Browsing by Subject "relations"

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  • Kharlamova, Mariia (Helsingin yliopisto, 2019)
    The genre of a romance novel is one of the most widespread and popular literature genres nowadays. Over the course of its history it has been changing and obtaining new traits due to the influence of modern tendencies, society and its way of life. One of the most recent and bestselling representatives of this genre is French writer Agnès Martin-Lugand, whose novels Les gens heureux lisent et boivent du café (2013) et La vie est facile, ne t'inquiète pas (2015) constitute the body of the research. As both novels represent modern life of the main character Diane, the second one being the continuation of the storyline, they reflect contemporary social tendencies, in this case emancipation. Thus, the aim of the research is to analyze both novels and to determine if they belong to the genre of romance novel or the traits of emancipation prevail. The research consists of defining the genre of romance novel, plot structure and its particularities, as well as description of characters. Using qualitative analysis, all theoretical findings are projected on two chosen novels of Agnès Martin-Lugand, including the template of the plot by Pamela Regis (2003) and description of the characters by Kay Mussell (1984). Furthermore, the research studies the role of emancipation in the genre of romance novel and analyzes its presence and influence on the plot. The analyses allow to conclude that the novels Les gens heureux lisent et boivent du café et La vie est facile, ne t'inquiète pas belong to the genre of the romance novel as they reflect most of the traits of the genre provided that both novels are considered as one story, which was the condition of the research. Thus, the presence of emancipation plays secondary role by being one of the particularities of the genre and its modern tendencies.
  • Irwin, Joshua James (Helsingfors universitet, 2017)
    This thesis is not an analysis of trekking as an activity; rather it is about a specific form of tourism as a type of relationship in the world, which can affect modes being in the world. That is ethnic tourism in Pai village Mae Hong Son province Thailand. By examining so called “Hill Tribe” trekking tours as a point of inquiry into forms of touristic interaction I hope to expand on the notion that the ability to enact and manipulate various social roles opens up new channels for being in the world. The overall focus on guides who lead such tours is intended to help elaborate on the fluid nature of social roles and relations. Being at once local actors and conduits to the outside world, through their interaction with tourists, guides fill a unique role in the specialized network of relations that is modern tourism. The approach this study has towards tourism as a specialized type of encounter offers us the potential to better understand why people actively seek out encounters with other cultures, in other places This thesis attempts to develop the argument that through interaction with tourists trekking guides operating out of Pai village in Thailand sell experiences of place and people where in guides themselves come to be symbolic representations of place for their clients. As a type of commodity these experiences are the manifestations of idealized states of being which become subjectively real through interaction; when actors create one another. Through the mediation of experience and encounters trekking guides develop and enact their social role; during the physical act of guiding they come to embody a local setting as they guide tourists through space and interactions to create a local picture of reality under a foreign gaze. Tourism is approached here as a behavior or activity about forging relations between discreet groups of actors as they encounter one another in places for tourism. It is in this line of thought that I try to move away from such an analytical sphere wherein all social acts are ultimately acts of destruction, to one where we instead view human action as being about the social production of other human beings in relation to the self. The physical activity of “Hill Tribe” trekking tourism from the perspective of the tourists is seen here as a specialized type of behavior which actively produces persons through movement in space and time, and interaction with and relation to idealized others. More than anything tourism must be what it results in, a type of relationship defined by new encounters. What the tourist seeks to gain from any given encounter is an essential building block in the relational process of being which we call tourism. People acting in relation to other people with the goal of effecting particular outcomes creates shared realities, in which persons come to understand the self through its relation to others. Therefore the experiences gained through entering into the relational state of being we call tourism hold higher potentials for the active social production of relations rather than a destructive potential for social consumption when tourists and local actors become engaged in the mutual act of inter-personal creation of the other.
  • Kettunen, Antti (Helsingfors universitet, 2016)
    The purpose of the study was to identify the differences between forest machine enter-prises’ operational environments in Finland and Sweden and to find out what kind of rela-tionships and contracts these enterprises have with their clients. The purpose was also to identify what kind of growth strategies are implemented and what sort of financing op-portunities are offered in forest machine industry. The aim of this study was also to con-duct an evaluation of financial potential of the forest machine industry in both countries. This study uses qualitative methods. The material was gathered through five interviews conducted in Finland and five in Sweden during the summer and autumn of 2015. The material was analyzed through thematizing. The interviews hold four main themes which included operational environment, relationships and contracts, growth and success and finance. The operational environment was considered more positive in Finland, due to the future large investments targeted to the country`s forest industry. The main difference between the two countries is that most of the clients use key contractor model in Finland which is not commonly applied in Sweden and this had clear effects on the results of this study. Also, contractors in Finland often have more clients than in Sweden. The service contracts contained the same basic conditions in both countries except the duration of the contract, which was longer in Finland. Contractors generally used internal growth and corporate acquisition as their growth strategy in both countries. Contractors were more expansionary and open to growth in Finland than in Sweden. They also used the same kind of financial products in both countries. According to the results, the forest machine industry has the same financial potential in both countries, since the urge of financing will not disappear in the future.