Browsing by Subject "uudistava oppiminen"

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  • Convertito, Giorgio (2020)
    In this thesis I look at some of the ethical issues involved in one-to-one practices, observing how they offer a uniquely compress example of dialogical, experiential and transformative pedagogy, providing the most obvious representation of the meeting with the Other and with the otherness within oneself. I look in particular at the idea of ‘perceived obligation’, the way we respond to a situation as we think we are expected to by an authority figure. Another crucial concept of this research is that of safe space / brave space, a space where risks are acceptable and even welcome, and where a transformative experience can take place. I use Van Manen, Antila and Arao&Clemens to advocate that a safe space cannot be just a container for rules and that there are no universal procedures that can guarantee safety, suggesting instead a dialogical approach. The proposal is that a caring approach to ethics, combined with the integrity, insight, generosity and sensitivity of the practitioner, and a mutual interest and respect for the material, are the ingredients that create a safe environment for learning through transformation. I use my artistic project “Hotel Room Encounters” as a laboratory where the issues mentioned above can be observed and studied. Most of this research is based on observing my own personal experience, but also on comments made by the participants during the encounters as well as in the notes they wrote and left to me after the encounter. The project aims to create a situation favourable to the meeting with the unknown and to a transformative experience. In accordance with Rancière’s and Biesta’s idea that in order to learn and grow, one has to move out of one’s comfort zone, I tried to create the conditions for a safe discomfort and for a gentle push of boundaries; a move into the risk zone designed to set the conditions for an unusual experience and potential for learning something about oneself. I also look at the “Hotel Room Encounter” as improvisational and somatic practice, using my experience in such practices to guide me through the experience of meeting the unknown, especially within the format of one-to-one participatory performance, with what I had no previous experience as a practitioner. I also briefly link this work to my experience of somatic practices and eventually reflect on my positioning as a middle-aged white man in society.
  • Kosonen, Pirjo (Helsingin yliopisto, 2015)
    The ageing of population and workforce has major economic and social consequences for Finnish society. The aging, over fifty years old, workers are the largest age group on the labor market. The aim of this Master's Thesis is to understand work-efficacy and expertise of aging workers through their own accounts and descriptions of work, professional ability and development opportunities. The work and the knowledge of seniors are the research themes of this study. The research questions concerning work were: What are the impacts of age and experience on work-efficacy from the seniors perspective? What kind of plans and possibilities do seniors have for developing their work and advancing and their career? The research questions concerning expertise were: What are the impacts of age and experience on professional knowledge from the seniors perspective? How seniors build up professional knowledge and expertise? The research is qualitative and the data was produced by semi-structured interviews. The nine interviewees were ageing personell of communal technical sector. The method of this research was theory bound content analysis. The research concepts were based on social cognitive self-efficacy theories of Albert Bandura and critical theory of self-directed learning of Jack Mezirow. In the frame of this study these theories guide and structure the analysis of learning, self-directiveness, and professional developmental potential and possibilities of senior adults. The findings of this study showed that the age and experience increase efficacy and interest in developing work and expertise. Developing capabilities and expertise in rapidly changing environment requires proactivity, self-directiveness and critical reflection of working and learning. In the case of the aging workforce aims of lifelong learning are relalized. From the perspective of ageing personell networking and benchmarking are seen as the most efficient way of developing work and regenerating learning in the workplace. Seniors develop their work and expertise actively. As the retirement age approaches the developing efforts are sifted from advancing one's own expertise and career to developing of the work and knowledge of the organization. Transferring the knowledge and expertise of seniors to younger members of organization is also important. The research findings are noteworthy because the potential of aging workforce and value of their expertise is not yet fully understood and appreciated. Supporting and enhancing aging workers efficacy, learning and development is important from the seniors own point of view but also essential for Finnish competitiveness and society.