Browsing by Subject "predicate"

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  • Siegl, Florian (Helsingin yliopiston kirjasto, 2022)
    Forest Enets has two caritive derivations (Sorokina 2010: 148–150; Siegl 2013: 170–172) which, so far, were covered comparatively shallowly. The central task of this study is to delimit the morphosyntax of the verbal -ši and the nominal caritive -šuđ derivations with a short note on functionally and etymologically similar categories in Tundra Enets and Tundra Nenets. Furthermore, the morphosyntactic properties of the Forest Enets nominal caritive will be discussed with special reference to other participant-oriented adjuncts (Himmelmann & Schultze-Berndt 2005) such as essive, benefactive and comitative derivations.
  • Viimaranta, Leena Johanna; Vihervä, Marju (2019)
    Onomatopoeic interjections (words such as the Russian bac and tjap and their English equivalents bang and pow) are not only used to imitate sounds. Russian linguistics has long acknowledged their use in predicate function instead of verb forms (for example, bac ego po lbu 'bang (interjection) him on the forehead'), but similar use is not widely reported for other languages. Instead of using the intuition of native speakers to test the possibility of this construction in different languages, we test the usefulness of a parallel corpus for such linguistic purposes. This study uses six different bilingual corpora and the multilingual Corpus of Parallel Texts of the Russian National Corpus to investigate the possibility of such uses as well as the meaning components involved and thus explicated in the translations. We conclude that predicate function seems to be a feature very characteristic of Russian, but it occurs in other languages as well. In translations from or into Russian, where Russian uses an onomatopoeic interjection in predicate function, the other language tends to use a verb, a combination of an interjection and a verb, or finds fit to explicate the deliberately ambiguous but very expressive Russian meaning in other ways.