Browsing by Subject "subjektiivinen hyvinvointi"

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  • Lehtonen, Sofia (Helsingin yliopisto, 2017)
    Aim. The aim of this Thesis was to find out what kind of needs for well-being the working-age Finns have and how they experience work-engagement. The Research problem was that even though the well-being need have been proved to be universal it is motivated to study the connection between well-being and work-engagement out of a subjective perspective on needs. The Classical Well-being model the Subjective Well-being Theory, SWB and Self-Determination Theory, SDT were used as the Theoretical Reference frame of this Thesis. Methods. The study was conducted in a qualitative manner. Eight people took part in this study and were interviewed. The respondents were interviewed and filled in a questionnaire regarding their background information. The interviews were conducted using a half-structured theme interview. The data was coded with the Atlas.ti programme and analyzed with the theory bound content analysis method. Results. The results confirmed that the pursuit of well-being is a value of great meaning to the respondents in this study. The results showed that well-being according to the respondents consists mainly of the satisfaction of basic needs like nurture and rest - but also of satisfying the higher level needs like self-fulfillment. Part of the basic needs were seen even as important as the higher-level needs hence, diet and working out were given a lot of attention. Work engagement was mostly affected by how one sees oneself or how other people see oneself. The results even showed that most of the working-aged people have experienced exhaustion or burnout at some point of their lives.
  • Mäki, Mikaela (Helsingin yliopisto, 2019)
    Aims. This study investigated how values are associated with subjective well-being, (e. g. life satisfaction, self-esteem and depressive symptoms) among young adults. Schwartz (1992) value theory was used as the theoretical framework of the study. Previously it has been found that values are associated with subjective well-being, however, the results of the previous studies have been mixed. Thus, the present study examined these associations further. Methods. This study is a part of FinEdu longitudinal study, in which participants were 28 years at the time of the study (N = 551). The participants filled in a questionnaire concerning values, life satisfaction and depressive symptoms. The data was analysed using hierarchical regression analysis. Results and conclusions. The results showed that of the ten values, universalism and conformity were statistically and significantly associated with life satisfaction and depressive symptoms among young adults. No statistically significant associations emerged between values and self-esteem. It can be concluded that more research would be needed to examine the associations between values and subjective well-being. Research should include a comprehensive value scale and specific questions relating to the topic.
  • Riuttala, Elina (Helsingfors universitet, 2006)
    Personal goals offer an important aspect of personality and motivation. Personal goals are conscious and subjectively motivated objectives by which a person directs his or her life over time. Personal goals are related to adolescents' subjective well-being. The aim of the present research was to find out, what kinds of groups of adolescents can be formed by the content of personal goals and how these groups differ in goal appraisals, meaningful life events and subjective well-being. The second aim of the study was to detect gender differences and differences between vocational and high school students in goal appraisals, meaningful life events and subjective well-being. Adolescents in upper secondary education (N=1144) were grouped together by the content of their personal goals using a person oriented approach and a cluster analysis. Clusters found in the analysis were named by the centre goal as (1) a property group, (2) a vocation group, (3) a future education and personal relationships group and (4) a self-focused group. Adolescents in the property group put a little effort into their career goal, they were not exhausted in school work and their subjective well-being was average. Adolescents in the vocation group felt progress in their career goal and put effort into it. They had goals related to life-style. They did not feel exhausted and their subjective well-being was average. The future education and personal relationships group put effort into their career goal and considered progressing in it. Personal relationships were important in their lives. They were exhausted in their school work but they did not feel cynicism. Their own health was one of their goals and they felt satisfaction in their life. Adolescents in the self-focused group did not put effort into their career goal nor considered progressing in it. They were exhausted and especially cynical in their school work. They suffered from almost clinically significant depression. They had low life-satisfaction and low self-esteem. The following gender and educational differences were found. Compared with boys, girls felt their career goal was more important and stressful, and girls also put more effort into it. Girls were more exhausted, depressed and they had lower self-esteem than boys. High school students felt more stress with their career goal than vocational school students. High school students were more exhausted, but still they felt more satisfaction with their lives. In practice, to cover adolescents' personal goals is a possibility to find distressed individuals who might be in need for extra support.
  • Kuokkanen, Päivi (Helsingfors universitet, 2012)
    The aim of the study The aim of this interdisciplinary and qualitative study was to investigate the themes of subjective well-being (SWB; Ojanen 2002, 2006; Diener 2006) in the stories told by 7-10 year old Finnish children. The purpose was to give these children the possibility to participate in the research and discussions of well-being in their own way. Children were presumed to tell about their concerns with the method of story crafting: they were allowed to tell spontaneously with their own words without any questions from adults (Karlsson 2005). In this study it was at first examined what adults tell about themes of subjective well-being, SWB. Then the main interest was directed at children's themes of SWB in their own stories. Happiness was supposed to be one part of SWB. How was happiness connected to SWB-themes in children's stories? Approach of this study differs from earlier childhood studies by using the principles of the new child perspective research (Karlsson and Karimäki 2012). This study is a part of the project "Children tell of their well-being - who listens?" (TelLis, project number 1134911) led by adjunct professor Liisa Karlsson. It is a part of consortium, TelLis Project 2010-2013 (Syrjälä, Estola, Karlsson and Puroila, 2010). The Academy of Finland funds the TelLis -project as part of the Research Programme on the health and welfare of children and young people (SKIDI-KIDS). Storycrafting method and analyzing methods I ordered the narrative data of 418 stories from Finnish Social Science data archive. These tales were told and collected between 1995 - 2005. The themes of SWB were collected by content, form and categorical analysis. I used dimensions of Erik Allardt's welfare theory (1974, 1975) and its results of subjective well-being for study. I also added the dimension of Belonging developed by Kiili (2006). Conclusions The major finding of the study was that of the theme motivated, uncompelled and playful action doing and feeling safety (Having). Playing, as the most important part of many kinds of actions, combined all dimensions of well-being. The enjoyable action happened in the wild. Nature was seen also as a friend. Returning home, caring and helping, being and acting together at home or near home (loving) meant well-being. Also friendship, like playing with the best friend, and partnership were themes of Loving. Belonging into peers' groups was very important for subjective well-being, and left out caused ill-being. The previous themes were connected with happiness. However, these and many other different, interesting and surprising themes of SWB were told without mentioning happiness. Satisfied main characters were able to be themselves and be loved without feeling hard demands from others (being). Satisfying basic needs was a sufficient condition to well-being. The girls told more often than boys about the theme of rest, going to bed. Material conditions (Having) enabled SWB of other dimensions.
  • Heinonen, Sanni (Helsingin yliopisto, 2019)
    The aim of this study was to explore the well-being and school experiences of people recovering from mental illness. Previous research has provided conceptual models of school well-being, instruments for measuring it, and knowledge about factors associated with it. Interconnections between school experiences and mental health have also been studied. However, the research about these topics has been quite varying in regard to concept use, approaches, and research methods. Furthermore, only a few studies have investigated students’ perceptions and experiences about school well-being. In this study, the essence of school well-being is interpreted based on the narratives of people recovering from mental illness. Different narrative types are also examined. 36 adolescents and adults recovering from mental illness took part in the research by answering anonymously an online questionnaire. The respondents evaluated retrospectively their school well-being during comprehensive school, and narrated their school experiences and things that affected their school well-being. The data was analyzed using hermeneutic phenomenological and narrative methods. The school well-being of most of the respondents had been low at least at some point during comprehensive school, and it was common that the school well-being had decreased over the years. Negative experiences and the factors lowering school well-being were especially related to bullying and adults’ indifferent or evasive attitude. It seems that the lack of social support, low school well-being, and mental health problems are all intertwined with each other. Based on the respondents’ narratives, the components of school well-being are safety, togetherness, being seen and heard, a sense of meaning, and experiences of success. These findings suggest that instruments measuring school well-being should also take into account the eudaimonic aspect of well-being, which includes for example self-realization and meaning. Despite the negative experiences, many of the respondents told heroic stories in which difficulties were eventually overcome. However, the overcoming of difficulties must not be left to the students alone, but school staff must aim at preventing the accumulation of negative experiences.