Browsing by Subject "sovinnollisuus"

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  • Mrena, Maria Kristiina (Helsingfors universitet, 2014)
    Objectives – The objective of this study was to examine whether there is a connection between the Big Five personality traits and the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Finnish adults. The MetS is a rapidly increasing syndrome among the Finnish population, which predisposes to type 2 diabetes and cardiac diseases. Previous research suggests that single personality traits may be connected to the MetS and its risk factors. However, only a few studies have examined theoretically well based personality models in relation to the MetS. Identifying the psychosocial risk factors for the MetS is important in predicting and preventing its occurrence. The following hypotheses were made based on previous research: (1) high neuroticism and (2) low agreeableness are positively associated with the MetS. Methods – This is a cross-sectional study of The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study from the year 2007. There were 1 580 Finnish adults aged 30–45 participating in the study, of which 919 were women and 661 were men. The participants answered a personality questionnaire, the Finnish version of the NEO-FFI (Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness, Five-Factor Inventory), which measured the Big Five personality traits (neuroticism, extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and openness). The MetS is diagnosed when at least three of the following five factors are present: (1) central obesity, (2) raised fasting glucose, (3) raised triglycerides, (4) lowered high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and (5) hypertension. The associations between personality traits and the MetS were examined using logistic regression analyses. Results and Conclusions – In men, low agreeableness was statistically significantly associated with higher risk of having the MetS (OR=.70, 95 % CI=.57–.87, p=.001), adjusting for age and level of education. There were no statistically significant associations found between any of the personality traits and the MetS in women. On the basis of these results, it can be proposed that men with low agreeableness, that is, men low in cooperation, empathy, and kindness, might comprise a risk group for the MetS. This study was cross-sectional by design, which precludes conclusions about cause and effect relationships. Mechanisms linking personality to the MetS were not examined in the current study, and thus, future research should examine the direction of the associations and the mechanisms linking such associations.
  • Halme, Ilona (Helsingfors universitet, 2015)
    Depression is a common issue in Finnish working population and one of the leading reasons for work disability globally. Previous studies have shown that perceptions of organizational justice are related to depression. The role of individual factors, like personality, in the relationship between organizational justice and depression has not been examined yet. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between organizational justice perceptions and depression and also whether agreeableness moderates this association. Based on previous studies two hypotheses were set: 1) perceptions of low organizational justice are associated with high depression and 2) agreeableness moderates the association between organizational justice and depression. Methods: The data for the present study is from The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns study and has been collected in the follow-up of 2012. There were 1003 participants (589 women; 58, 72 %) in this study and the mean age was 43 years. In this study depression was assessed with Beck's depression inventory, BDI-II, organizational justice was assessed with the shortened version of the organizational justice questionnaire and agreeableness was assessed with Five factor inventory (NEO-FFI) questionnaire. The associations between organizational justice and depression and the moderating effect of agreeableness were examined using linear regression analyses. Age, sex, educational level and occupational status were used as covariates in this study. Results: In this study low organizational justice was related to high depression. Agreeableness moderated the association between organizational justice and depression in men but not in women. Low organizational justice was related to higher depression in men with low agreeableness compared to men with high agreeableness. Thus the results of this study strengthen the association between organizational justice and depression and emphasize the effect of personality to this association.
  • Suutari, Riikka-Liisa (Helsingfors universitet, 2014)
    The association between victimization and aggressive behavior has been extensively studied but its relation to other risk factors is less known. The purpose of this study is to illuminate the link between victimization and aggressive behavior by including other risk factors associated with aggressive behavior to the model. Along with victimization we studied the effect of Big Five personality dimensions, impulsivity and parental control on aggression and their potential mediating or moderating effects on the victimization-aggression link. Based on the previous studies we expected the link between victimization and aggression to be strong but possibly mediated or moderated by agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, impulsivity and parental control. We used the data from the Finnish Self-Report Delinquency study 2012 which consists of 8,914 survey answers from 6th or 9th grade students (11–16 years) in a nationally representative sample of 106 schools. Aggressive behavior and victimization variables were sorted into three classes: 1) no reported incidences 2) 1 or 2 incidences or 3) 3 or more incidences in the previous year. We analyzed the data by using multinomial regression analysis. Gender and age (6th vs. 9th grade) were controlled. Results showed that victimization was associated with aggressive behavior and the probability was highest among those who had experienced victimization more than three times during the previous year. Higher parental control, agreeableness and conscientiousness predicted less aggressive behavior, whereas higher impulsivity and extroversion predicted higher aggressive behavior. Neuroticism was not directly associated with aggressive behavior. Only the link between conscientiousness and aggressive behavior was mediated by the other factors while victimization, agreeableness, extroversion, impulsivity and parental control remained as independent factors predicting aggressive behavior.