Browsing by Subject "puutarhaterapia"

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  • Lahtinen, Leena (Helsingfors universitet, 2017)
    The experiences of an individual build and shape his or her personality. Experiences of nature contribute considerably to the development of children’s self-esteem and self-image. It is worth bearing in mind that the children of today will become the builders and decision-makers of tomorrow and, therefore, their education is of great importance. Their attitudes and values will define the development and well-being of our society. Children’s experiences of their daily lives are a key element of this study. The study explored 5–6-year-old kindergarten children’s (n = 98) experiences of garden activities. The garden was examined as a physical, psychological, social and cognitive environment for growth and learning. The study concentrated on the children’s emotional responses that were aroused by garden activities and on the function of the garden as a social meeting place for children. A further aim of the study was to follow the development of the 5–6-year-old participants’ knowledge of the garden and nature. The children’s experiences were assessed with a drawing task, Me as a Gardener, that was supplemented with individual interviews, conducted between 2014–2015. The children’s emotional experiences and knowledge of nature were enhanced as a result of the garden activities. The activities contributed to an increase in positive experiences and self-image, especially in the case of boys, and to the development of an understanding of the effects of gardening. Based on this study can be expected to, an intentional use of the garden as a growth and learning environment encourages the growth of children in early-childhood education settings.
  • Akkanen, Anni-Maija (Helsingfors universitet, 2014)
    Young people are often vulnerable to mental disorders while they are in a sensitive and fragile developmental stage. Mental disorders are becoming more and more common among young people at an alarming rate. It is estimated that one in five young people suffers from some form of mental disorder and would benefit from a treatment. Mental disorders demand different kinds of treatments. Medical treatment is not the only solution and it should be supported by some sort of functional therapy. By medical treatment you can treat the symptom, not the cause of it. Functional therapy is designed to accustom the patient back to the normal daily habits. It helps the patient to adjust to the normal live after a period in hospital. Different kinds of therapies should be motivating and effective in order to achieve the coals. The empowering effects of nature have been utilized in metal health care. Garden activity has been found to have a positive effect on the human experience of self-confidence and on the ability to cope in social contacts. It has been found to relieve aggression and stress as well as to improve attention and maintenance of social relationships. In natural environments the patient can feel from the treatment relationship and forget about his or her patient status for a while. This study focused to therapeutic horticulture and how it affects young people with mental health problems. The study involved young people in Pitkäniemi psychiatric hospital in two different departments. Young people took part in a weekly garden group from May to September. The aim was to find out if garden activities have an effect to the concentration and mood. Young people self-evaluated their ability to concentrate and their mood before and after the horticultural therapy session. The activities in the garden plot and the patients participating in the garden activities were observed. The nurses were interviewed after the study period. Positive results were obtained. Young people felt that they were calmer, happier and refreshed after therapeutic horticulture session and their concentration was increased. Plants were treated with care and the young patients participated in various work without any preconceptions.