Browsing by Subject "transition of care"

Sort by: Order: Results:

Now showing items 1-4 of 4
  • Tornivuori, Anna; Tuominen, Outi; Salantera, Sanna; Kosola, Silja (2020)
    Aims To define digital health services that have been studied among chronically ill adolescents and to describe e-health coaching elements that may have an impact on transition outcomes. Design Systematic review without meta-analysis. Data sources MEDLINE (Ovid), Pub Med, Scopus and CINAHL on 28 May 2018. Review methods Peer-reviewed articles published between January 2008-May 2018 were reviewed following the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions and reported according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses statement. Results Twelve randomized controlled trials were included. The interventions varied significantly in duration and content. E-coaching that included human and social support showed positive impact on transition outcomes. Digital health services incorporated into usual care provide efficient and accessible care. Conclusion E-coaching elements enable tailoring and personalization and present a tool for supporting and motivating chronically ill adolescents during transition of care. Future research should evaluate the effectiveness of e-coaching elements. Impact Digital services are considered a means for increasing adolescents' motivation for self-care and for increasing their accessibility to health care. The coaching elements in digital services consist of a theoretical basis, human support, interactive means and social support. Included interventions varied in terms of duration, dose, content and design. Our results may serve the development of digital health services for adolescents in transition. E-coaching can be used to engage and motivate chronically ill adolescents to improve health behaviour and self-management during transition of care.
  • Kivelä, Laura; Euren, Anna; Repo, Marleena; Huhtala, Heini; Kaukinen, Katri; Kurppa, Kalle (2022)
    PurposeWe evaluated adherence to a gluten-free diet and associated factors in adult celiac disease patients diagnosed in childhood. MethodsComprehensive medical data on 955 pediatric celiac disease patients was collected and study questionnaires sent to 559 who were now adults. All variables were compared between strictly adherent and non-adherent patients. ResultsAltogether 237 adults (median age 27 years, 69% women) responded to the questionnaires a median of 18 (range 3-51) years after the childhood diagnosis. Altogether 78% were reportedly adherent and 22% non-adherent. The non-adherent patients had more concomitant type 1 diabetes (18% vs. 4%, p = 0.003), whereas the groups did not differ in demographic data or clinical and histological features at diagnosis, or in short-term dietary adherence. In adulthood, non-adherent patients found gluten-free diet more challenging (39% vs. 17%, p < 0.001) and had higher prevalence (39% vs. 19%, p = 0.004) and severity of symptoms. The main motivation factors for dietary adherence were attempts to avoid symptoms and complications, but these were considered less important and price of gluten-free products more important among non-adherent patients. Adherent and non-adherent patients did not differ in socioeconomic or lifestyle factors, comorbidities other than type 1 diabetes, self-reported general health, health concerns, follow-up, or in quality of life. ConclusionMost originally pediatric celiac disease patients reported strict dietary adherence in adulthood. However, particularly those with concomitant type 1 diabetes, persistent symptoms or financial issues may require attention during the transition from pediatric to adult care.
  • Relas, Heikki; Luosujarvi, Riitta; Kosola, Silja (2018)
    Objectives: Across diagnosis groups, successful transition of adolescent and young adults from children's hospitals to adult care is often associated with decreased treatment adherence and treatment results. The aim of this study was to characterize disease activity and anti-rheumatic medications following transfer of care of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients to the adult clinic.Method: All consecutive JIA patients aged 16-20 years who visited the specific transition clinic in the rheumatology outpatient clinic of Helsinki University Hospital between November 2012 and May 2013 and between April 2015 and April 2016 were evaluated.Results: A total of 214 patients were identified, and 23 appeared in both cohorts. Females had higher disease activity scores (DAS) than males (DAS28-CRP 1.90.7 versus 1.6 +/- 0.3, p=.019; and DAS44-CRP 1.0 +/- 0.7 versus 0.7 +/- 0.5, p=.005; respectively) in the latter cohort. Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) were prescribed to 86% of patients, and 48% were on biological DMARDs (bDMARDs), whereas 14% had no specific treatments.Conclusion: Disease activity and clinic attendance remained stable during the transition period. The proportion of transition phase JIA patients on bDMARDs was high and disease activity was low. Reasons for lower disease activity in males in the latter cohort require further investigation.
  • Kosola, Silja; Relas, Heikki (2021)
    Objectives. Transition of adolescents with chronic diseases from paediatric healthcare to adult care requires attention to maintain optimal treatment results. We examined changes in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and disease activity among JIA patients with or without concomitant psychiatric diagnoses after transfer to an adult clinic. Methods. We prospectively followed 106 consecutive patients who were transferred from the New Children's Hospital to the Helsinki University Hospital Rheumatology outpatient clinic between April 2015 and August 2019 and who had at least one follow-up visit. HRQoL was measured using 15D, a generic instrument. Results. The patients' median age at transfer was 16 years and disease duration 4.0 years. Patients were followed for a median of 1.8 years. Disease activity and overall HRQoL remained stable, but distress (dimension 13 of 15D) increased during follow up (P=0.03). At baseline, patients with at least one psychiatric diagnosis had lower overall 15D scores [mean 0.89 (S.D. 0.14) vs 0.95 (S.D. 0.05), P Conclusion. Transition-phase JIA patients with psychiatric diagnoses had lower HRQoL than other JIA patients. Despite reduced disease activity and pain, HRQoL of patients with psychiatric diagnoses remained suboptimal at the end of follow-up. Our results highlight the necessity of comprehensive care and support for transition-phase JIA patients.