Browsing by Subject "urheiluseura"

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  • Tuomaala, Anna-Sofia (Helsingin yliopisto, 2018)
    The aim of this study was to investigate junior basketball players motivation and enjoyment in physical education and in sport. In addition, the point of this study was to compare factors that affected junior basketball players motivation and enjoyment in physical education and in sport. Previous studies have shown that autonomy, competence and social-relatedness have had a positive effect on motivation. Also ego-orientation and task-orientation have had an effect on development of motivation. Previous studies also shown that especially enjoyment and competence have a big positive effect on children’s motivation. The participants in this study were 6 and they were 12 – 13 -year-old basketball players and they represent one club in Southern Finland. The data were collected by using semi-structured interview. The interviews were analysed by using phenomenography research approach. Conclusions in this study was that junior basketball players motivation and enjoyment was better in basketball practice than in physical education. On the basis of the results I came to the conclusion that external factors, competition and social comparison, social factors and an internal factors affected to junior basketball players motivation and enjoyment. The findings indicate that teachers and coaches should support student’s autonomy and social relatedness in physical education.
  • Neuvonen, Petteri (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    Football club activities play an important role in the physical education of Finnish children. The educational impacts of the activities depend largely on the club’s guidelines and the coaches’ educational skills. The role of the coach as an educator is unavoidable, as sports creates educational situations where it is possible to influence children’s actions and thinking directly or through their parents. The research assignment of this study is to describe the views of football coaches involved in childhood sports on their role in children’s physical education. The objective is to research how children’s coaches view their role as an educator, and the factors influencing their role in the football club. The study was carried out as a qualitative case study, in which the research material consisted of semi-structured thematic interviews with five children’s football coaches. Two full-time and two part-time coaches, and one volunteer coach from different football clubs in the Helsinki metropolitan area were selected for interview by quota sampling. The analysis of the material was carried out using theory-guided content analysis, where the coaches' views on the research topic were described. The coaches described that their role is significant as part of children’s physical education. With their actions, the coaches offered a role model to children, for instance in behavior and attitude to competition. Enjoying football was raised as the most important educational goal. Collaboration with children’s parents and members of the coaching staff influenced the role of the coach as an educator. The clubs guided the coaches in different ways and team sizes defined by the clubs impacted the role of the coaches. Based on the literature and my research, a competent coach enables high-quality physical education in football clubs. The skills of coaches should be developed and means to do so should be further studied. Based on the research, it can be recommended that clubs use team sizes small enough to allow the coach to consider children’s individual needs.
  • Kettunen, Anni (Helsingfors universitet, 2017)
    The aim of this Master's thesis is to uncover how the the coaches of Tapanilan Erä floorball club support improvement of physical, mental and social objectives of 7 – 12 –years old players. I also examine how Tapanilan erä floorball club's action plan is shown in action and what kind of motivation atmosphere exist in practise. This work is based on my previous bachelor's thesis The realization of pedagogical objectives in the action plans of floorball clubs. My bachelor's thesis has been shown that Tapanilan Erä floorball club has the most mentions of physical, sosioemotional and mental objectives in action plan. My master's thesis is a case study and the analysis is conducted by ethnographic research method. Four coaches took apart to this research. Material was gathered by observing practise and interviewing the coaches after salibandypractices. I also used Tapanilan Erä floorball club's action plan in this master's thesis. Results has been shown that Tapanilan Erä's coaches are supporting players physical improvement. The practises are well organized and effective. Mental and social objectives are known but only few of the coaches used the methods in their practises. The physical objectives of Tapanilan Erä floorball club's action plan are shown in practise. On of the goals of Tapanilan Erä's action plan were cheering and inspiring. Only two of the coaches were showing those goals in their work. The most of the practises contained motivational atmosphere. This work is provided for those sports clubs which want to confirm their role in education, when mentioning emotional skills and social skills.
  • Vaittinen, Katri (Helsingin yliopisto, 2019)
    According to the Register of Associations, there are 14,000 sports clubs in Finland and up to 55% of children and adolescents aged 7-14 participate in their activities. When children and young people participate in sports club activities, it also engages their parents as part of the sports club. Parents enable sports club activities by bringing children and young people into the community, paying hobby fees, and volunteering for the benefit of the sports club. This Master’s thesis is based on Bronfenbrenner's ecological theory, which provides a basis for exploring the interaction between different educational environments. Based on the data I collected, I researched parents' perceptions of communication, collaboration, and the role parents play in sports club activities. I collected data in an online questionnaire in February 2019, which was answered by 254 parents of athletes under the age of 18 from sports clubs around Finland. The analysis of the data was conducted through qualitative methods, classi-fying, typing and theming. There has been no previous research on the subject from the parents’ point of view, so the goal was to provide the sports clubs participating in the study with new information that can improve parent-club cooperation and provide an overview of parents' views on cooperation with the sports club. It turned out that communication between the sports club and parents is based on electronic communication. Sports clubs are more likely to contact parents for in-formation, but parents are more likely to be in contact with a sports club regarding a child or young person. Parents felt that communication, openness and a common spirit worked to-gether. In their responses, parents described their role in the sports club as sponsor, encourage and transport, or through volunteer roles such as treasurer or team leader. The results of the survey highlighted the desire to have a clear role description of being a parent in a sports club and advice on how to support a sporting child and adolescent. Parents of young people, especially those aged 13, felt they needed support from the sports club for their own parenting. Previous studies, on the other hand, show that at the age of 13 a young person starts to think about quitting sports with a sports club. Nationally, however, more research is needed on the subject, but in the future, more attention should be paid to mutual interaction, parents supporting and educating sport club leaders.
  • Kanth, Jirijoonas (Helsingfors universitet, 2016)
    The aim of this study is to find out through a case study what role football plays in the lives and acculturation processes of immigrant youth in Helsinki. The second aim is to investigate what factors influence the most to the youth's starting point of football and its' continuity. The concepts of acculturation and integration I will observe mainly based on the previous acculturation theories. I will study the influence of football as a tool into the acculturation processes through earlier studies about sport clubs and sports. Based on my own experience and bachelor thesis, my hypothesis is that football can help immigrant youth to acculturate into the new homeland due to football's transcultural and translinguistic nature. In my case study I interviewed two pair of immigrant brothers who play football. I knew both brothers before the study. I collected the data using focused interviews. I analysed the data using content analysis and actant analysis that is one form of narrative analysis. According to the results of my study, football clearly helped the brothers in their acculturation processes into Finland and Helsinki. The most football helped them to expand their social networks that helped them to get to know Finnish families and customs. They did not learn Finnish much through football, which was surprising and differed from the earlier studies. They learnt Finnish better with friends and in school. Success in football helped to improve their feeling of competence and self-esteem, especially according to the older pair of brothers. The younger pair of brothers felt extra pressure and stress to do well in football, because they were worried about their mom wasting her money into their hobby. The factors that influenced the most to the starting point and continuity of football were the economic and mental support of the family, the coach's and the team's support and flexibility for the immigrant family in the monthly costs, experienced success, and the approval of the team mates. The positive effects of football on acculturation cannot be taken for granted or automatically considered to be accomplished. It needs successful events and positive encounters. After bad experiences on and off the field, football might also create extra stress and pressure to the youth that might slow down and compromise the whole acculturation process.