Browsing by Subject "walking"

Sort by: Order: Results:

Now showing items 1-10 of 10
  • Vaara, Jani P.; Vasankari, Tommi; Fogelholm, Mikael; Koski, Harri; Kyrolainen, Heikki (2020)
    IntroductionActive commuting is an inexpensive and accessible form of physical activity and may be beneficial to health. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of active commuting and its subcomponents, cycling and walking, with cardiometabolic risk factors, physical fitness and body composition in young men.MethodsParticipants were 776 Finnish young (267 years), healthy adult men. Active commuting was measured with self-report. Waist circumference was measured and body mass index (BMI) calculated. Aerobic fitness was measured with bicycle ergometer and muscular fitness with maximal leg and bench press, sit-ups, push-ups and standing long jump. Cardiometabolic risk factors were analysed from blood samples and selected variables (glucose, insulin, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, as well as systolic and diastolic blood pressure) were further converted to z-score to form clustered cardiometabolic risk.ResultsA total of 24% used active commuting consisting of 10% of walkers and 14% of cyclists. After adjustments for age, smoking, time of year, leisure-time and occupational physical activities, cycling was inversely associated with the clustered cardiometabolic risk (beta=-0.11, 95% CI -0.22 to -0.01), while walking was not (beta=-0.04, 95% CI -0.16 to 0.08). However, further adjustment for waist circumference attenuated the associations to non-significant. Moreover, cycling but not walking was inversely associated with BMI, waist circumference and maximal strength, while a positive association was observed with aerobic fitness (p
  • Kellomäki, Seppo (Suomen metsätieteellinen seura, 1977)
  • Rodionov, Andrei; Savolainen, Sarianna; Kirveskari, Erika; Mäkelä, Jyrki P.; Shulga, Anastasia (2020)
    Recovery of lower-limb function after spinal cord injury (SCI) is dependent on the extent of remaining neural transmission in the corticospinal pathway. The aim of this proof-of-concept pilot study was to explore the effects of long-term paired associative stimulation (PAS) on leg muscle strength and walking in people with SCI. Five individuals with traumatic incomplete chronic tetraplegia (>34 months post-injury, motor incomplete, 3 females, mean age 60 years) with no contraindications to transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) received PAS to one or both legs for 2 months (28 sessions in total, 5 times a week for the first 2 weeks and 3 times a week thereafter). The participants were evaluated with the Manual Muscle Test (MMT), AIS motor and sensory examination, Modified Asworth Scale (MAS), and the Spinal Cord Independence Measure (SCIM) prior to the intervention, after 1 and 2 months of PAS, and after a 1-month follow-up. The study was registered at (NCT03459885). During the intervention, MMT scores and AIS motor scores increased significantly (p = 0.014 and p = 0.033, respectively). Improvements were stable in follow-up. AIS sensory scores, MAS, and SCIM were not modified significantly. MMT score prior to intervention was a good predictor of changes in walking speed (Radj2 = 0.962). The results of this proof-of-concept pilot study justify a larger trial on the effect of long-term PAS on leg muscle strength and walking in people with chronic incomplete SCI.
  • Shulga, A.; Savolainen, S.; Kirveskari, E.; Mäkelä, J.P. (2020)
    Introduction: Paired associative stimulation (PAS) is a combination of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) and induces plastic changes in the human corticospinal tract. We have previously shown that PAS consisting of TMS pulses given at 100% of stimulator output and high-frequency PNS is beneficial for motor rehabilitation of patients with a chronic incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI). The therapeutic possibilities of this PAS variant for walking rehabilitation of paraplegic patients are unexplored. Case presentation: A 47-year old man with traumatic incomplete paraplegia (AIS D, neurological level T7) received PAS to his left leg for 3 months at 12 months post injury (PAS1) and for an additional 3 months at 24 months post injury (PAS2). The right leg had normal AIS scores and was not stimulated. Before PAS, the patient was nonambulatory, could not stand without weight support, and was consequently not eligible for conventional walking rehabilitation. After PAS1, the patient could stand for 1.5 min and take 13 steps (24 steps in follow up) on parallel bars without weight support and was enrolled into conventional walking rehabilitation. He achieved independent walking ability with a rollator. During PAS2, walking distance increased 2.4 times faster than during the preceding year. The left leg AIS score and spinal cord independence measure mobility subscore increased. No adverse effects were detected. Discussion: This is the first report of PAS with a high-frequency peripheral component that enabled and promoted walking rehabilitation. Together with previous reports on this technique, this result encourages further research into its therapeutic potential and mechanism. © 2020, The Author(s).
  • Laatikainen, Tiina E.; Haybatollahi, Mohammad; Kyttä, Marketta (2019)
    Physical activity is a fundamental factor in healthy ageing, and the built environment has been linked to individual health outcomes. Understanding the linkages between older adult’s walking and the built environment are key to designing supportive environments for active ageing. However, the variety of different spatial scales of human mobility has been largely overlooked in the environmental health research. This study used an online participatory mapping method and a novel modelling of individual activity spaces to study the associations between both the environmental and the individual features and older adults’ walking in the environments where older adult’s actually move around. Study participants (n = 844) aged 55+ who live in Helsinki Metropolitan Area, Finland reported their everyday errand points on a map and indicated which transport mode they used and how frequently they accessed the places. Respondents walking trips were drawn from the data and the direct and indirect effects of the personal, psychological as well as environmental features on older adults walking were examined. Respondents marked on average, six everyday errand points and walked for transport an average of 20 km per month. Residential density and the density of walkways, public transit stops, intersections and recreational sports places were significantly and positively associated with older adult’s walking for transport. Transit stop density was found having the largest direct effect to older adults walking. Built environment had an independent effect on older adults walking regardless of individual demographic or psychological features. Education and personal goals related to physical activities had a direct positive, and income a direct negative, effect on walking. Gender and perceived health had an indirect effect on walking, which was realized through individuals’ physical activity goals.
  • Minkkinen, Panu (2022)
    In fieldwork, the collection of qualitative empirical data is almost exclusively carried out on foot. When we study a ‘field’, it also suggests a terrain or an environment that we are meant to investigate. Yet the actual process of investigating something ‘on foot’, of walking, is seldom reflected on in any detail. The aim of this essay is to consider what this notion of investigating a field ‘on foot’ might mean for socio-legal scholarship. It focuses on the ways in which author WG Sebald’s walks in the Suffolk landscape, as portrayed in his novel The Rings of Saturn (1995), provide sensory stimuli for his meditations on themes such as the passing of time and identity. Sebald’s notion of walking is traced Claude Lévi-Strauss’ idea of bricolage as a form of ‘patchwork’ knowledge formation, but the hybridity of Sebald’s resulting ‘fieldnotes’ suggest a closer affiliation with Walter Benjamin’s notion of constellation.
  • Pyyry, Noora; Leino, Ilari (VfmK Verlag für moderne Kunst GmbH, 2022)
  • Puhkala, Jatta; Kukkonen-Harjula, Katriina; Mansikkamaki, Kirsi; Aittasalo, Minna; Hublin, Christer; Kärmeniemi, Paula; Olkkonen, Seppo; Partinen, Markku; Sallinen, Mikael; Tokola, Kari; Fogelholm, Mikael (2015)
    Objectives We conducted a randomized trial among overweight long-distance drivers to study the effects of structured lifestyle counseling on body weight and cardiometabolic risk factors. Methods Men with waist circumference > 100 cm were randomized into a lifestyle counseling (LIFE, N=55) and a reference (REF, N=58) group. The LIFE group participated in monthly counseling on nutrition, physical activity, and sleep for 12 months aiming at 10% weight loss. After 12 months, the REF group participated in 3-month counseling. Assessments took place at 0, 12, and 24 months. Between-group differences in changes were analyzed by generalized linear modeling. Metabolic risk (Z score) was calculated from components of metabolic syndrome. Results The mean body weight change after 12 months was -3.4 kg in LIFE (N=47) and 0.7 kg in REF (N=48) [net difference -4.0 kg, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) -1.9- -6.2]. Six men in LIFE reduced body weight by >= 10%. Changes in waist circumference were -4.7 cm in LIFE and -0.1 cm in REF (net -4.7 cm, 95% CI -6.6- -2.7). Metabolic risk decreased more in the LIFE than REF group (net -1.2 points, 95% CI -0.6- -2.0). After 24 months follow-up, there were no between-group differences in changes in body weight (net -0.5 kg, 95% CI -3.8-2.9) or metabolic risk score (net 0.1 points; 95% CI -0.8-1.0) compared to baseline. Conclusions Weight reduction and decreases in cardiometabolic risk factors were clinically meaningful after 12 months of counseling.
  • Billot, Maxime; Calvani, Riccardo; Urtamo, Annele; Sanchez-Sanchez, Juan Luis; Ciccolari-Micaldi, Cecilia; Chang, Milan; Roller-Wirnsberger, Regina; Wirnsberger, Gerhard; Sinclair, Alan; Vaquero-Pinto, Nieves; Jyväkorpi, Satu; Öhman, Hanna; Strandberg, Timo; Schols, Jos M. G. A.; Schols, Annemie M. W. J.; Smeets, Nick; Topinkova, Eva; Michalkova, Helena; Bonfigli, Anna Rita; Lattanzio, Fabrizia; Rodriguez-Manas, Leocadio; Coelho-Junior, Helio; Broccatelli, Marianna; D'Elia, Maria Elena; Biscotti, Damiano; Marzetti, Emanuele; Freiberger, Ellen (2020)
    One of the most widely conserved hallmarks of aging is a decline in functional capabilities. Mobility loss is particularly burdensome due to its association with negative health outcomes, loss of independence and disability, and the heavy impact on quality of life. Recently, a new condition, physical frailty and sarcopenia, has been proposed to define a critical stage in the disabling cascade. Physical frailty and sarcopenia are characterized by weakness, slowness, and reduced muscle mass, yet with preserved ability to move independently. One of the strategies that have shown some benefits in combatting mobility loss and its consequences for older adults is physical activity. Here, we describe the opportunities and challenges for the development of physical activity interventions in people with physical frailty and sarcopenia. The aim of this article is to review age-related physio(patho)logical changes that impact mobility in old age and to provide recommendations and procedures in accordance with the available literature.
  • Hippi, Marjo (Ilmatieteen laitos - Finnish Meteorological Institute, 2022)
    Finnish Meteorological Institute Contributions 183
    Wintertime slip injuries are a very common problem in Finland as well as in other countries where winter conditions are frequent. According to surveys, on average every third person in Finland slips each winter and more than 50,000 persons are injured needing medical attention. Slipping causes human suffering as well as significant financial costs due to medical expenses and sick leaves. On some of the most slippery days, the number of slipping injuries can be so high that the hospital emergency departments are crowded with patients requiring surgery. The severity of slipping injuries typically increases with age. In addition, the number of slips and slip related injuries are more common among women than men. Finland has set a goal to increase the share of sustainable transport modes, such as walking and cycling, in the future. The aim is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from transport and improve public health. Walking and cycling are to be the primary means of transport, especially for short distances in dense urban areas. In addition, the aim is to improve traffic safety and to develop walking and cycling infrastructure. This dissertation presents in which weather situations slips occur more than usual. In addition, the work presents a meteorological tool to help predicting weather conditions that cause pedestrian sidewalk slipperiness. Weather has a significant role in pedestrian’s wintertime slips and resulting injuries. In this dissertation, it has been investigated what are the weather situations that increase the risk of slipping and what is the spatio-temporal distribution of slips. Special attention has been given to situations with clearly more slips than usual, i.e. so called peak days of slipping injuries. The results show that snow and ice significantly increase the risk of slipping, and that most of the wintertime slips occur when the temperature is near zero degrees or slightly below it. This dissertation presents a numerical model predicting slipperiness from the pedestrian’s point of view. The model is developed at the Finnish Meteorological Institute. The thesis presents the physical principles of the model and how the slipperiness classification is implemented. The model is a tool for meteorologists to supports the decision making when issuing warnings about slippery sidewalk conditions. In addition, the model benefits winter road maintenance personnel and also public with better sidewalk condition and issued warnings. Climate change will have a major impact on future winters, especially in the northern latitudes. The winter season is shortened and near zero temperatures are becoming more frequent also during mid-winter, meaning more slippery conditions during that period. It is expected that the slip period will become shorter but at the same time more intense.