Browsing by Subject "youngsters"

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  • Kauppinen, Eila (Helsingfors universitet, 2009)
    Aims: The older the youngsters are, the more important role hobbies and leisure time activities have in their life. That is why various activities organized by the non-profit organizations have an important role concerning the development of food habits of youngsters. This study has three main themes. The themes and their respective study questions are: 1. The youngsters' conceptions on healthy eating and food choice: What kind of food do youngsters consider as healthy? How do they see their own eating habits from this point of view? 2. The youngsters and the significance of everyday food-related information: How do the youngsters perceive the role of different actors and these actors' role regarding their own food habits and food choice? 3. The possibilities of the organizations that work with youngsters to improve their food habits: What kind of role do the non-profit organizations have on the youngsters' food habits and healthy food choice? Methods: This study comprises of two types of data. First, a quantitative internet-based survey (N=582) was used to collect data on the 9th graders conceptions and understandings. The data was analyzed with the SPSS-program. Means, cross-tabulations, Pearson's correlations and t-test were calculated from the data. The qualitative data was collected using interviews. The respondents were 12 experts from non-profit organizations. The interviews were analyzed with the qualitative content analysis. Results and conclusions: The non-profit organizations studied have good possibilities to communicate with youngsters through their hobbies. As part of their activities these organizations are able to influence on health-promoting lifestyle and food habits of youngsters. In order to reach more youngsters, these organizations should actively act e.g. in virtual societies of youngsters. Youngsters will participate when activities are voluntary and exhilarating. From the point of food habits doing, learning and identifying are the most important factors to engage the young. Also the models of peers and adults are important. Non-profit organizations should offer youngsters activities but these organizations should also influence on society.
  • Ristimäki, Elina (Helsingfors universitet, 2011)
    Aims: The recent conversations about disappearing family meals, mental problems of the youngsters and family meals' protective effect on youngsters problems have been the base of this study. The main aim of this study is to find out, what kind of position family meals do have in the youngsters' lives. Study questions are: 1. What kind of conceptions youngsters have of family meals? 2. What kind of hands-on experience youngsters have about family meals? 3. How youngsters feel family meals on a emotional level? a. Are meals positive moments with the family or do they just limit timetables? b. Do the youngsters need family meals if they do not have those in their families? Why? Why not? Methods: The data was collected using stimulated recall -interviews and basic themed interviews. The data was collected from thirteen 8th graders from Pirkanmaa and Kanta-Häme. The interviews were analyzed with the qualitative content analysis. Results and conclusions: The youngsters' concepts of the meals and the family meals were quite traditional, assuming that those are warm, varied and eaten with company. The situation of the family meals was good and those were eaten nearly every day in the most of the families. The youngsters thought that the family meals were important social moments with the family and they were able to talk about important things with the family during the meals. They also felt that the daily eating rhythm was good and they did not felt that the meals would have been somehow restrictive. Even so that the pupils felt the family meals were important, the pupil whose family did not eat family meals did not long those meals. He felt that he was able to share his thoughts and experiences also in other ways. It is important that youngsters have this channel of communication.
  • Sneck, Antti (Helsingin yliopisto, 2019)
    Objectives. Attachment theory is a theory of social development and personality, known around the world. According to the theory, children have an innate tendency to develop a biologically based and central nervous system-regulated attachment bond to their primary caregivers in order to ensure safety, care, and survival. Early attachment experiences contribute to the way one sees oneself and others and lead to secure, insecure, or disorganized attachment styles, which affect rest of one’s life. Previous research has confirmed the universal nature of attachment, different attachment categories and styles, and early attachment’s links with future relationships and various internal and external problems. Attachment research has traditionally concentrated on early childhood and early childhood environments, whereas middle childhood, adolescence, and school context have been studied less. The objectives of the present study were to find out what kinds of links there are between attachment and the lives of school-aged children and youngsters, what kinds of attachment-related challenges teachers encounter at school, and how teachers could support their students with those attachment-related challenges. The aim is to explore attachment in the lives of school-aged children and youngsters, including at school, to gain a better understanding and to create a valuable foundation for future research. Methodology. The present study was conducted as a systematic literature review, which allowed the gathering of diverse and comprehensive, yet relevant research material, while also supporting objectivity and reproducibility aspects of the study. The material, available through electronic databases, was comprised of research articles from around the world, published in peer-reviewed international research journals. The material was analyzed thematically by research questions and topics, which were then used as a framework in the Results section. Results and conclusions. Early attachment and attachment styles were directly and indirectly linked to the lives of school-aged children and youngsters, including teacher-student relationships, peer relationships, family relationships, and academic achievement, as well as internal and external problems. Various attachment-related challenges and problems were visible at school, but teachers had many ways to buffer them. Current attachment research has not affected or changed school environments enough. Much more attention should be given to attachment within schools, teacher education, and in-service training programs in order to give students better support for their attachment-related problems and challenges.
  • Kainulainen, Kristiina (Helsingfors universitet, 2009)
    Aims. The main meals that youngsters have during the day are eaten at home and at school. In the Nordic countries breakfast and supper are often eaten with other members of the family. The way that Nordic countries arrange the school lunch and the frequency of family meals differ between countries. However, the challenges related to eating habits of the young are surprisingly similar. The aim of this study is to discuss how the Nordic countries could support youngsters' healthy eating habits. This study was carried out as a part of a Nordic research project and it completed the work done by Kauppinen (2009) and Niemi (2009) in their Master's Theses. The research questions are: 1. How do the youngsters evaluate their own eating habits and those of their family? 2. How do the youngsters evaluate the influence of home, family and school on their own eating habits? 3. What kind of relationship exists between eating at home and at school according to the data? Data and methods. A quantitative internet-based survey was used to collect data (N=1539) on the 9th graders conceptions and understandings. The survey consisted of respondents from Finland (N=586), Sweden (N=427), Denmark (N=295) and Norway (N=246). In this study the whole data to the appropriate extent was analyzed. The analysis was done with the SPSS-software and included examination of means, standard deviations, cross-tabulations, Pearson's correlations, Chi-squared -tests, t-tests and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). The results were compaired between the countries and between sexes. Results and discussion. The studied youngsters evaluated their own eating habits positively. There were statistically significant differences (p< .05) between countries concerning the people who influence the youngsters' healthy eating habits. Youngsters from Finland and Sweden considered making healthy choices at school easier than those from Denmark and Norway. Also eating a so called healthy lunch at school was more common in Finland and in Sweden. Eating breakfast and eating a healthy meal at school had a statistically significant interconnection (p< .001). The differences between sexes were not equal between the countries. The results supported those from previous studies, but also raised ideas for further study. Youngsters' near environments should support their possibilities to make healthy choices and to participate to the decision making process. Co-operation between the Nordic countries and between the home and the school is important. Listening to the youngsters' own voice is a challenge and a possibility for developing both home economics education and research in this area.
  • Jussila, Jonna (2000)
    The licentiate thesis studies young people's opinions on religion and God in the world, which is said to underline the meaning of relativism. The corpus is collected from the Helsingin Sanomat 'youngsters' opinion' column from 1970s, 1980s and 1990s. Writings concerning religion are studied in the light of contemporary sociology and the sociology of religion. What has happened to religion in the process of modernization? Can theories of modernization interpret young people successfully? The corpus is mainly based on tough argumentation between religious and non-religious writers. Additionally, the writings of the 'open minded', and youngsters who 'have their own religion' have contributed important features to the corpus. The research questions focus on the substance of the argumentation: what are the arguments which youngsters use to support and refute religion like? I am also interested in the nature of privatised religion: does it exist in the writings and how can it be described from the point of view of selected sociologists? The approach to the study can be called 'society-analytical'. Anthony Giddens, Zygmunt Bauman, Gianni Vattimo, Thomas Luckmann and Harvie Ferguson are examples of theorists who function as 'research lences' in the study. Writings have been classified and components arising out of them are discovered and understood through the spectrum of the chosen theories. Writings are considered as youngsters' cultural speak about religion. On the other hand, colourful and powerful stories are expected to tell something new about the subject 'modern world and religion'. Wide modernization theory meets the most intimate views of youngsters concerning the changes in the world around us. The study shows how conflicting are the signals that contemporary culture can offer in matters religious. 'Movement' stems from many directions. Young writers opposing religion accuse religious writers of irrationality, lack of autonomy and intolerance. They think that in the contemporary context, autonomy can lead to a world of justice and tolerance. Religion has become incapable of sustaining the ends of good values. Religion is also experienced as something opposed to youth culture. It means abandoning the teenagers' way of life. The metaphors connected with religious people reflect this: weakness, oldness, and immaturity are seen to describe them well. On the other hand, seen through the eyes of other youngsters, the contemporary relative culture is experienced as anxious and meaningless. Many young writers have found the solution in traditional religion. Their writings work as descriptions of returning to the 'metaphysical ground'. When the world of choice appeared to be unbearable, the 'digging' of old religion has started. Christianity still has the function of bringing a sense of meaning to existence. Religion also plays a new role in the life of the young. Instead of dogmatism, the idea of rebuilt private religion lies in its ability to bring a sense of dimension, richness and exoticness to young people's life.