Browsing by Subject "taekwondo"

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  • Puustinen, Kai (2000)
    Work concentrates on the reasons and demands behind a successful internationalization of a sport and government's role behind the success. Two cases in this study are Judo and Taekwondo. They both are oriental martial arts which have become to a sport. Governments have been supporting both of the studied cases. How that support has been done and how it has been helping the sports to become international sports are the main issues of this research. The method used in the research is called understanding explaining. It is qualitative, explaining and partly empirical. The main part of the knowledge comes from the interviews made during March 27th, 1997 and March 24th, 1998. Nationalism is one main issue in the framework of the study. Nationalism and it's connections to the sports have also been taken under closer surveillance in this work. Nationalism in sports is a very important issue to understand before the actions of the governments within the sports studied are presented. After the framework both of the studied sports histories are introduced and then the comparison of the cases is made. Last part of the work concentrates to the benefits for the government from supporting the sports and after this few conclusions are made. As a result of the study, a new model to picture the development of the internationalization process - Seven Step -model - is introduced. The role of the government in both cases is clearly seen. The connection to the daily international politics of the countries studied is also pointed out.
  • Taskinen, Minna (Helsingin yliopisto, 2019)
    In this thesis, I have approached taekwondo from the cultural perspective using ethnographic methods. This martial art form is often associated with Korea; however, its origins seem to lie in the Japanese karate – although Korean sources often claim it to be even 2000 thousand years old tradition practiced in Korean peninsula. Foreign scholars such as Udo Moenig, on the other hand, have conducted convincing studies that illustrate similarities between these two martial forms. Furthermore, many martial art schools – that are considered as the “founding schools” of the “modern taekwondo” - were established after the Second World War. This controversy offered inspiration to look further into taekwondo as an “invented tradition”. In short, according to Eric Hobsbawm and Terrence Ranger’s definition, “invented traditions” are often created by repeating and even manipulating origin stories to establish the preferred history. Moreover, it often strengthens the local nationalism. Therefore, it is important to look into Korean nationalism to understand the reasons to highlight taekwondo’s Korean roots. In the modern day another concept related to taekwondo and Korean nationalism is the so-called “Korean Wave”, also known as hallyu by its Korean name. Especially scholars such as Jin Dal Yong and Kim Bok-rae define hallyu as a “soft power” to disseminate Korean culture globally through cultural products such as television shows, music, food and even sports. Hence, studying foreign people, who do taekwondo or in other words taekwondoin, to see if taekwondo really promotes Korean culture and inspires people to learn more about Korea became the main focus of the project. I decided to focus on the Finnish context because I have been learning taekwondo myself. Additionally, as a Finnish person I am familiar with the Finnish culture due to which understanding both cultures helps to explain the differences between the two cultures. Furthermore, I wanted to see, how much Korean cultural features have been adopted in the Finnish taekwondo gyms. To do this, I observed and attended taekwondo classes in three different taekwondo associations in Southern Finland, and I interviewed seven people with different belt ranks from beginner to master. In Finland taekwondo is typically seen as a martial art form with Korean background. Certain traditions such as bowing to greet and yelling as a response to commands are often associated with martial arts generally. Korean language is used in the class variedly depending on the instructor, but many seem not comfortable memorizing the terms and most common technique names have been translated to Finnish. In addition to this, teaching taekwondo is almost purely volunteer-based, the classes are after work hours, and the space to train is rented and so shared with other sport associations. Although taekwondo gyms might not remind people of Korea, the preserved traditions are seen as a way to pay homage to the founders of the sport.