Journal Articles and Conference Papers

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  • Aspara, Jaakko; Klein, Jan F.; Luo, Xueming; Tikkanen, Henrikki (2017-11-09)
  • Rantanen, Jonatan; Grant, David B.; Piotrowicz, Wojciech (2017)
    This paper explores how a cooperative approach to supply chain management enhances supply chain performance under fluctuating demand and uncertainty in the grocery retail sector. The exploratory and qualitative empirical study com-prises a two-echelon case study of a Finnish grocery retail supply chain focussing on a grocery wholesaler and its tier 1, small retail customers. Interviews were conducted with key respondents at both echelon levels and it was found that cooperation can be a useful and successful technique to reduce costs and improve supply chain performance in a volatile and uncertain demand context. A list of enablers and barriers for supply chain cooperation were developed to guide practitioners and there is a brief discussion of this study ’s implications for Poland.
  • Prólogo 
    Laakso, Mikael (Edicions de la Universitat de Barcelona, 2017)
  • Heinonen, Kristina (2017)
    The current service landscape is increasingly dynamic, and consumers’ engagement in market-related behavior is constantly changing. Developments in technology further influence this continuous dynamism. Therefore, it is important to understand the factors that may cause different engagement valence, especially as only some consumers actively engage in online platforms. This paper characterizes factors that positively and negatively influence consumer engagement and suggests theoretical and managerial implications for the different factors that determine consumer engagement. This paper conceptualizes factors that influence consumer engagement based on their characteristics (behavioral, emotional, and cognitive) and the type of influence (positive or negative). The study uses customer-dominant logic of service, which focuses on emancipated customers and idiosyncratic customer logic, rather than on provider-orchestrated customer experiences of brands, firms, or offerings. An abductive research approach is used to qualitatively explore consumer engagement in the context of online interest communities. The study identifies the behavioral, emotional, and cognitive factors that positively and negatively determine consumer engagement in the context of online interest communities. Through the focus on customer logic, the study provides a detailed and nuanced view of factors that influence consumer engagement. Future research is needed to explore how this framework can be applied to other online communities and different service contexts. The paper provides insights into the presence of an interest area in consumers’ lives. The study indicates how firms may be involved in consumers’ lives and how firms may create successful customer relationships based on consumer engagement. This study enhances previous research in four ways: 1) by characterizing factors that determine engagement, paying particular attention to its negatively valenced factors and examining the interplay of the factors that positively and negatively influence engagement, 2) by describing consumers’ connection to the interest area instead of positioning the brand as the link between the consumers and the provider, and 3) by discussing the theoretical and practical challenges associated with understanding and managing consumer engagement.
  • Virtanen, Henrik; Hagberg-Andersson, Åsa (2017)
    Studies of Finnish export partner groups have revealed that a fundamental problem exists concerning the limping cooperation between the small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the groups. Cooperation is strongly connected to the organization and coordination of the groups. Different organizational forms imply that the export manager’s role likewise differs. This paper examines the organization of export partner groups and the role of the export manager in relation to the organizational form and how this can enhance cooperation between the participating SMEs. Individuals who have worked as export managers were interviewed. In export partner groups, organization depends primarily on the companies’ technology, the compatibility between their products and services, and the goals of the groups. Different organizational forms have different benefits, and the export manager’s role concerning sales preparation and coordination, as well as management of other net activities, varies accordingly to the organizational form.
  • Hearn, Jeff (Linnaeus University Press, 2017-03-07)
  • Pitkänen, Olli Pekka; Ruuska, Petra (IPR University Center, 2017)
  • Pitkänen, Olli Pekka (Kunnallisalan kehittämissäätiö, 2017)
  • Smissaert, Chris; Jalonen, Kari (2017-10-25)
    Drawing on the notion of answerability introduced by Mikhail Bakhtin, this article inquires into our moral responsibility as academic writers to others for what and how we write. According to Bakhtin, it is a difficult task to be answerable from one’s unique place in being and it is tempting to seek some sort of alibi, be it a theoretical principle, an aesthetic ideal, or a larger whole, and to play the roles therein. To break away from these domains, in search of some sort of ethical authorship, we engage in a Menippean dialogue. Exploring responsibility in such a satirical dialogue creates an awareness of the roles we easily hide behind, draws attention to what these roles might do to our writing, and enables us to try out other roles as we allow ourselves to not be so deadly serious in our writing.
  • Andres, Pablo de; Arranz-Aperte, Laura; Rodriguez-Sanz, Juan Antonio (2017)
    Our study reveals how two separate dimensions of board composition-the proportion of independent directors and of non-independent directors-influence CEO compensation in Western European firms. Controlling for the simultaneous determination of CEO pay structure and board design, we find that firms with a higher proportion of non-independent outsiders on their boards pay less direct compensation (salary + bonus) and less equity-linked compensation to their CEOs. By contrast, CEOs working for firms with more independent boards receive more equity based-pay. When we control for the fact that equity linked is not granted systematically in Europe we find that firms with more independent directors on the board tend to grant equity linked compensation more often than firms with more non independent outside directors. Our results challenge the commonly accepted view of independent directors as safeguards of shareholder value, uncovering the relevance of non-independent outsiders for pay moderation and incentives.
  • Fellman, Johan (2017-12-20)
    In the 19th century, a series of international statistical congresses began that were important for population studies, including twin research. The introduction of common rules for the national demographic registers enabled scientists to contribute to the genesis of statistical research. The congress in St. Petersburg in 1872, in particular, focused on the movements of the population, and how they should be registered. Among the facts to be recorded were in multiple births the sex and number of children born alive or still-born, whether legitimate or illegitimate, and the age of the mother at the date of the births. During the history of twin research Hellin´s law (1895) has played a central role because it is an approximately correct association between the rates of multiple maternities. It has been mathematically proven that Hellin´s law does not hold as a general rule. Analyses show divergences from the law that are difficult to explain and/or eliminate. Varying improvements of this law have been proposed. The majority of all studies of Hellin´s law are based on empirical rates of multiple maternities, ignoring random errors. Such studies can never confirm the law, but only identify errors with respect to Hellin´s law that are too large to be characterised as random. It is of particular interest to note and explain why the rates of higher multiple maternities are sometimes too high or too low when Hellin´s law is used as a benchmark. Studies have shown that there have been investigators before Hellin who have contributed substantially to Hellin´s law. In this paper, we re-examine some old data sets and contributions in which Hellin´s law has been evaluated and also analyse recent data.
  • Colak, Gonul; Durnev, Artem; Qian, Yiming (2017-12-04)
    We analyze IPO activity under political uncertainty surrounding gubernatorial elections in the U.S. There are fewer IPOs originating from a state when it is scheduled to have an election. To establish identification, we develop a neighboring-states method that uses bordering states without elections as a control group. The dampening effect of elections on IPO activity is stronger for firms with more concentrated businesses in their home states, firms that are more dependent on government contracts (particularly state contracts), and harder-to-value firms. This dampening effect is related to lower IPO offer prices (hence higher costs of capital) during election years.
  • For Joan 
    Hearn, Jeff (2017-11-28)
  • Egeberg Holmgren, Linn; Hearn, Jeff (2017)
  • Jones, Michelle; Hearn, Jeff (2017-02)
  • Kowalkowski, Christian; Gebauer, Heiko; Kamp, Bart; Parry, Glenn (2017-01-05)
    The topic of servitization has generated a considerable body of research and many conferences, as well as industry engagement. Yet, despite the extensive literature associated with this now-mature discipline, there is no broad-based consensus on the core concepts and definitions deployed by servitization scholars, and both terminology and usage often seem ambiguous. This paper examines challenges related to service growth strategies, as well as strategies involving deservitization or a retreat from service offers. Showing that these strategies have been pursued for more than fifty years, clarification is sought here by framing the corresponding processes and proposing definitions for four core terms: servitization, service infusion, deservitization and service dilution. It becomes clear that in focusing on the organizational change entailed by these processes, future research must elucidate “softer” issues such as leadership and business logic.
  • Sundvik, Dennis (2017-09-05)
    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine three different responses to the Finnish 2005 tax reform that, among other things, reduced the corporate tax rate and hiked dividend taxation. Focus lies on the factors influencing the decision to change the fiscal year-end and whether earnings management is more prevalent when the decision is not taken. Design/methodology/approach This study uses the financial statement data of Finnish private firms and studies 350 fiscal year-end changing firms and 700 non-changing firms with logistic and linear regression analysis. Discretionary accruals are the proxy for earnings management. Findings The results suggest that firms seize the window of opportunity and extend fiscal years depending on the magnitude of the expected tax savings. Firms that do not change their fiscal year-end engage in more tax-induced earnings management. In terms of economic consequences, the earnings management approach is less economically significant. Research limitations/implications This study only examines a limited number of firms that change their fiscal year-end, hence, care has been exercised in generalising the findings. Practical implications The findings may be considered when structuring future tax reforms, particularly when considering transition rules relating to changes in fiscal year-ends. The study may also have implications beyond tax reforms since the evidence of opportunistic changes in the fiscal year-end can be informative for tax authorities, independent auditors and creditors. Originality/value This study contributes to the relatively scarce literature on private firm responses to tax policy changes by analysing both upward and downward earnings management, as well as changes in the fiscal year-end. This is in contrast to previous research that mainly focusses on listed firms and absolute earnings management or earnings management in one direction.
  • de Boise, Sam; Hearn, Jeff (2017)
    Sociological research, influenced by feminist and other critical perspectives, has noted how men’s emotional inexpressiveness was influenced, and supported, by patriarchal privilege. Such approaches have argued that ‘inexpression’ needs to be broken down in order to build gender equality and improve men’s own wellbeing. Emerging research has, however, challenged the argument that men are ‘emotionally inexpressive’ on two main premises: that, as a result of feminist critiques, many men now practise ‘softer’ or ‘more emotional’ forms of masculinity; second, that emotions always influence social action and so need to be better incorporated into sociological accounts of men’s behaviour. Yet these approaches entail some conceptual confusion as to what emotions are, how they link to social action and whether men’s emotions are inherently transformative for gender relations. This article first details how emotions and masculinity have been theorized in feminist-inspired approaches. It outlines recent work on emotions, men and masculinities before arguing for an understanding of emotions that engages with both physiologically grounded and postconstructionist debates. It finally suggests incorporating a material-discursive approach to men’s emotions, through feminist work on affect, which is attentive to the political dimensions of ‘increasing emotionality’ in order to contribute to a developing field of sociological research.

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