Browsing by Subject "superdiversity"

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  • Lipiainen, Tuuli; Halafoff, Anna; Mansouri, Fethi; Bouma, Gary (2020)
    Ongoing global issues relating to the decline of the popularity of institutional religions, the rise of numbers of non-religious persons, and new models of spirituality in superdiverse societies have resulted in the need to reconceptualise religious diversity as worldviews diversity, and to critically examine increasing calls for the provision of worldviews education in schools. This paper first examines the key concepts of superdiversity and religious complexity in contemporary societies. It then presents an overview of scholarship pertaining to the concepts of worldviews and worldviews education. It next provides case studies of worldview/s education in Finland and Australia, drawing on data of recently completed qualitative and quantitative studies in the two countries. Finally, it concludes with a comparative analysis of the two contexts, and recommendations pertaining to worldviews education as a means of enhancing cross-cultural literacy, positive attitudes to religious diversity and thereby social inclusion.
  • Asén, Karolina (Helsingin yliopisto, 2019)
    Urban social work differs from social work practice in smaller communities. Most of the social work today is done in cities worldwide due to urbanization. Still it is not clear what urban social work really is. The urban context paradoxically is familiar to social work, yet at the same time it seems evaded. The thesis has two primal aims. One is to examine how social work in urban settings is conceptualized in existing scientific literature. The second one is to contribute to the development of social services for migrants by illuminating what knowledge there is in earlier research about urban social work facilitating migrant inclusion and which the critical elements within the field are. The thesis takes on the critical framework of positional reflexivity. Two methods were used conducting this master´s thesis, a scoping review and an expert interview. The two-staged scoping review strives to find the relevant literature and to systematically delimit the data. The data consists of 17 peer-reviewed scientific articles and an expert interview. The three research questions are 1) How is urban social work conceptualized in existing scientific literature?, 2) What is today's knowledge about urban social work facilitating migrant inclusion from existing scientific literature? And 3) What are the critical elements of urban social work with migrants? The data is analyzed using content analysis. Urban social work is conceptualized in close conjunction with community, however urban communities are changing due to increased mobility and diversity. Urban social workers are working in a myriad of complex social networks and within tensions and boundaries. The rise of emerging concepts like superdiversity, transmigration and gentrification show that urban social work research today is strongly characterized by questions concerning migration. Some factors facilitating migrant inclusion are the need for urban social workers to advocate for structural change of the way urban social work with migrant look like today. Also meeting the superdiverse urban clientele with a cultural humility approach and the acknowledging of the various formal and informal encounters are some of the identified facilitating factors. Significant gaps in social work research concerning urban social work and urban social work facilitating migrant inclusion are identified. Since most migrants arrive to cities and also tend to stay there, the lack of scientific topical knowledge is crucial. The lack of sustainability in urban social work with migrants, the crucial need for structures enabling relational social work and the need for social work to actually start where the clients are turned out to be some of the critical elements. Positional reflexivity turns out to be undetected in many of the included articles on urban social work with migrants, this demonstrates a need for an increased recognition of it within scientific urban social work research concerning of migrants.
  • Yuan, Mei; Sude, Bilige; Chen, Ning; Dervin, Fred (2021)
    Using the concept and approach of superdiversity, this paper complements current studies on the internationalization of higher education by focusing on the understudied case of an ethnic-group serving institution in China. 17 international students at this superdiverse institution, where members of the 56 Chinese 'ethnic' Minzu groups live and study together, were interviewed about their experiences in Chinese and English. Considering the originality and complexity of this specific Chinese context, the authors chose Dialogic Discourse Analysis to analyse the data. This complex analytical method allows to identify and problematise the ways superdiversity seems to have influenced (or not) the students' stay in China and their engagement with Minzu. Although superdiversity is reported as a pull factor for most students, their experiences of it and encounters with members of different Minzu groups, appear to be limited. However, the students' knowledge and awareness of this important aspect of Chinese society is compelling when the students discuss what they have learnt interculturally. They also seem to have modified many of their essentialist and culturalist representations of China. The article ends with recommendations for both scholars and Ethnic group-serving institutions in China and elsewhere, for rethinking intercultural experiences in study abroad.