Browsing by Subject "suomen kieli ja romanikieli"

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  • Salo, Mirkka (Helsingin yliopisto, 2021)
    This study examines the language used by Finnish Roma in online internet forum during the years 2003-2013. The focus is the structure and functions of Romani elements. The three articles of the thesis examine the current status and variation in Romani morphology in multilingual discourse, functions of Romani elements in interaction, and the idiolectal differences in the use of Romani elements. The study sheds light on the prevalence and significance of the use of Romani for Finnish Roma, and attitudes toward it in dialogues that allow for anonymity. The method is data-oriented. The language in the forum is examined both quantitatively and qualitatively, employing methods used in research of language variation and code switching. The intertwining of Romani elements with Finnish to create a Romani ethnolect, along with how the Roma express their identity by means of language, are the focal points of examination. This research also strives to describe the ways in which the Roma utilize their linguistic resources dynamically in the context of Romani culture and how they toy with multilingualism. Research shows that Romani based words are inflected following Finnish or Romani grammar, or mixing inflectional elements from both languages. Finnish Romani has however not become a so-called Para-Romani, in which the Romani morpho-syntactic framework has been replaced by that of another language. Romani language expressions and code switching to Romani are used in the forum in the same tasks regarding Romani culture and being Roma as in spoken Romani discourse. Idiolects exhibit variation comparable to that in spoken language in the use of different parts of speech and Romani inflection. The spelling of words varies due to Finnish Romani not having a fully fledged wide-spread norm of orthography. This research highlights how spontaneous written online discourse utilizes elements based on the Romani language which have been used mainly for oral communication within the community. It depicts the online discourse as part of a process in which the use of Romani is increasingly expanded from private to public domains, crossing geographic and community borders. At the same time, the borders of communities are maintained and the feeling of community is strengthened by using Romani elements in online discourse.