Browsing by Subject "voimauttava vuorovaikutus"

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  • Väänänen, Pauliina (Helsingfors universitet, 2016)
    Aim: People with speaking disabilities have equal rights to functional interaction and communication as people without disabilities. These rights actualize only through the actions and skills of more able communicators. Guiding staff and family members is an important part of every speech and language pathologist's (SLP) job, especially if the client has severe learning disability. However, many SLPs experience guiding difficult and the results of staff communication training have been unsatisfactory. There are different models that can be used to help the process of indirect speech and language therapy. One of them is called Intensive interaction (II). Its role in enhancing interaction skills of more able communicators has only been studied a little. The purpose of this study is to find out if II is a meaningful approach to carry out indirect speech and language therapy. The aim was to find out if and how the interaction skills of a staff member change during an II process. The aim was also to figure out how she saw the significance of II. Methods: This research data were collected in the Communication and Technology Centre Tikoteekki of the Finnish Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. The data were collected during an II process that took place in 2014 and 2015 in a residential unit for people with learning disabilities. This study had two participants, one of whom was a resident with multiple learning and speaking disabilities, and the other one a staff member. The video material was composed of 14 interaction videos between the resident and the staff member, and one video of guidance discussion between the staff member and the mentoring SLP in the end of the process. The data were analysed according to the themes arising from the data, by mostly qualitative means. The changes in interaction skills were described with different tables and transcriptions. The guidance discussion was transcribed and analysed according to inductive analysis. Results and conclusions: The interaction style of the staff member became more sensitive and present. That change manifested through improvements in four elements of interaction: distance from the interaction partner, touching, quality and quantity of vocalization and tasklessness of interaction. The staff member saw II as a meaningful approach, especially for herself as an employee, but also for her interaction partner with multiple disabilities and more generally. These results suggest that II is a meaningful and effective means of mentoring significant others to become more sensitive, skillful and able interaction partners for persons with severe speaking disabilities. Additionally this study gives premises for further research on II and indirect speech and language therapy. In light of this research II is also important on societal level.
  • Haikarainen, Sanni-Liisa (Helsingin yliopisto, 2018)
    Tiedekunta - Fakultet - Faculty Medical Sciences Laitos - Institution – Department Department of psychology and logopedics Tekijä - Författare - Author Sanni-Liisa Haikarainen Työn nimi - Arbetets titel Title Verbalizing the chances of nonverbal interaction using the intensive interaction outcomes table Oppiaine - Läroämne - Subject Logopedics Työn laji/ Ohjaaja - Arbetets art/Handledare – Level/Instructor Master’s Thesis/Kaisa Launonen Aika - Datum - Month and year 01/2018 Sivumäärä - Sidoantal - Number of pages 43 pp. + 3 appendices Tiivistelmä - Referat - Abstract Aims: The aims of this study were to investigate how the users of intensive interaction outcomes table estimate the feasibility of it. I was especially interested whether the outcomes table makes it easier to observe and verbalize the changes in a client’s way to use nonverbal interaction. I also wanted to know how the users of intensive interaction outcomes table evaluate the need of improving it. Methods: The data of this study were collected with a questionnaire. The participants were found from the intensive interaction group in Facebook and from the email list of Tikoteekki’s specialist Kaisa Martikainen. The answers were classified thematically with the help of graphic symbols. Results: According to the findings of this study it seems that the intensive interaction outcomes table supports professionals in recognising changes in their client’s ways to use nonverbal interaction. It also helps them in verbalizing the recongized changes. The participants would develop the form by shorting it. It would make it easier to be used in everyday work. Avainsanat - Nyckelord Keywords Intensive interaction, intensive interaction outcomes table, autism spectrum disorder, intellectual impairment, nonverbal interaction Säilytyspaikka - Förvaringsställe - Where deposited Helsinki University Library – Helda / E-thesis (opinnäytteet) Muita tietoja - Övriga uppgifter - Additional information
  • Ohtonen, Jenni (Helsingfors universitet, 2017)
    Aims. People with profound and multiple learning disabilities (PMLD) communicate with pre-verbal communication techniques. They have severe difficulties in interaction with other people and building up relationships. Due to the limitations of the physical and mental capacities and the limitations sense organs, sense of touch is a meaningful way to interact with other people. Intensive Interaction is a technique of communication with people who communicate with pre-verbal communication techniques. Intensive Interaction is based on natural interaction between people. Its main goal is to create meaningful interaction and strengthen the basic skills in communication. The purpose of this study is to find out what role does touch play in the interaction between a person with PMLD and a skilled communication partner when the skilled partner uses Intensive Interaction methods. Method. The data of this study were collected in the Finnish Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and Tikoteekki. The data were total 36 videos and collected during Intensive Interaction -Coordinator training process. This study had two participants whose interaction sessions were monitored. The skilled partner used Intensive Interaction methods during these sessions. The data were studied with a large table and transcriptions. The data were analyzed with qualitative and quantitative means. Results and conclusions. The most interesting result of this study was the touching between the partners as it became more complex during the intervention session. Touching was a way to orientate towards communication partner, take turns in interaction, participate in shared activities and strengthen the relationship between the communication partners. The results suggest that when used systematically, Intensive Interaction can help build meaningful inter-action with people with PMLD. Role of the skilled partner is crucial in this meaningful interaction.