Browsing by Subject "transition of care"

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  • Tornivuori, Anna; Tuominen, Outi; Salantera, Sanna; Kosola, Silja (2020)
    Aims To define digital health services that have been studied among chronically ill adolescents and to describe e-health coaching elements that may have an impact on transition outcomes. Design Systematic review without meta-analysis. Data sources MEDLINE (Ovid), Pub Med, Scopus and CINAHL on 28 May 2018. Review methods Peer-reviewed articles published between January 2008-May 2018 were reviewed following the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions and reported according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses statement. Results Twelve randomized controlled trials were included. The interventions varied significantly in duration and content. E-coaching that included human and social support showed positive impact on transition outcomes. Digital health services incorporated into usual care provide efficient and accessible care. Conclusion E-coaching elements enable tailoring and personalization and present a tool for supporting and motivating chronically ill adolescents during transition of care. Future research should evaluate the effectiveness of e-coaching elements. Impact Digital services are considered a means for increasing adolescents' motivation for self-care and for increasing their accessibility to health care. The coaching elements in digital services consist of a theoretical basis, human support, interactive means and social support. Included interventions varied in terms of duration, dose, content and design. Our results may serve the development of digital health services for adolescents in transition. E-coaching can be used to engage and motivate chronically ill adolescents to improve health behaviour and self-management during transition of care.
  • Relas, Heikki; Luosujarvi, Riitta; Kosola, Silja (2018)
    Objectives: Across diagnosis groups, successful transition of adolescent and young adults from children's hospitals to adult care is often associated with decreased treatment adherence and treatment results. The aim of this study was to characterize disease activity and anti-rheumatic medications following transfer of care of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients to the adult clinic.Method: All consecutive JIA patients aged 16-20 years who visited the specific transition clinic in the rheumatology outpatient clinic of Helsinki University Hospital between November 2012 and May 2013 and between April 2015 and April 2016 were evaluated.Results: A total of 214 patients were identified, and 23 appeared in both cohorts. Females had higher disease activity scores (DAS) than males (DAS28-CRP 1.90.7 versus 1.6 +/- 0.3, p=.019; and DAS44-CRP 1.0 +/- 0.7 versus 0.7 +/- 0.5, p=.005; respectively) in the latter cohort. Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) were prescribed to 86% of patients, and 48% were on biological DMARDs (bDMARDs), whereas 14% had no specific treatments.Conclusion: Disease activity and clinic attendance remained stable during the transition period. The proportion of transition phase JIA patients on bDMARDs was high and disease activity was low. Reasons for lower disease activity in males in the latter cohort require further investigation.