Browsing by Subject "radicalism"

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  • Raatikainen, Kaisa J.; Purhonen, Jenna; Pohjanmies, Tähti; Peura, Maiju; Nieminen, Eini; Mustajärvi, Linda; Helle, Ilona; Shennan-Farpon, Yara; Ahti, Pauliina A.; Basile, Marco; Bernardo, Nicola; Bertram, Michael G.; Bouarakia, Oussama; Brias-Guinart, Aina; Fijen, Thijs; Froidevaux, Jeremy S. P.; Hemmingmoore, Heather; Hocevar, Sara; Kendall, Liam; Lampinen, Jussi; Marjakangas, Emma-Liina; Martin, Jake M.; Oomen, Rebekah A.; Segre, Hila; Sidemo-Holm, William; Silva, Andre P.; Thorbjornsen, Susanna Huneide; Torrents-Tico, Miquel; Zhang, Di; Ziemacki, Jasmin (2021)
    Scientists have warned decision-makers about the severe consequences of the global environmental crisis since the 1970s. Yet ecological degradation continues and little has been done to address climate change. We investigated early-career conservation researchers' (ECR) perspectives on, and prioritization of, actions furthering sustainability. We conducted a survey (n = 67) and an interactive workshop (n = 35) for ECR attendees of the 5th European Congress of Conservation Biology (2018). Building on these data and discussions, we identified ongoing and forthcoming advances in conservation science. These include increased transdisciplinarity, science communication, advocacy in conservation, and adoption of a transformation-oriented social-ecological systems approach to research. The respondents and participants had diverse perspectives on how to achieve sustainability. Reformist actions were emphasized as paving the way for more radical changes in the economic system and societal values linked to the environment and inequality. Our findings suggest that achieving sustainability requires a strategy that (1) incorporates the multiplicity of people's views, (2) places a greater value on nature, and (3) encourages systemic transformation across political, social, educational, and economic realms on multiple levels. We introduce a framework for ECRs to inspire their research and practice within conservation science to achieve real change in protecting biological diversity.
  • D'Amato, Dalia; Droste, Nils; Chan, Sander; Hofer, Anton (2017)
    The Green Economy is a strategic development concept of the United Nations incorporating a broad array of potential meanings and implications. It is subject to academic conceptualisation, operationalisation, reflection and criticism. The aim of our paper is to conceptualise a subset of the multi-faceted and at times polarised debate around the implications and applications of the Green Economy concept, and to provide reflective grounds for approaches towards the concept. By using qualitative content analysis and a participatory approach, we investigate perceptions of young researchers from various disciplines working on issues related to the Green Economy. The spectrum of disparate perceptions observed among the respondents is accommodated within a two-dimensional model. The dimensions are 1) the degree and nature of desired societal change in relation to the current economic model and set of institutions; and 2) the role of research in delivering such change. We discuss the model in light of the existing literature.
  • Pyrhönen, Niko Johannes (University of Helsinki, Swedish School of Social Science, 2015)
    SSKH skrifter
    At the beginning of the millennium, a concern for the future of the welfare state in the globalized era was widely shared across the Finnish political spectrum. Further politicizing the question of immigration, neo-populist advocates mobilized a markedly heterogeneous constituency to support the right-wing populist Perussuomalaiset party, establishing the previously minor party among the three largest ones in the parliament. Employing a wide range of narratives, specifically tailored to different arenas of public debate, neo-populism soon acquired a chameleonic character that allowed front-line politicians and grassroots level advocates to secure support from constituencies in the blue-collared working-class, the middle classes and the dot.net generation. Instrumental in the expansion of the Perussuomalaiset voter base was the neo-populists ability to consistently facilitate exposure in the media for a welfare nationalist political agenda that framed their exclusionary immigration critique as part of a mundane socio-political debate aimed at saving our welfare state. In order to examine the consolidation of neo-populism into a resonant collective identity, the present study operationalizes theoretical contributions from critical nationalism studies a compound body of literature in sociology, political science and media studies into three analytical lenses. Triangulating between these lenses, the empirical analysis focuses on the narrative agency of neo-populist advocates, uncovering how the seedbed of favorable political opportunity structures was harnessed in their political mobilization. The collection of narrative data from a variety of arenas of public debate, and its subsequent analysis, is structured by a historical reconstruction of three critical turning points taking place before, during and right after the electoral victory of the Perussuomalaiset in 2011. The results of this doctoral study point to a conclusion that neo-populist mobilization was first advanced through narratives of exclusionary boundary-work, employed for the purpose of justifying a welfare nationalist focus on immigration politics as the panacea for the ailing welfare state. Constructing an idealized legacy of an empowering welfare state and harmoniously homogeneous civil society, neo-populists proliferated public stories that place the blame for the welfare state s globalized challenges on immigration. Moreover, through strategic social action in various online arenas of contested media space, the neo-populists sought to further personalize and emotionalize the debate on immigration. This served to consolidate a collective identity based on victimized self-understanding, whereby their political opponents and public critics were positioned into distinct enemy categories, such as the elite controlled media, irresponsible Green Khmers and detached ladies with flowery hats.
  • Huhta, Aleksi (Työväen historian ja perinteen tutkimuksen seura, 2021)
    This dissertation examines the racial thinking of Finnish radicals in the early twentieth century United States. It studies how and why Finnish radical immigrants used racial ideas to describe and explain human difference. It also examines how and why Finnish thinking on race changed during this time. The study focuses on the time period between 1900 and the late 1930s. During these years, Finns formed one of the largest immigrant groups in the Socialist Party, the IWW and the Communist Party. Yet, the ex tensive research on the U.S. Left’s troubled relationship with race has largely ignored these immigrant radicals. Studies on Euro pean immigrants’ racial thought, on the other hand, have often not paid due attention to radical immigrants’ ideas on race. The main sources for this study are six Finnish-language labor news papers that were published in the early 1900s in the United States. The present work also makes use of non-fiction books, memoirs, pamphlets and other printed material that was written by both Finnish and American radicals in the United States. This study is premised on the notion that race is a product of history, not of nature. It is a historically constructed set of be liefs about the humankind’s division into groups with inherent and intrinsic mental characteristics. The study maps how ideas about race were expressed, debated, questioned and contested in the Finnish immigrant press. Racial ideas are analyzed as pro-444 445 ducts of interactive and political processes, not as closed ideolo gical constructs. The cross-border character of these processes is emphasized. The study contributes to Finnish-American historiography, migration history and studies of race and ethnicity. First, this stu dy challenges the well-worn idea that Finnish immigrants were a particularly “clannish” immigrant group. The study will illustrate that their political concerns and activities went well beyond their ethnic community and that their thinking drew on varied intel lectual influences. Second, this dissertation asserts that European immigrants were active agents in the construction of racial kno wledge. They were not simple conformers to American racism. Finally, the study illustrates that Finnish-American racial thin king drew on a variety of intellectual sources, including Marxist notions of historical development, Darwinism, media’s lynching coverage and the Communist Party’s antiracism. This has broa der implications for studies of race and ethnicity. It challenges the notion that race and racism have a single source or origin (for example, racial science or colonial encounters). This study contends that race has a more complex intellectual history, which also goes to explain its continuing pervasiveness and mutability.