Browsing by Subject "tensions"

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  • Lehtisaari, Katja Marleena; Villi, Mikko; Grönlund, Mikko; Linden, Tommy Carl-Gustav; Mierzejewska, Bozena; Picard, Robert; Röpnack, Axel (2018)
    The article focuses on innovation and social media strategies in newspaper companies in the US and three Scandinavian countries (Sweden, Norway and Denmark). Many previous studies have focused on the state of journalism and media industry in single countries, although media have distinct features in different countries. Through the comparative setting, it is possible to examine the differences in media innovation strategies and study what factors affect innovation in media production, business models, sources of funding, and social media strategies. The qualitative part of the paper consists of semi-structured in-depth interviews (N = 65) with media managers and experts, which were carried out in Scandinavia in 2016 and in the US in 2017. The quantitative market data covers the years 2006–2016; this timespan corresponds well with the accelerating digital transition in the newspaper business. According to the results, new business models are mostly new combinations of existing revenue streams, while adaptation of new technology is slow, with few exceptions.
  • Heiskanen, Eva; Matschoss, Kaisa; Laakso, Senja; Rinkinen, Jenny; Apajalahti, Eeva-Lotta (2021)
    Energiamurros, eli siirtymä kohti hiilineutraaleja yhteiskuntia, joissa energiajärjestelmä rakentuu uusiutuviin energianlähteisiin perustuvaan energiantuotantoon, on käynnissä kaikkialla maailmassa. Tässä katsauksessa tarkastelemme energiamurrosta neljän käsitteen kautta: energiakansalaisuuden ja -demokratian, energiahaavoittuvuuden, identiteettipolitiikan ja reilun energiamurroksen kautta. Tavoitteenamme on tunnistaa ja tarkentaa näihin käsitteisiin liittyviä paikallisia jännitteitä nostamalla esiin suomalaisia esimerkkejä. Energiamurros näkyy suomalaisten arjessa muun muassa autoiluun ja asumiseen sekä elinkeinoihin liittyvinä muutostarpeina sekä uusina mahdollisuuksina osallistua energiamarkkinoille. Nämä muutokset tuottavat uudenlaisia, osin risteäviä eriarvoisuuksia. Energiademokratia painottaa energiantuotantoon osallistumisen ja ruohonjuuritason innovatiivisuuden kautta saavutettavia vaikutusmahdollisuuksia, jotka Suomessa ovat pääosin vielä esiasteella eivätkä kaikkien saavutettavissa. Uusin energiahaavoittuvuutta koskeva tutkimus osoittaa, että kaikki haavoittuvat ryhmät eivät myöskään näy politiikan teossa. Energiamurroksen reiluudesta puhuttaessa oikeudenmukaisuus ymmärretäänkin tulonjako-oikeudenmukaisuuden ja menettelytapa­oikeudenmukaisuuden rinnalla tunnustamisen oikeudenmukaisuutena, joka painottaa eri ryhmien kunnioitusta ja erityistarpeiden tunnustamista. Koska energiamurroksen toteutuminen kansalaisten arjessa näyttää myös politisoituvan, yhteiskuntaa hyödyttävän energiamurroksen edistämiseksi on kiinnitettävä erityistä huomiota risteäviin eriarvoisuuksiin sekä etsittävä keinoja vahvistaa erilaisten kansalaisryhmien osallisuutta.
  • Salmela, Mikko; MacLeod, Miles; Munck af Rosenschöld, Johan (2021)
    Interdisciplinarity is widely considered necessary to solving many contemporary problems, and new funding structures and instruments have been created to encourage interdisciplinary research at universities. In this article, we study a small technical university specializing in green technology which implemented a strategy aimed at promoting and developing interdisciplinary collaboration. It did so by reallocating its internal research funds for at least five years to “research platforms” that required researchers from at least two of the three schools within the university to participate. Using data from semi-structured interviews from researchers in three of these platforms, we identify specific tensions that the strategy has generated in this case: (1) in the allocation of platform resources, (2) in the division of labor and disciplinary relations, (3) in choices over scientific output and academic careers. We further show how the particular platform format exacerbates the identified tensions in our case. We suggest that certain features of the current platform policy incentivize shallow interdisciplinary interactions, highlighting potential limits on the value of attempting to push for interdisciplinarity through internal funding.
  • Thorén, Henrik; Soininen, Niko; Kotamäki, Niina (Elsevier, 2021)
    Environmental Science & Policy 124 (2021), 478-484
    Legal decision-making often relies on scientific knowledge and information of other kinds, not least in environmental law where legal institutions use environmental modeling to, for example, project expected effects of projects when approving or denying permits. In this paper, using use the problem-feeding model of interdisciplinarity, we analyze this relationship as an exchange of problems and solutions between different communities of expertise. Drawing on recent examples from Finland, we use the problem-feeding model to explore the conditions under which problem-solution coordination breaks down. We argue that tensions between the notions of uncertainty used by the different communities of expertise can lead to differing understandings of the way the relationship between legal institutions and scientific experts works, and that this may disrupt the orderly exchange of problems and solutions. We illustrate our views in a fictional discussion between a lawyer and a modeler.
  • Anspal, Tiina; Leijen, Äli; Löfström, Erika (2019)
    This paper describes a 2-year follow-up study on teacher identity development in different types of teacher education programmes. Teacher identity development was analysed with a focus on student teachers' views of teacher's roles and tensions experienced during their studies. Student teachers (n = 20) were interviewed at the beginning and end of the master-level studies. Three types of tensions were identified: (1) conception of self versus professional role, (2) role expectations versus university training, (3) and multiple professional role expectations. The follow-up study showed that tensions tended to accumulate to some extent. However, successful consolidation of tensions appeared to depend on how the student teachers were able to recognise resources at their disposal, with implications for organisation of reflection support in teacher education.