Browsing by Subject "rotational motion"

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  • Taylor, George; Hillers, Gregor; Vuorinen, Tommi (2021)
    We estimate vertical rotation rates for 204 earthquakes that were induced by the 2018 stimulation of the Espoo/Helsinki geothermal reservoir from wavefield gradients across geophone arrays. The array-derived rotation rates from seismograms recorded at 6-9 km hypocentral distances vary between 10(-9) and 10(-7) rad s(-1), indicating a comparable sensitivity to portable rotational instruments. Using co-located observations of translational and rotational motion, we estimate the local propagation direction and the apparent phase speed of SH waves, and compare these estimates with those obtained by S wave beamforming. Propagation directions generally align with the earthquake back azimuths, but both techniques show deviations indicative of heterogeneous seismic structure. The rotational method facilitates a station-by-station approach that resolves site specific variations that are controlled by the local geology. We measure apparent S wave speeds larger than 5 km s(-1), consistent with steep incidence angles and high propagation velocities in the Fennoscandian Shield.