Browsing by Subject "recreational use"

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  • Tuunanen, Pekka; Tarasti, Markus (Ympäristöministeriö, 2015)
    The Finnish Environment 5en | 2015
    Everyman’s right is an important part of people’s lives in Finland, particularly outside urban areas. Irrespective of people’s place of residence, everyman’s right plays an important role for them, especially in outdoor recreation, eco-tourism and the use of nature as a source of livelihood. Without everyman’s right, people would be confined to public areas, roads and the land that they personally own. This publication is intended for anyone who wishes to gain a broader understanding of everyman’s right. In particular, the publication is targeted at authorities, associations and the representatives of private companies. The publication discusses everyman’s right on the basis of current legislation, without making any claim to presenting new interpretations regarding the scope or content of the right. Ultimately, the framework and guidelines for the public’s right to take advantage of everyman’s right are set forth in legislation. As legislation often defines only the boundaries for punishable conduct, this publication also discusses the best practices of public land access, and provides suggestions for preventing problems. Everyman’s right is discussed from the multiple perspectives of outdoor recreation, land use, land ownership and the people that exercise this right. This publication does not provide a criterion for assessing the permissibility of any individual act, as courts always interpret the legislation in light of the special characteristics and circumstances of the cases presented to them.
  • Orsi, Francesco; Ciolli, Marvo; Primmer, Eeva; Varumo, Liisa; Geneletti, Davide (Butterworth Scientific, 2020)
    Land Use Policy 99 : 104840
    Forests cover about 40 % of the European Union (EU), providing a wide spectrum of invaluable ecosystem services to more than half a billion people. In order to protect and harness this crucial asset, EU policies are advancing multifunctional management. This study lays a basis for such an effort by mapping the supply of key forest ecosystem services (FES) across the entire EU: wood, water supply, erosion control, pollination, habitat protection, soil formation, climate regulation and recreation. To further support the operationalization of multifunctionality and targeting of policies, our analysis delineates hotspots, assesses synergies and tradeoffs, and identifies spatial bundles. We generated maps at 1-km resolution starting from existing datasets through simple modelling (Tier 1). Out of these maps, we denoted the highest supplying pixels (i.e. top 20 %) as hotspots, and performed correlation analysis to detect synergies and tradeoffs. Finally, we used cluster analysis to identify FES bundles. Our analysis shows that hotspots of single FES are spread across the entire EU and that forests of mountain regions and Central Europe (particularly France, Germany, Slovakia) supply significant amounts of multiple FES. The cluster analysis resulted in four bundles: “balanced” in the northeast, “wood & water” in the center, “soil carbon” in the north and “rural-recreational” in the south. While a purely quantitative analysis of the produced maps may be misleading because of the strong links between FES supply and climatic and socio-economic conditions, overlaying hotspots and bundles with administrative layers can be a first step to inform about the role of different countries and regions in securing the sustainable supply of European FES.