Browsing by Subject "vocational school"

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  • Köykkä, Katariina (Helsingfors universitet, 2017)
    Introduction. Sedentary behaviour, i.e. sitting or reclining without being otherwise physically active, has been associated with serious health consequences, independent of moderate to vigorous physical activity. Schooldays include long periods of uninterrupted sitting and schools have been recognized as a promising setting for health promotion interventions. Let’s Move It intervention was developed to reduce vocational school students’ sedentary time. As teachers have large potential to regulate students’ sedentary time in classrooms, they were trained by Let’s Move It facilitators in three 90 minute workshops to 1) decrease their students’ total sedentary time and to 2) introduce breaks to sedentary time in classrooms by using active teaching methods and activity breaks.Teacher training also included habit formation components to create sustained habitual behaviours in providing sedentary behaviour reduction for students. This study evaluates the effectiveness of the Let’s Move It teacher training, teachers’ engagement with the habit formation components, and the habit formation processes. Methods. A cluster randomised controlled trial with one intervention arm (Let’s Move It workshops for teachers) compared with a control arm (no treatment) was conducted in six school units. Altogether 236 eligible teachers were identified, of whom 118 were allocated to intervention arm and 116 to control arm. In the intervention arm, 64 teachers received the intervention. Baseline and 8-week follow-up data was collected with online questionnaires. Results. The Let’s Move It workshops for vocational school teachers were effective in increasing teachers’ reported use of classrooms sitting reductions strategies and frequency of introducing breaks to students’ sitting, but not frequency of reducing students’ total sitting time. Only 15.5 % of intervention arm teachers used habit formation techniques frequently. However, the habit formation techniques the teachers reported having used were mostly optimal for habit formation. Use of habit formation techniques was not correlated with sitting reduction automaticity. However, use of habit formation techniques was positively correlated with both use of sitting reduction strategies and frequency of reducing students’ total sedentary time. Discussion. The Let’s Move It intervention was successful in increasing vocational school teachers’ use of classroom sitting reduction strategies. Even though this study could not indicate habit formation techniques’ effectiveness in making teachers’ classroom sitting reduction practices habitual, it indicated that habit formation has potential to aid teachers’ behaviour change in this context. Further research is needed to establish acceptability, feasibility and effectiveness of habit formation in teachers’ classroom sitting reduction training.
  • Friberg, Kalervo (2013)
    A student self-determination profile of occupational and educational choices was examined through the concepts of Locus of Causality and Locus of Orientation. Research questions associated with respondents’ certainty of occupation and orientation to vocational education were answered. The tested hypotheses were as follows: (a) Independence, initiative, self-guidance, choice of discussion forums, and gender are related to certainty of future occupation choice and choice of vocational education; (b) certainty of occupation relates to choosing vocational education; (c) negatively biased media lessens interest in vocational education; and (d) vocational education choices are related to gender. A survey of ninth-grade students in Finnish comprehensive school was conducted after implementation of a work-orientation program defined in the national comprehensive school curriculum. At the local school system level, 649 subjects of the mean ages of 16.0 years participated in an Internet survey in two school districts in southwestern Finland in 2008. The variables were inserted in Linear Multiple Regression Analysis in IBM SPSS. The means of vocational school choice and certainty of occupation, and vocational school choice and negative media image were compared in SPSS means. An independent-samples ttest for vocational school choice and sex was conducted. Statistically significant regression models of loci of orientation and locus of causality were found. The more the respondents were certain of their occupation choice, the more they expressed their secondary education orientation to be vocational school. When students discussed their choices less at home, their orientation to vocational education weakened. A negative media image was not associated with vocational school choice in this data. The measured means for girls’ and boys’ orientations to vocational school did not show statistically significant differences.
  • Aho, Hanna; Pietila, Ilkka; Joronen, Katja (2019)