Browsing by Subject "positionally sensitive grammar, construction grammar, interactional linguistics, sequence organization"

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  • Lindström, Jan Krister; Auer, Peter (2015)
    In this paper, we argue that the suggested mirror-equivalence of ‘left-’ and ‘right-’ adjoined or -positioned constituents in syntax is misleading from the point of view of Interac-tional Linguistics and needs to be replaced by a positionally sensitive grammatical analysis, in which pre- and post-positioning is seen in the context of the sequential unfolding of conversa-tion in time. We show this on the basis of various examples from conversational German and Swedish. Our main empirical focus is on pre- and post-positioned verba sentiendi expressions of the type ich denke… or jag tror (cf. English ‘I think’). A quantitative analysis shows that these expressions have an uneven distribution in pre- and post-position, as well as in different discourse genres. In a sequential analysis, we can see a positionally sensitive differentiation with respect to syntactic integration and interactional meaning, especially with reference to the dynamics of stance taking and turn taking.
  • Lindström, Jan Krister (2014)
    This study elaborates the concept of a positionally sensitive grammar with respect to the sequentiality of turns and the turn constructional units in conversation. The linguistic object of the analysis is clausal constructions in Swedish that are initiated by the finite predicate verb: polar questions, receipt questions (news receipts), conditional protases and pro-drop declaratives. These constructions share potentially the same syntactic surface pattern but are constrained by different sequential conditions of use. The study proposes an integrated interactional linguistic analysis which takes into account both syntactic and sequential aspects of turn construction. A grammatical attribute-value matrix, based on the framework of construction grammar (CxG), is introduced. The analysis shows that regularities of sequential organization may provide robust distinctive constructional features while a pure syntactic analysis remains less distinctive. The decisive constructional features are systematically captured by a notation designed for sequential and syntactic organization.