Browsing by Subject "policy-making"

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  • Gelman, Vladimir (Издательство Европейского университета в Санкт-Петербурге, 2019)
  • Paredes, Yenny Hinostroza (International Institute of Social and Economic Sciences, 2019)
    Proceedings of the Teaching Education Conferences
    This article examines an under-researched area of education in Chile by exploring how contemporary initial teacher education policy addresses the professionalism of university-based teacher educators. While the content analysis is limited by the data available, its focus is on describing the notion of teacher educators' professionalism inherent in the current political discourse. First, findings show that policy pays scarce attention to the professionalism of teacher educators; most of these policies are part of general policies for university-based initial teacher education programs. Second, located within the academia, the prevalent view of teacher educators' professionalism is centered in a particular construction of the teacher-researcher that stresses greater the role of the researcher. Third, policy predominantly defines educators' professionalism in terms of market-oriented values (competences, knowledge-related resources). Finally, the article concludes by considering the implications for developing initial teacher education policy that puts greater emphasis on teacher educators, strengthens their professionalism, and positions them for an active role in policy-making.
  • Gel'man, Vladimir (2021)
    This essay is focused on the analysis of several success stories of state-directed developmental projects and programmes in Russia, which are designed and implemented amid conditions of bad governance. I argue that these success stories do not serve as exceptions to the general rules of bad governance but rather confirm its overall tendencies. The prioritisation of state support for successful projects and programmes is related to conspicuous consumption of material and symbolic benefits by the political leadership against the background of mediocre policy outcomes beyond the 'pockets of efficiency' intentionally designed by authorities. The analysis of several success stories related to technological development and the advancement of higher education addresses the questions of why they were short-lived and resulted in diminished returns and/or weak multiplicative effects. Thus, success stories become the other side of the coin for bad governance: these achievements are intertwined with the general trends of governing the state.
  • Gel'man, Vladimir (Издательство Европейского университета в Санкт-Петербурге, 2017)
    Серия препринтов Центра исследований модернизации
  • Gelman, Vladimir; Appel, Hilary (George Washington University, 2015)
    PONARS Policy Memo Series
  • Gel'man, Vladimir (Forschungstelle Otseuropa, Universität Bremen, 2020)
    Russland-Analysen
  • Khmelnitskaya, Marina (2017)
    Policy expertise and policy experts are expected to play an important role in the policy-making process, both around the world and in Russia. However, the patterns of long-term policy shifts involving technical expertise are insufficiently understood. To what extent do experts influence policy in Russia? To date, this question remains unanswered. These issues are considered here in the case of housing policy.
  • Gelman, Vladimir (George Washington University, 2018)
    PONARS Policy Memos
  • Gel'man, Vladimir (2017)
    This article analyses post-Soviet reforms in Russia, and treats them as an example of 'authoritarian modernization', which were implemented to achieve a high level of socioeconomic development by focusing on rapid economic growth while neglecting political democratization. It discusses the arguments in favour of authoritarian modernization as such, and the dilemmas, challenges, and constraints in its implementation which became evident during the period of 1990-2010s. A special emphasis is made on the poor quality of the Russian state against the background of its relatively low international integration. The rent-seeking nature of the state together with the formation and further entrenchment of an electorally authoritarian regime provide negative incentives for the implementation of authoritarian modernization. The article considers a number of contradictions associated with such a project in Russia, including some unintended consequences of the economic growth, including the growth of the demands for democratization, the disjuncture between ambitious policy reforms and their inept implementation by the state apparatus, and the 'mediocrity syndrome' resulting from unjustified claims of Russia's unique influence on the global scale. The article concludes that the features of Russia's current political and economic order impose insurmountably high barriers for the implementation of authoritarian modernization in terms of ideas, institutions, and policies, thereby exhausting the very potential of this project.
  • Appel, Hilary; Gel'man, Vladimir (George Washington University, 2015)
    ПОНАРС Евразия - аналитические записки