Browsing by Subject "tongue squamous cell carcinoma"

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  • Almahmoudi, Rabeia; Kasanen, Merimaija; Sieviläinen, Meri; Salem, Abdelhakim; Pirinen, Matti; Salo, Tuula; Al-Samadi, Ahmed (2019)
    Tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) has a poor prognosis due to its early metastasis via blood and lymphatic vessels. We performed a systematic review to investigate the prognostic significance of blood microvessel density (MVD) and lymphatic vessel density (LVD) in TSCC patients. We conducted a systematic search in Ovid Medline, Scopus, and Cochrane libraries. All studies that evaluated the prognostic significance of MVD/LVD markers in TSCC were systematically retrieved. Our results showed that MVD/LVD markers, CD31, CD34, CD105, factor VIII, LYVE‐1, and D2‐40 were evaluated in TSCC patients until 28 June 2018. Six out of 13 studies reported markers that were associated with poor prognosis in TSCC. Two out of three studies suggested that a high number of D2‐40+ vessels predicated low overall survival (OS); the third study reported that the ratio of D2‐40+ over factor VIII+ vessels is associated with low OS. Most of the other markers had controversial results for prognostication. We found higher expression of MVD/LVD markers were commonly, but not always, associated with shorter survival in TSCC patients. It is therefore not currently possible to recommend implementation of these markers as reliable prognosticators in clinical practice. More studies (especially for D2‐40) with larger patient cohorts are needed.
  • Tervo, Sanni; Seppala, Miia; Rautiainen, Markus; Huhtala, Heini; Salo, Tuula; Al-Samadi, Ahmed; Kuopio, Teijo; Ahtiainen, Maarit; Tommola, Satu; Paavonen, Timo; Toppila-Salmi, Sanna (2020)
    Programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) is an immune checkpoint receptor which plays an important role in a patient's immune responses to microbial and cancer antigens. It is expressed in tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) with many different malignancies. The aim of the study was to evaluate PD-1 expression and its prognostic value in tongue cancer. The data of tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) patients (N = 81) treated in Tampere University Hospital between 1999 and 2013 were used. Control data consisted of patients with non-malignant tongue mucous membrane lesions (N = 48). The formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded samples were stained immunohistochemically and scanned via digital microscope. The staining of PD-1 was examined semi-quantitatively. The density and intensity of PD-1 + cells were significantly higher in TSCC than in control samples. The expression of PD-1 correlated with better survival. The expression of PD-1 could be a potential prognostic marker in TSCC. Further research using larger sample size is needed.