Browsing by Subject "self-help"

Sort by: Order: Results:

Now showing items 1-5 of 5
  • Laakso, Jaana Marjukka (Helsingin yliopisto, 2018)
    Self-help -oppeihin nojautuvien hyvinvointipalveluiden tarjonta on kasvanut viime vuosina. Yhä useammat hyödyntävät erilaisten valmentajien ja konsulttien palveluita yksityis- ja työelämässään. Rhonda Byrnen The Secret-bestsellerin sekä muiden suurelle yleisölle kirjoitettujen self-help-kirjojen mukaan kaikilla ihmisillä on mahdollisuus saavuttaa lähes mitä tahansa oman asenteen ja positiivisen ajattelun avulla. Kriitikkojen mukaan tällainen ajattelu on esimerkki maagisesta voluntarismista, joka liioittelee käsitystä ihmisen toimijuudesta. Debatti on osa laajempaa tieteellistä keskustelua ihmisen toimijuuden rajoista. Self-help-teemoihin nojaavien palveluiden yleistyessä myös tarve aiheen tutkimukselle on kasvanut. Tämän tutkimuksen tavoitteena on selvittää, miten self helpiin ja elämäntaidon valmentamiseen liittyvä toimijuus rakentuu haastateltavien elämäntaidon valmentajien puheissa. Elämäntaidon valmentajien puheita peilataan toimijuuskeskusteluun osallistuneiden teoreetikkojen näkökulmiin. Tutkielman aineisto koostuu kuudesta väittämämetodin avulla kerätystä yksilöhaastattelusta, jotka toteutettiin syksyllä 2015. Haastateltavat harjoittivat elämäntaidon valmennusta oman yrityksen tai toiminimen kautta. Aineisto on kerätty ja analysoitu laadullisen asennetutkimuksen metodeja käyttäen. Aineistosta löytyi viisi erilaista tulkintarepertuaaria, joihin haastateltavat vetosivat kommentoidessaan väittämiä: yksilön oman asenteen repertuaari, rakenteiden repertuaari, itsensä löytämisen repertuaari, sosiaalisen tuen repertuaari sekä sattuman ja kohtalon repertuaari. Nämä repertuaarit on löydettävissä myös osasta valittuja toimijuusteorioita. Tässä aineistossa haastateltavat korostavat yksilön omaa toimijuutta huomattavasti enemmän kuin esimerkiksi rakenteiden vaikutusta, mutta jokainen haastateltava tunnustaa myös rakenteiden merkityksen. Useampi haastateltava nimesi alan ongelmaksi liiallisen yksilön korostamisen ja halusi selvästi erottautua siitä omalla argumentaatiollaan. Nähtäväksi jää, onko itsensä auttaminen ja yksilön oman toimijuuden korostaminen ohi menevä trendi, vai pysyvä muutos yhteiskunnassa.
  • Manchaiah, Vinaya; Pyykko, Ilmari; Zou, Jing; Levo, Hilla; Kentala, Erna (2017)
    Objectives: To facilitate self-help, the Finnish Meniere's Federation (FMF) provides various kinds of support to persons with Meniere's disease (MD), which includes patient magazines (PM) and Internet-based peer support (iPS). The current study aimed to evaluate the benefits reported by MD patients in terms of PM and iPS. Method: The study used a cross-sectional survey design with a mixture of structured and open-ended questions administered online. A sample of 185 patients from the FMF membership database provided complete data. Results: Ninety-two percent of the respondents rated PM as useful, or very useful. The main benefits of PM included: information on the disease and complaints, information about elements of peer support program, patient's experience with useful positive case studies, relevant news on MD, and information of activity of the FMF. Of the 185 persons, 68 reported that they did not have a need for peer support as their disease was either in silent phase or did not cause any annoyance. The main reasons for nonuse were: mild disease, personal reasons, and problems in using. Regarding the benefits of iPS, 75% of recent and 64% of chronic MD patients said that they would benefit from such a program. The main benefits of iPS included: reliable information on the disease and its management, peer support useful for coping with the disease, information about managing MD symptoms, information about managing attitude, and information about therapy. Moreover, the study identified different groups of individuals, which included: nonusers of support from patient organizations, those who used the support but did not feel they benefited, and those who used and also benefited from such programs. Conclusion: The current study results provide some information about the preferences of MD patients regarding different forms of support and could certainly prove helpful while developing wider support strategies.
  • Rissanen, Päivi (2005)
    The main idea of my study is to present in the form of research one chance to speak of schizophrenia - it's mental care and rehabilitation of it. In my study I examine schizophrenia as a process of rehabilitation in many points of view. Firs of all I have included to my research my own experience of this illness and my rehabilitation of it. Secondly I have interviewed those employees how have participated to my rehabilitation process from which arises the second point of view to the work. The third point of view has been formed from the customer relationship, co-operation and community and the meaning of working habits. The fourt point of view enlightens the meaning of self-help and community effect on that is how the other people who are going through a rehabilitation process have helped me. I think that examine schizophrenia from many points of views is important becauce schizophrenia is complicated mental disorder. My aim was to find reasons which in my life had an effect on and led me to this process of rehabilitation. I'm going through how persons in mental care and rehabilitation have helped me and what kind of succesful mental care rehabilitation relationships have been in my life. My study begins as a story tellin form of my own experiences. I have analysed these stories in theory for example conversations of social work, mental care and rehabilitation by exploiting my own experience. The recearch materials I have collected in three ways: first of all by reading the research works writen before and the discussions of therapy. Secondly I have gone through my own experiences of rehabilitation and mental care as a source in form of diaries. And as a third method I interviewed the employees who took part in my rehabilitation and therapy, out of which I gathered the empiric materials of my research work based on the theme interviews. The meaning of customer relationship and interaction came up from my own experiences, the interviews of the employees and from discussions in theory. I myself consider mental care and rehabilitation work as fycical, psychic and social phenomen. Also the employees thought their mental work as a total effect, and they felt thinking the future of the customers, their aims at back to normal life and avoidin marginalization. One of my most important source of my study is a book of Martin Buber named "I and You". Otherwise I have concertrated to compare my own experiences of social work, mental care and the rehabilitation and the discussion of them.
  • Kyrylina, Anna (Helsingin yliopisto, 2018)
    In this thesis, I study rhetorical strategies of book blurbs with the focus on the self-help genre. Book blurbs are considered to be an example of promotional discourse used by publishing companies to attract a potential reader and to persuade him/her to make a purchase. For the study, the self-help genre is chosen due to its recent increase in popularity as an affordable, private and exciting way to cope with different problems as opposed to a traditional consultation with a psychologist or talks with friends and family members. In order to see how the promotional function is achieved, this study seeks to answer the following research questions: What are the rhetorical structural patterns of bestselling self-help book blurbs? What kind of adjectives are used to realise the functions and messages of self-help book blurbs? The central object of the research is the self-help book blurb. The data contain forty self-help bestselling book blurbs collected from Amazon.com Books selected based on selling rates. The book blurbs are in the top 100 among the self-help genre on Amazon. The selected forty book blurbs are divided into four main subcategories: Personal Relations, Personal Growth, Identity and Coping with Stress. Each subcategory consists of ten books, which makes the category large enough for comparative purposes. In this thesis, the framework of moves and steps is applied to identify structural patterns of blurbs and their functions; Osgood’s concept of semantic differential and my own semantic classification of adjectives obtained through a bottom-up analysis are used to analyse adjectives and their contribution to the promotional function. Therefore, I used quantitative analysis to identify frequencies of moves/steps and adjectives and qualitative close reading genre analysis due to its interpretative nature. The analysis of texts revealed the existence of a six-move schematic structure with steps peculiar to self-help book blurbs. The rhetorical structure was shown to be flexible with the possibility of moves/steps to be recurrent, embedded or used alone. Thus, blurb writers are free to experiment with the structure as long as the promotional and informative functions are realised. The analysis of adjectives revealed that adjectives, mostly evaluative, contribute to promotional and informative functions created by steps and moves. The study concludes that the self-help book blurb is a multifaceted genre with a marketing communicative purpose, where the choice of moves and steps is made with the target to underline the strongest points of books and highlight the content in an attractive way by using specific lexis.
  • Kangasjärvi, Anniina (Helsingin yliopisto, 2019)
    In this study, I approach happiness as a discursive practice and foucault’dian governance instead of empirical and objective phenomena. The basic assumption is that current western understanding of happiness is based on positive psychology that equates happiness as mental state. In this discourse, happy mind becomes the symbol of a good person and being happy a moral demand for self. In this happiness imperative, one must constantly labor on their personality, thoughts and feelings in the name of better self and life. The context of the study is postfeminist self-help-culture, which is understood as neoliberal and gendered governance. Thus, the demand of happiness is directed especially to young women. Besides the construct of happiness, the interest of the study also is the ideal happy subject which is constructed in the hegemonic happiness discourse. Thus the study explores how happiness, good life and ideal happy figure are constructed in the postfeminist self-help-culture. The data consist of seven wellness blogs. These are analyzed using discourse analytical method and feminist media study readings. Discourse is understood as a regime of knowledge and practice which orders human’s thoughts and actions in the world. Hereby the blogs are not understood as personal writings by the blogger but wider material performatives of the postfeminist self-help-culture. In the study results happiness showed as taken for granted goal of the life, but happiness imperative could also be read as cruel optimism when one becomes exhausted continuously working on themselves. Anyhow, the self-governance was justified by the promise of happiness. According to self-help ethos, positive thinking, cultivating one’s authenticity and continuous work on the self showed to be fundamental objects of happiness. The ideal happy subject also followed this individualistic logic. It showed to be a postfeminist figure, which have a masculine mind but feminine body. Although the hegemonic discourse of happiness claims to be based on the rhetoric of freedom and equality, I propose that its ideal subject follows gendered and heteronormative ideals. Hence many subjects and different ways to be and live are classified as unhappy and abnormal.