Browsing by Subject "ventriloquism"

Sort by: Order: Results:

Now showing items 1-3 of 3
  • Simpson, Ashley; Dervin, Fred (2017)
    In recent years the words ‘Finnish education’ are accompanied by utterances of ‘an education miracle’, ‘the best education system’, ‘a success’ and a number of other adjectives and superlatives to ‘describe’ education in Finland. While Finland’s PISA ranking has declined media interest and discourses on ‘Finnish education’ have not relented. Seemingly, Finland’s educational system is as popular as it has ever been. Finland’s education system is viewed with ‘international admiration’ yet behind these discourses are a number of discursive contradictions. Using the discursive concept of ventriloquism (Tannen 2010; Cooren, 2014) we show how ‘Finnish education’ has become ventriloquised – when ‘Finnish education’ is uttered a number of automatically generated responses are uttered by speakers. In this sense, discourses on ‘the success of the Finnish education system’ act as prevailing meta-discourses. We argue that, behind these constructs, can too easily lie ventriloquised discourses reinforcing and (re)producing Finnish ethnocentrisms, intercultural ignorance and a lack of regard for the other. Through analysing the discourses of specific educators and academics on ‘Finnish education’ we show that behind the ‘hype’ and meta-discourses on the Finnish education system lie possible sentiments of (hidden) ethnocentrisms, (hidden) xenophobia, and (hidden) racism.
  • Hoegaerts, Josephine; Wiklund, Mari (2021)
  • Ripatti, Minttu (Helsingfors universitet, 2016)
    Speech is a sum of a complicated, multifunctional neurological and motor action. By changing the articulatory setting, the resonance properties of the vocal tract change and a new sound is created. Speech can be described as a continuum of articulatory manoeuvre; each manoeuvre has its own function and they're added together to gain the target articulation. Ventriloquism is speech without visible speech manoeuvres. Previously only few studies about ventriloquism have been published. Studies have focused on articulation, expiratory air pressure, fundamental frequency, laryngeal action, perceptual voice quality and simulation of compensating sounds of a ventriloquist. This study wanted to find out about the articulatory strategies of ventriloquists. Nasality, fundamental frequency, duration and the actual ventriloquism as a speech technique were examined – the writer learned the art of ventriloquism during research. Results show higher fundamental frequency, more nasality and longer duration compared to normal speech. However, differences between the participants were found. We can also rename ventriloquism as velar speech technique by the results obtained from the study. The results show, that velar speech technique may have a potential rule in helping those with structurally disturbed articulators. e.g. oral and throat cancer patients during post-operative speech therapy.