Browsing by Subject "society"

Sort by: Order: Results:

Now showing items 1-10 of 10
  • Malyutin, Kirill (Helsingfors universitet, 2015)
    The main objective was to identify and analyze the tourism management perspective to Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) at the luxury Fairmont Chateau Lake Louise (FCLL) Hotel and Resort in the Banff National Park (NP). It is viable for a company to conduct responsible business operations, especially in protected areas, because of a great influence of Environmental Non-Governmental Organizations (ENGO’s) and high customer awareness of environmental issues. Definitely, large chains of luxury hotels and resorts, such as the Fairmont, are greatly dependent on their reputation and engagement with the communities’ well-being and handling the environmental issues in the area of business operations. The thesis is divided into several parts, i.e. introduction, theoretical background, methodology and previous research, results of the research, and conclusions and discussions. Undoubtedly, all of the above mentioned parts are essential in order to get a complete picture of the thesis topic and its achieved objectives. As a matter of fact, the current Master’s thesis comprises various industries with hospitality, tourism, and forestry. In order to gain the stated objectives, a deep analysis of the literature related to the topic and online sources was conducted, as well as email interviews with some representatives, i.e. certain managers, of the FCLL. Obviously, not all of the respondents were able to answer in time or to answer at all due to various reasons; however, the received replies were enough to make their contribution to the current thesis. The questions were especially designed to fit the respondents and to get a better insight into the FCLL’s business activities in the Banff NP. As the results showed, the FCLL has a good reputation due to its dedication and achievements, regardless of the plans to build a conference center and previous negative impact on the environment in the area. FCLL is trying its best to become a good “citizen” by following its CSR practices and engaging stakeholders. The FCLL’s major focus is to diminish negative impacts from its business operations in the park, i.e. on its various environmental programs, engaging not only personnel of the company, but communities and customers. These results were used as a basis of a SWOT analysis to have a clearer and visible representation of the FCLL’s current position, taking all the issues into consideration. In conclusion, this research shows that the luxury Fairmont Chateau Lake Louise Hotel and Resort in the Banff National Park has a good image and reputation due to its various environmental programs, dedication to its responsible business operations, and engagement of the involved stakeholders; therefore, it is clear the company has a great potential based on its achievements and willingness to make its positive contribution.
  • Lahti-Nuuttila, Tempo (Helsingin yliopisto, 2019)
    Tutkielmassa perehdytään englantilaisen kirjailijan Neil Gaimanin romaaneihin American Gods (2001) ja Anansi Boys (2005) sekä erityisesti niissä esiintyvän kujeilijan (trickster) arkkityypin vaikutuksiin teosten kuvaamassa yhteiskunnassa. Teoksissa useat hahmot edustavat eri tavoin kujeilijan arkkityyppiä sekä tähän usein liittyvää kulttuurisankarin (culture hero) arkkityyppiä. Molempia on alkuperäiskansojen tarustoissa käytetty mm. opettamaan yhteisön tapoja, välittämään tärkeitä perinteitä sukupolvelta toiselle sekä ylläpitämään yhteisön yhtenäisyyttä. Kirjailijan moderni lähestymistapa kujeilijaan tarjoaa kiinnostavan lähtökohdan analyysille arkkityyppien vaikutuksista länsimaiseen, erityisesti anglo-amerikkalaiseen yhteiskuntaan, joka on saanut vaikutteita lukemattomista muista kulttuureista. Väitän, että teokset tarjoavat kattavan esimerkin kujeilijan rooleista ja funktioista tasapainottavana sekä parantavana tekijänä kirjojen kuvaamassa modernissa yhteiskunnassa sekä yhteiskunnan ja yksilön vuorovaikutuksessa. Kujeilijoita tavataan teoksissa sekä sankarin että roiston rooleissa, ja molemmista eritellään ja analysoidaan kujeilijan joko yhteiskunnallisesti tai yksilöllisesti positiiviset funktiot tai positiivisia reaktioita aikaansaavat negatiiviset funktiot. Tutkielman johdantokappaleessa esitellään kujeilijan funktioita alkuperäiskulttuureissa, Gaimanin eri kulttuureja yhdistelevä toteutus sekä hypoteesi kujeilijan funktioista teosten kuvaamassa yhteiskunnassa. Toisessa luvussa vertaillaan American Gods ¬ teoksessa esiintyviä kujeilijoita näiden esikuvina toimiviin alkuperäisiin kujeilijoihin ja etsitään kujeilijahahmojen yhteyksiä teoksessa esiintyviin yhteiskunnallisiin ongelmiin. Kolmannessa luvussa eritellään neljä tieteellistä artikkelia, jotka käsittelevät kujeilijoihin liittyviä yhteiskunnallisia sekä yksilöllisiä ongelmia teoksissa. Neljännessä luvussa vertaillaan Anansi Boys teoksessa esiintyviä kujeilijoita toisessa luvussa käytetyin metodein, mutta sillä poikkeuksella, että teos antaa selvästi edeltävää teosta enemmän viitteitä kujeilijan asemasta yksilön ja yhteiskunnan vuorovaikutuksessa. Viidennessä luvussa pyritään herättelemään analyysiin perustuvaa keskustelua kujeilijan mahdollisesta merkityksestä nykyaikaisissa kertomuksissa sekä kujeilijan vaikeasti määriteltävästä syvemmästä olemuksesta.
  • Aroalho, Sari (Helsingin yliopisto, 2021)
    Africa has recently increased its share of the global market, and the continent’s potential has been recognized globally. The continent has experienced a lot of oppression and forced changes in history, and it is currently developing its new identity with relatively young states and its fast-growing population. African Union (AU) is calling pan-African ideology to bring together the African people in their blueprint and master plan Agenda 2063, where the cultural heritage is at the core. Culture is also at the core of the creative economy, and the creative economy's share of the global economy is growing. Due to globalization and digitalization, the knowledge from other cultures is spreading rapidly, which is the basis of a cultural shift both at local and global levels. This research investigated the culture and the creative economy as builders of society in Kenya. Kenya has been very successful in the field of Information and Communications Technology (ICT), the state takes its cultural heritage seriously in its development programs and their focus is especially on the potential of the youth in the creative economy. Kenya has a vast cultural diversity in the state with its officially recognized 44 tribes. This cultural diversity plays a significant role in the creative economy. According to the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD, 2020), the creative economy has no single meaning, as the concept is constantly evolving. The basic elements of the concept are from human creativity, ideas, and intellectual property, knowledge and technology. The creative industries include such as music, film, video, arts and crafts and performing arts. These elements are the basis of the creative economy, in addition, they have a significant commercial and cultural value. The research was conducted in Kenya during January and February 2021, and the data was collected from two main geographical research areas, the city of Nairobi and Taita-Taveta County. The geographical research areas were chosen by their cultural diversity, the creative economy and their urban and rural statuses. Nairobi has a classification of a creative city where the digital creative economy is booming, and the city is attracting people around East Africa. Taita-Taveta respectively is a rural county near the Kenyan coast, where the creative economy is mainly in the traditional form, for example, crafting and basket making. The research combined the elements from the ethnographical, hermeneutical and critical approaches by using unstructured, structured interviews and observation, as the methods combined qualitative methods with numerical data. The results show that the culture and the creative economy do build the society in Kenya. It is seen in each level of society, for example, among the families, tribes, counties and even the government. Each level influences and controls the way culture and the creative economy build the society in Kenya. The meaning of the community arose in culture and the creative economy shifts, as they provide help in the mitigation and adaptation into new situations. With the exponential population growth, the share of the youth is rising, culture and the creative economy have the potential to provide jobs for the youth in the future. There are challenges with culture and the creative economy in Kenya. First, to preserve the cultural diversity in Kenya among the youth. Second, to target the governmental policies to the right actions and towards the right groups, which would then support the sector itself. Due to attitude shifts, the role of the youth is a significant point to consider. Furthermore, there is a vast gap between the government and the community, which causes a lot of harm to the creative economy, as the policies do not support the creative sector. If these significant points are solved, there is a vast potential for the culture and the creative economy to continue building the society in Kenya.
  • Rankinen, Katri; Holmberg, Maria; Peltoniemi, Mikko; Akujärvi, Anu; Anttila, Kati; Manninen, Terhikki; Markkanen, Tiina (Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI), 2021)
    Water 13 (2021), 472
    Climate change may alter the services ecosystems provide by changing ecosystem functioning. As ecosystems can also resist environmental perturbations, it is crucial to consider the different processes that influence resilience. Our case study considered increased NO3− concentration in drinking water due to the climate change. We analyzed changes in ecosystem services connected to water purification at a catchment scale in southern Finland. We combined climate change scenarios with process-based forest growth (PREBAS) and eco-hydrological (PERSiST and INCA) models. We improved traditional model calibration by timing of forest phenology and snow-covered period from network of cameras and satellite data. We upscaled the combined modelling results with scenarios of population growth to form vulnerability maps. The boreal ecosystems seemed to be strongly buffered against NO3- leaching by increase in evapotranspiration and vegetation NO3- uptake. Societal vulnerability varied greatly between scenarios and municipalities. The most vulnerable were agricultural areas on permeable soil types.
  • Thure, Aino Salla Katariina (Helsingfors universitet, 2017)
    The Finnish TV-series Downshiftaajat is a story of couple whose company goes bankrupt and they need to start a new life. The couple moves to a suburb and tries to hide their money troubles by telling everyone that they are downshifting. The story then follows the couple’s balancing act in between their old and new lives: keeping up appearances and while working to find new work. In this thesis, I examine class constructs in Downshiftaajat. Social hierarchies and classes are not always very visible in societies. According to contemporary class research, class is made up of multiple elements, such as job, taste, wages, and hobbies. Skeggs writes of how when certain symbols are inscribed onto different groups of things, characters or physical object, these symbols then became markers of the group to which that object belongs. Bourdieu and Wright gives additional insights into classes, first from the perspective of style and the latter from a more economical way. Alain De Botton explains how and why humans behave in groups. This research was conducted using thematic analysis as a method. Thematic analysis is a method for finding repetitive patterns in data and then organising these patterns in hierarchical order. After watching the series closely, I made memos about the events and dialogue in the show. These memos I then turned into more detailed sections I call descriptions. These descriptions I organised under five main headings: infrastructure, morality, money, style, and behaviour. The results of the analysis showed that Downshiftaajat constructs class by representing things in the suburb, such as buildings, trains, and neighbours as distant form the main characters. Class also informs the morals of characters: the morality of the main characters are usually depicted as having higher standards than other characters’ morality. Money contributes to the construction of class in the dialogues between the main characters concerning the lack of it. Style is also used to construct class by giving examples of brands that the main characters prefer over other brands. Class is also depicted by means of behaviour: people from different classes behave differently and have different eating habits. The series does not explicitly criticise how Finnish society treats its unemployed. It does, however, reflect contemporary Finnish unemployment policies, where the sole responsibility for finding work and managing one’s life is placed on individuals.
  • Rask, Mikko; Mačiukaitė-Žvinienė, Saulė; Tauginienė, Loreta; Dikčius, Vytautas; Matschoss, Kaisa; Aarrevaara, Timo; d’Andrea, Luciano (Taylor & Francis Group (Routledge), 2018)
    The field of public participation is developing fast, with phenomena such as citizen science and crowdsourcing extending the resource base of research, stimulating innovation and making science more accessible to the general population. Promoting public participation means giving more weight to citizens and civil society actors in the definition of research needs and in the implementation of research and innovation. As yet, there is limited understanding of the implications of widespread use of public participation and as a result, there is a risk that it will become a burden for research and an obstacle to bridging the gap between research and society. This volume presents the findings of a three-year international study on innovative public participation. The resulting work studies the characteristics and trends of innovative public participation through a global sample of 38 case studies. It provides theoretical generalisations on the dynamics of public participation, suggestions for an evaluation framework and clear empirical examples of how public participation works in practice. Illustrated by best practice cases, the authors identify characteristics which contribute to successful public participation. The book is aimed primarily at scholars and practitioners of public participation, as well as research managers, policy makers and business actors interested in related issues. There is also a secondary market for students and scholars of European governance studies, sociology and political sciences.
  • Nicolson, Marcus (Helsingfors universitet, 2017)
    This Master’s thesis explores sport-for-inclusion programmes in the Helsinki capital region, a subject area which has been lacking critical investigation in Finland. The purpose of this study is to give an overview how these programmes are managed and delivered, as well as presenting possible improvements to the current system. There will be an analysis of the role which local NGOs play in the provision of such activities, alongside a discussion of how local authority and governmental actors are trying to promote work in the sector. The hypothesis of this study is that there is a discord between the various players involved in the delivery of these services, and that there is room for the existing strategy behind these programmes to be improved. International research has taken influence from the work of Pierre Bourdieu and his theory of social capital, which is thought to be generated through participation in inclusionary sports activities. Academics, including Fred Coalter and Ramon Spaaij, have paved the way for future researchers to take a critical approach to the study of these programmes. This, Helsinki-based, study will take inspiration from the international research to conduct an independent, and critical review, of the existing sport-for-inclusion work on-going in the capital region. Qualitative interviews with 11 key players in the Helsinki sport-for-inclusion arena were conducted in the research process of this study. Additionally, a critical examination of the existing Finnish sports legislature and promotional materials from these programmes helped to formulate an impression of how the system is operating. In the final discussion of this study it will be revealed that there is a field of tension between the various practitioners and policymakers in the local sport-for-inclusion sector. This is outlined with reference to the interviews and background research presented throughout the study. It is anticipated that the findings and recommendations given in this investigation can make a meaningful contribution to the healthy development of inclusionary sports programmes in the capital region and beyond.
  • Laitakari, Erkki (Suomen metsätieteellinen seura, 1959)
  • Ahonen, Janne (2007)
    This thesis examines Chiricahua Apache society from a cultural perspective asking on what was the continuity of the society based and how did the society reproduce itself as a whole. The focus is on the pre-reservation time, before the disruption of reservation life. The thesis goes through the nearly century-long discussion on social groups and society's foundations centering on exchange. The theoretical discussion starts from Claude Lévi-Strauss' 'alliance theory' and works its way to Maurice Godelier's hypothesis on the dominant social relations of a society and the imaginary component of the social world. In the thesis it is argued that in order to analyze the social systems in any given society it is necessary to study also its culture, for only that way can one properly see the society as a whole and work one's way to its parts and the relations between these parts. The Chiricahua patterns of exchange varied from raiding to trade to generalized exchange and gift-giving. They projected their own society's social structure on to neighboring groups, just like the Americans and the Mexicans viewed the Chiricahua as a centralized tribe with which contracts could be made with and where both parties erred. The Chiricahua did not transform difference into hierarchy. Their social structure was egalitarian as the households (comprised of extended matrilocal families) - in accordance with the model of domestic mode of production - were the central units of production. They reproduced themselves as units similar to one another and were dependent on other households for their intergenerational continuity. Marriages required exchange of gifts, and at the basic level kinship - the reproduction of life - was connected to economics - the production of wealth. The continuity and reproduction of the Chiricahua Apache society relied more on the reproduction of certain relations (the atom of kinship) than the continuity of certain groups. The dominant social relations, those directly linked to production (society's infrastructure), were those within the household (matrilocal extended family).
  • Jääskeläinen, Jouko (2006)
    The aim of this study is to clarify how it is possible to research and prescribe the connection of religion and politics. The second aim is to study this question in early Judaism. To start with there is a commentary on the earlier research about religion and politics. After that the needed concepts and principles of the analysis are defined. In order to study the relationship between religion and politics we have to divide the area of the world view in three areas: Religion, moral on the individual level and the area of administration and economics. Behind the ways of behaviour there can be different religious world views, ideologies and social practices in the society. Different ways of behaviour can be studied in the community analysis. At the one end of the analysis chart there are solutions that stress uniformity in society and at the other end of the chart there is the fragmentation of values of the society. Creating a society from the same mould can be promoted by pressure or by different concrete means of force. The fragmentation of society is shown with an increase in multiple values and as isolation from the society. The ideal way of community living is spontaneous, but it can also be forced, alienating or dangerous. The natural community life is placed in the middle field of the analysis. In the society of communities we emphasize the common ways of behaving and the common values on all the areas of life. This concerns even economics and social life. Different institutions are needed to support the community. When the institutions of the state gain more power the process can turn out to be weakening the community way of living and the state focuses only on solving conflicts in the society. Differentiated operators in the society can even have different values. In the community analysis early Judaism was studied through its different stages until the time of the exile. In its early stages the focus was on the tribes and families. The law gave form to the communal society and to its ideals of low governing, economical stability and common faith. The teaching, common knowledge and motivation weakened and that's why even religion and morals were fragmented. Due to the pressures from outside a king was needed to lead the people and warfare and he was even needed to dispense the justice. A communal way of living is important to all societies and in order to achieve this a peaceful working environment and consciously adopted common values are needed. These aims did not become permanently real in the beginning of Judaism. In the latter critical periods of early Judaism one can see both tendencies of striving towards the original ideals as well as developments toward a more fragmented society and a weakening of the social and economic equality. Also characteristics that stressed communal and universal values were upheld in Judaism. After the exile the focus was on common religious practices, social equality and common moral values. The fragmentation reached its climax during the Roman era when the state was governed by a Hellenised upper class while at the same time the Pharisees functioned as religious leaders with traditional Jewish values. The Esseans isolated themselves from the others on religious and political level. The economic and social inequality weakened the society. In the last stage violent extreme groups, the Zealots, brought the situation with the Romans to its worst point ever. This leaded to the vanishing of the essential institutions but not of the whole Judaism.