Browsing by Subject "prejudice"

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  • Salleh-Hoddin, Amiirah (Helsingfors universitet, 2017)
    Research on the ethnic Malay minority in Singapore has attempted to examine the issue of the community’s academic underachievement over the years tend to only look at it through the lens of historical and socio-political factors. This exploratory study is thus to contribute to the limited literature on Malays in Singapore from a socio-psychological perspective, especially in relation to Malay ethnic identification, perceptions of prejudice, and academic underachievement. Results of the study show that beliefs about ethnic injustice, but not academic performance, had more of an effect on psychological disengagement among ethnic Malay-Muslim students in Singapore. Higher ethnic identification predicted greater psychological disengagement, particularly discounting processes, as well as accounted for lower academic self-concept in general and also in the two subscales of academic confidence and academic effort. Rather than used as a justification to continue the harmful narrative of ‘cultural deficit’ and ‘minority mindset’, it is hoped that knowing the relationship between ethnic identification and academic self-concept and psychological disengagement processes in the academic domain would help inform future research in finding new targeted ways to counter these behaviours and increase achievement.
  • Visintin, Emilio Paolo; Brylka, Asteria; Green, Eva G. T.; Mahonen, Tuuli Anna; Jasinskaja-Lahti, Inga (2016)
    Objective: Research on intergroup contact and prejudice reduction has dedicated little attention to relations between minority groups. We examined whether interminority extended contact, that is, the knowledge that a member of the minority ingroup has a friend from the minority outgroup, is associated with positive outgroup attitudes. Affective (outgroup empathy and outgroup trust) and cognitive (ingroup norm) mediators were considered. Method: Two correlational studies were conducted. Study 1 (N = 640, 50% female, mean age = 44 years) was conducted in Bulgaria among the Bulgarian Turkish and Roma ethnic minorities, while Study 2 (N = 458, 67% female, mean age = 44 years) was conducted in Finland among Estonian and Russian immigrants. Results: Path analyses showed that, over and above the effects of direct contact between the minority groups, interminority extended contact was associated with positive outgroup attitudes in both intergroup settings. These effects occurred through empathy (Study 1), trust, and ingroup norms (Study 2). Conclusion: The 2 studies highlight interminority extended contact as a means to promote harmonious interminority relationships and suggest the implementation of interventions based on extended contact to reduce interminority prejudice and to foster solidarity among minorities.