schink, Bernhard; Shepherd, John; Vet, Louise; Walloe, Lars; Wijkman, Anders (2019)
    Abstract In recent years, the production of pellets derived from forestry biomass to replace coal for electricity generation has been increasing, with over 10 million tonnes traded internationally?primarily between United States and Europe but with an increasing trend to Asia. Critical to this trade is the classification of woody biomass as ?renewable energy? and thus eligible for public subsidies. However, much scientific study on the net effect of this trend suggests that it is having the opposite effect to that expected of renewable energy, by increasing atmospheric levels of carbon dioxide for substantial periods of time. This review, based on recent work by Europe's Academies of Science, finds that current policies are failing to recognize that removing forest carbon stocks for bioenergy leads to an initial increase in emissions. Moreover, the periods during which atmospheric CO2 levels are raised before forest regrowth can reabsorb the excess emissions are incompatible with the urgency of reducing emissions to comply with the objectives enshrined in the Paris Agreement. We consider how current policy might be reformed to reduce negative impacts on climate and argue for a more realistic science-based assessment of the potential of forest bioenergy in substituting for fossil fuels. The length of time atmospheric concentrations of CO2 increase is highly dependent on the feedstocks and we argue for regulations to explicitly require these to be sources with short payback periods. Furthermore, we describe the current United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change accounting rules which allow imported biomass to be treated as zero emissions at the point of combustion and urge their revision to remove the risk of these providing incentives to import biomass with negative climate impacts. Reforms such as these would allow the industry to evolve to methods and scales which are more compatible with the basic purpose for which it was designed.
  • Sulkunen, Pekka; Babor, Thomas F.; Cisneros-Örnberg, Jenny; Egerer, Michael; Hellman, Matilda; Livingstone, Charles; Marionneau, Virve; Nikkinen, Janne; Orford, Jim; Room, Robin; Rossow, Ingeborg (2021)
    The gambling industry has grown into a global business in the 21st century. This has created the need for a new emphasis on problem prevention. This article highlights the core themes of the book Setting Limits: Gambling, Science and Public Policy, taking a broad view of the consequences of gambling for society as a burden on health, well-being and equality. The book covers the extent of gambling and gambling-related problems in different societies and presents a critical review of research on industry practices, policy objectives and preventive approaches, including services to people suffering from gambling and its consequences. It discusses the developments in game characteristics and gambling environments and provides evidence on how regulation can affect those. Effective measures to minimize gambling harm exist and many are well supported by scientific evidence. They include restrictions on general availability as well as selective measures to prevent gamblers from overspending. The revenue generated from gambling for the industry, governments, and providers of public services funded from gambling returns presents an obstacle to developing policies to implement harm-reduction measures. A public interest approach must weigh these interests against the suffering and losses of the victims of gambling.
  • Lehtonen, Heikki S.; Aakkula, Jyrki; Fronzek, Stefan; Helin, Janne; Hildén, Mikael; Huttunen, Suvi; Kaljonen, Minna; Niemi, Jyrki; Palosuo, Taru; Pirttioja, Nina; Rikkonen, Pasi; Varho, Vilja; Carter, Timothy R. (Springer Nature, 2021)
    Regional Environmental Change 21: 7
    Shared socioeconomic pathways (SSPs), developed at global scale, comprise narrative descriptions and quantifications of future world developments that are intended for climate change scenario analysis. However, their extension to national and regional scales can be challenging. Here, we present SSP narratives co-developed with stakeholders for the agriculture and food sector in Finland. These are derived from intensive discussions at a workshop attended by approximately 39 participants offering a range of sectoral perspectives. Using general background descriptions of the SSPs for Europe, facilitated discussions were held in parallel for each of four SSPs reflecting very different contexts for the development of the sector up to 2050 and beyond. Discussions focused on five themes from the perspectives of consumers, producers and policy-makers, included a joint final session and allowed for post-workshop feedback. Results reflect careful sector-based, national-level interpretations of the global SSPs from which we have constructed consensus narratives. Our results also show important critical remarks and minority viewpoints. Interesting features of the Finnish narratives compared to the global SSP narratives include greater emphasis on environmental quality; significant land abandonment in SSPs with reduced livestock production and increased plant-based diets; continued need for some farm subsidies across all SSPs and opportunities for diversifying domestic production under scenarios of restricted trade. Our results can contribute to the development of more detailed national long-term scenarios for food and agriculture that are both relevant for local stakeholders and researchers as well as being consistent with global scenarios being applied internationally.