Browsing by Subject "social network"

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  • Franks, V. R.; Andrews, C. E.; Ewen, J. G.; McCready, M.; Parker, K. A.; Thorogood, R. (2020)
    Reintroductions, essential to many conservation programmes, disrupt both abiotic and social environments. Despite growing recognition that social connections in animals might alter survival (e.g. social transmission of foraging skills, or transmission of disease), there has thus far been little focus on the consequences of social disruption during reintroductions. Here we investigate if moving familiar social groups may help a threatened species to adjust to its new environment and increase post-release survival. For a reintroduction of 40 juvenile hihi Notiomystis cincta (a threatened New Zealand passerine), we observed social groups before and after translocation to a new site and used social network analysis to study three levels of social change: overall group structure, network associations and individual sociality. We also tested alternate translocation strategies where birds were kept temporarily in aviaries in either a familiar group, or where their prior association was mixed. Although social structure remained similar among juveniles that remained at the source site, we detected significant changes in translocated birds at both the group- and individual- level post-release. However, our holding treatments did not affect these social bonds so we remain unable to maintain or manipulate social groups during translocation. Crucially, there was a small tendency for translocated juveniles that gained more associates during re-assortment of social groups to be more likely to survive their first year post-release. We suggest that prior sociality may not be important during translocations, but rather individuals that are most able to adapt and form associations at a new site are most likely to be the surviving founders of reintroduced populations.
  • Vivitsou, Marianna; Konetas, Dimitris; Tzima, Anastasia; Pasias, Christos (Hellenic Open University, Network for ODL, 2015)
    The increasing demand for global citizenship education and the expansive use of digital technologies for learning create the need for innovative pedagogical approaches and classroom practices. These should encourage active learner engagement and a critical view of the surrounding world, such as, for instance, the role of social networks in young people’s lives, environmental hazards and how human relationships develop nowadays. In this study we will discuss storytelling in a social network for pedagogy by examining how adolescent (14 and 15 year-old) students from a lower secondary school in Greece experienced knowledge construction, sharing and learning with networked peers from Finland and California in the Boundless Classroom project. To do so, we will analyze the content of student interviews and their digital stories. As part of their learning activities the participating students from California, Finland and Greece created digital stories and developed traditional (e.g., speaking, writing etc.), digital (e.g., filming, editing, remixing etc.) and networking (e.g., appreciating and responding to projected cultural landscapes) literacies. Importantly, among others, through stories students expressed their views and worries concerning potential dangers of social networking, and what attitudes would reduce environmental risks. It is these student views that we intend to analyze in order to unlock meanings and metaphors underlying pedagogical storytelling that combined the physical (or actual) and the digital site of learning.
  • Slotte-Kock, Susanna (Svenska handelshögskolan, 2009)
    Economics and Society
    Multiple Perspectives on Networks: Conceptual Development, Application and Integration in an Entrepreneurial Context. The purpose of this thesis is to enhance cross-fertilization between three different approaches to network research. The business network approach may contribute in terms of how relationships are created, developed and how tie content changes within ties, not only between them. The social network approach adds to the discussion by offering concepts of structural change on a network level. The network approach in entrepreneurship contributes by emphasizing network content, governance and structure as a way of understanding and capturing networks. This is discussed in the conceptual articles, Articles 2 and 3. The ultimate purpose of this thesis is to develop a theoretical and empirical understanding of network development processes. This is fulfilled by presenting a theoretical framework, which offers multiple views on process as a developmental outcome. The framework implies that change ought to be captured both within and among relationships over time in the firm as well as in the network. Consequently, changes in structure and interaction taking place simultaneously need to be included when doing research on network development. The connection between micro and macro levels is also stressed. Therefore, the entrepreneur or firm level needs to be implemented together with the network level. The surrounding environment impacts firm and network development and vice versa and hence needs to be integrated. Further, it is necessary to view network development not only as a way forward but to include both progression and regression as inevitable parts of the process. Finally, both stability and change should be taken into account as part of network development. Empirical results in Article 1 show support for a positive impact of networks on SME internationalization. Article 4 compares networks of novice, serial and portfolio entrepreneurs but the empirical results show little support for differences in the networks by type of entrepreneur. The results demonstrate that network interaction and structure is not directly impacted by type of entrepreneur involved. It indicates instead that network structure and interaction is more impacted by the development phase of the firm. This in turn is in line with the theoretical implications, stating that the development of the network and the firm impacts each other, as they co-evolve.
  • Franks, Victoria R.; McCready, Mhairi; Savage, James L.; Thorogood, Rose (2019)
    Many young birds die soon after fledging, as they lack the skills to find food and avoid predation. Post-fledging parental care is assumed to assist acquisition of these vital skills. However, we still lack empirical examples examining the length of time fledglings spend with parents, how they associate during this critical time, or whether such variation in the fledgling dependency period has consequences for the survival and behaviour of young as they navigate their first year of independent life. Here, we make use of observations and radio frequency identity (RFID) logs of visits to supplementary feeding stations to investigate how condition of fledgling hihi (stitchbird, Notiomystis cincta), a New Zealand passerine, predicts dispersal behaviour and tendency to follow parents during their 2 week post-fledging dependence period. We find that thinner fledglings followed their parents more closely in time when visiting feeding stations, compared to fatter siblings (all following ranged from 3 s to 10 min). However, broods in poorer condition tended to disperse from the natal territory up to 6.5 days earlier than broods of fatter fledglings (all dispersed within 14 days). Our results did not find that sociality or survival during the first year of life differed depending on variation in fledgling behaviour; neither following parents closely nor dispersing later predicted each bird's number of associates (degree), or survival over winter. These results suggest that fledglings may be able to compensate for early differences in condition with behaviour, either during the post-fledging dependence period or when independent.
  • Karhu, Susanna (Helsingin yliopisto, 2018)
    During the last years there have been concerns about farmers’ well-being at work. These concerns are caused by the weak profitability and mental load of farming and they are justified because farmers’ well-being at work and ability to work has been found to be weaker than in the other occupational groups. The farm work might sometimes be lonely, and farmers might not see their signs of exhaustion. In this case it could be helpful if organizations working in agriculture could notice the situation and advice farmers where they could get help. This kind of early support is one good way to assist farmers’ well-being at work. This study was conducted for the Farmers’ Social Insurance Institution Mela in the Support the Farmer Project to help to develop an early support model. The project’s objective is to help farmers instantly and to offer early support. The underlying goal of the project is to aggregate different organizations to implement an early support model. This organization form is called Support the Farmer Organization Network. The aim of this study was to examine how to make this Organization Network functional. The study investigated visions related to the network and social support by eight organizations working in agriculture in Central Finland. The research data was collected in theme interviews and a web survey. After the interviews had been recorded and transcribed, the whole research data was analysed by using thematizing and typecasting. The theoretical framework for this study was social network theory and the research theme was approached from a network management perspective. Based on this research, the farmers’ situation raises concern and early support is considered important. Participation in the Organization Network was considered positively however, early support should not be too time consuming. To work the Support the Farmer Organization Network requires a coordinator who should activate the regional organizations to implement early support. In order for the regional organizations to commit themselves to early support, the organizations’ contact persons should participate in the networks’ events. Based on the results, the Support the Farmer Organization Network seems to have good possibilities to be functional.
  • Polynczuk, Kinga Natalia (Helsingfors universitet, 2013)
    This qualitative study adopts netnographic method to critically explore one of the social media, Pinterest, as a creative community for women. Creativity is not only a current buzzword, but also one of the most fundamental pillars of the modern world. Nowadays, creative industries are emerging as a one of the basic industries. In many instances, creativity becomes a professional currency and a foundation of identity. In addition, creativity becomes embedded into everyday life, also through the advancement and continuous use of social media and other digital platforms that lower the threshold for participation in creative activities. Thus, the meaning of creativity is constantly being altered. In this thesis, the concept of creativity describes in fact everyday creativity in its broadest delineation. This research focuses particularly on the act of providing media content to Pinterest, thereby creating unique collections of visual links. Community, in turn, translates into a group of people who participate in some online spaces, gathered primarily around some shared interest. Such an understanding of community does not imply the existence of any offline ties between its members. Within this framework, the research asks the major question about how creativity is mediated on Pinterest. The main question is followed by some more detailed sub-questions about affordances and constraints of Pinterest with regard to production, distribution and consumption of the content; the relations between creativity and consumption on Pinterest; and the ways in which the community of Pinterest is constructed. The research results in five major results: (1) on Pinterest, DIY and Crafts is an overarching category, embracing diverse and, at times, unconventional content; (2) Pinterest challenges and alters traditional understandings of creativity and creative activities in such a way that it does not call for any physical act of making; (3) creativity on Pinterest is intertwined with, and very often anchored in, consumption; (4) on Pinterest, crafts refer not only to creating external objects, but also to modelling bodies and forming skill sets of users; (5) creativity is a binder of the Pinterest community: it brought pinners together in the joint effort of pooling knowledge, and it was the ideal that each user seemed to connect with. The study is based on the volume of data obtained from Pinterest through participant observation. Participant observation, adapted to the circumstances of an online setting, is the core netnographic method of data collection. The data at hand were analysed through thematic analysis.