Journal Articles and Conference Papers

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  • Nikolaev, Boris; Shir, Nadav; Wiklund, Johan (2019-01-23)
    Affect is increasingly studied within entrepreneurship. We develop a partial mediation model in which positive and negative dispositional affect influences entry into entrepreneurship, suggesting that those experiencing greater negative affect experience less job satisfaction and are more likely to enter entrepreneurship. Using a novel methodological approach to capture affective disposition, we test our model on a large panel dataset from Australia, finding support for our hypotheses. These findings provide a much-needed counterbalance to the prevailing focus in entrepreneurship on the positive consequences of positive affect and introduce affect into the study of the fundamental question of why some people but not others become entrepreneurs in the first place.
  • Cooper, Ilan; Fraga Martins Maio, Paulo (2019)
    We estimate conditional multifactor models over a large cross-section of stock returns matching 25 CAPM anomalies. Using conditioning information associated with different instruments improves the performance of the Hou, Xue, and Zhang (2015, HXZ) and Fama and French (2015, 2016, FF) models. The largest increase in performance holds for momentum, investment, and intangibles-based anomalies. Yet, there are significant differences in scaled models' performance: HXZ clearly dominates FF in explaining momentum and profitability anomalies, while the converse holds for value-growth anomalies. Thus, the asset pricing implications of alternative investment and profitability factors (in a conditional setting) differ in a non-trivial way.
  • Bruun, Niklas; Norrgård, Marcus (2018-12-20)
  • Annala, Linda; Polsa, Pia; Kovacs, Gyöngyi (2019)
    Purpose The institutional logic in developing countries is changing from aid toward trade, having implications for institutionally embedded supply chains (SCs) and their members. The purpose of this study is to investigate the transition from aid toward trade through a theoretical lens of institutional logics and the implications of changing logics for SC members and designs. Design/methodology/approach This is a large-scale qualitative study of the SCs of maintenance and repair operations (MRO) of water points. Empirical data were collected via 53 semi-structured interviews, observations, including photographs, and field notes from several echelons of MRO SCs in ten different Ethiopian districts. Findings In spite of the same underlying tenet of a unidirectional trajectory toward a business logic, the study shows that the co-existence or constellation of different institutional logics resulted in diverse practices that impacted SC design. Research limitations/implications The research was carried out in the MRO SC at a time of changing institutional logics, thereby being able to study their transition or constellation of logics. Practical implications The research has implications for policymakers and development practitioners: when designing and implementing rural water supply programs, the presence of co-existing logics and the lack of uniform SC designs should not be viewed as a hindrance. In fact, the study showed how constellations of logics can provide ways through which water points continue functioning and providing clean drinking water to the communities. Originality/value Few studies so far have focused on institutional logics and their implications for SC design.
  • Wiklund, Johan; Nikolaev, Boris; Shir, Nadav; Foo, Maw-Der; Bradley, Steve (2019-01-22)
    Entrepreneurship research typically emphasizes firm-level outcomes such as growth and performance. However, people pursue entrepreneurship for deeply personal, idiosyncratic reasons. Therefore, as in other self-organized human pursuits, how entrepreneurship relates to fulfillment and well-being is of utmost importance. In this paper, we provide an overview of the well-being concept, related research, and its connection to entrepreneurship. We define entrepreneurial well-being as the experience of satisfaction, positive affect, infrequent negative affect, and psychological functioning in relation to developing, starting, growing, and running an entrepreneurial venture. We explain this definition of entrepreneurial well-being and review significant developments in our field and the broader field of well-being. Highlights of social, technological and institutional trends illustrate key areas for future research that can enhance our understanding of these phenomena. The eight papers in this special issue focus on entrepreneurial well-being each offering a specific perspective on how scholars can theorize and study the antecedents and consequences of entrepreneurship related to well-being.
  • Hyytinen, Ari; Steen, Frode; Toivanen, Otto (2018)
    How many cartels are there, and how long do they live? The answers to these questions are important in assessing the need for competition policy. We present a Hidden Markov Model that takes into account that often it is not known whether a cartel exists or not. We take the model to data from a period of legal cartels - Finnish manufacturing industries 1951-1990. Our estimates suggest that once born, cartels are persistent; by the end of the period, almost all industries were cartelized.
  • Pitkänen, Olli (Helsinki Institute for Information Technology HIIT, 2002)
  • Nyman, Linus; Laakso, Mikael (2018-07-11)
    IMSI-catchers, sometimes called cell-site simulators or Stingrays, can eavesdrop on cell phone communications. IMSI-catchers do this by pretending to be a cell tower, thereby tricking nearby cell phones into connecting to them. The SeaGlass IMSI-catcher detector (which we from now on will call “SeaGlass sensor” or just “sensor”) gathers data from surrounding cell towers. Thus, the sensor should also pick up nearby IMSI-catchers. Analyzing SeaGlass sensor data for anomalies can enable identifying IMSI-catchers. The SeaGlass sensor is built using off-the-shelf parts. It is based on a Raspberry Pi and requires no soldering. This guide covers the steps to assemble a SeaGlass sensor, including both hardware and software requirements. The guide also covers the installation of software, on a separate computer, that can be used to analyze data gathered by the SeaGlass sensor.
  • Pitkänen, Olli Pekka; Heikkilä-Kauppinen, Marja (2018-02-21)
  • Laakso, Mikael; Jytilä, Riitta; Nykyri, Susanna; Koikkalainen, Riitta (2018-10-29)
  • Jytilä, Riitta; Koikkalainen, Riitta; Laakso, Mikael; Nykyri, Susanna (2018-04-20)
    Avoimen tieteen politiikka suuntaa väistämättä myös vertaisarviointia koskevia käytäntöjä. Tutkimusprosessien avaaminen liittyy keskeisesti avoimeen vertaisarviointiin, jonka mahdollisuuksista ei kuitenkaan vielä ole olemassa juurikaan tietoa saati ohjeistusta. Selvitystyön tavoitteena on saada tietoa avointa vertaisarviointia koskevista asenteista ja suunnitelmista suomalaisen tiedejulkaisemisen kentällä sekä lisätä kentän ymmärrystä aiheesta. Tavoitteena on myös laatia lehdille konkreettisia malleja erilaisista vertaisarvioinnin tavoista. Selvityksen kohderyhmiä ovat lehtien ja kirjankustantajien toimituskunnat, lehteen tai teokseen kirjoittaneet sekä vertaisarvioijat.
  • Hearn, Jeff (2018-05-01)
  • Hanken, Information Systems Science, Helsinki; Laakso, Mikael; (2018-12-31)
  • Kostanek, Edyta; Khoreva, Violetta (Springer, 2018)
    Talent recruitment and retention research has traditionally looked at such characteristics as age, gender, ethnicity, tenure, and more. There is however an increasing demand to add multigenerational diversity to this list. The current multi-generational workforce of Silent Generation, Baby Boomers, Generation X, and the Millennials generates a need for organizations to manage a highly diverse set of employees whose work habits and expectations vary widely. A generic approach to attracting and managing this multi-generational type of workforce is unlikely to work, mostly due to markedly distinct needs and wants by each generation. To keep up with multi-generational workforce, organizations need to respond to these varying needs and develop innovative ways to attract, manage, and retain talents. This chapter will give insight into the most effective talent management and retention practices per each generation and contextualize them in relation to stability of work environments.
  • Ekwall, Daniel; Lantz, Björn (Turku School of Economics, 2018)
    Abstract This report examines patterns of reported cargo thefts at maritime transport facilities in Europe, the Middle East, and Africa (EMEA) with respect to frequency, incident category, modus operandi, and targeted product category. The analysis is based on data obtained from the Incident Information Service (IIS), a database of transport-related crimes from the Transported Asset Protection Association (TAPA) in the EMEA region. The results are analysed and discussed within a frame of reference based on supply chain risk management and criminology theories. We find that maritime transport facilities constitute a rare target location for cargo thieves, as only 102 of more than 24,500 incidents (0.4%) in the IIS database occur there. Nevertheless, some conclusions can be made. First, there seems to be seasonality in day of the week, but probably not in month of the year. Second, violent and fraudulent modi operandi of theft at maritime transport facilities are about as common as in the whole data set. Thus, it could be conjectured that the impact from violent and fraudulent incidents is several times higher than the most common types of incident category or modus operandi, although this is unsupported in this study. The product categories signal that there is big variation in value in stolen goods. Third, it is possible that potential perpetrators consider security levels at maritime transport facilities to be higher, leading to fewer theft attempts. This study is limited by the content of and classifications within the TAPA EMEA IIS database.
  • Torstensson, Håkan; Ekwall, Daniel (Turku School of Economics, 2018)
    This report provides an overview of international rules and regulations related to ports, specifically security and safety in port facilities. There are four essential documents regarding safety and security in ports, two by the International Maritime Organization, IMO, and two by the European Union, EU. However, as a port is the interface between land transport and maritime transport it therefore must implement and be aware of rule-making for both sectors, in addition to port-specific acts and regulations. For the maritime side, the conventions and codes by the IMO are essential, while for the land transport side, several recommendations and agreements are implemented by the European Commission as, primarily, regulations and directives. Occupational safety and health for the maritime part are comprehensively treated in the Maritime Labour Convention by ILO. These documents and additional legislation are also implemented by EU regulations and directives. The essential EU documents are categorized and listed under five main headings, port security, occupational safety and health, maritime safety, other modes of transport and cybersecurity. Due to the complexity of the legislative field, the report can only be used as an introduction and guidance to essential regulatory measures for ports. For full compliance, the specific convention, code, regulation, directive, etc. must be read in full and applicable amendments, local bylaws, instructions, etc. taken into account.
  • Hassan, Lobna; Harviainen, J. Tuomas; Hamari, Juho (2018)
    The design of an engaging educational experience is a challenging endeavor. Various attempts have been made to gamify education as means to improve learner engagement and learning outcomes, yet the search for more engaging and effective educational designs continues. This pursuit can borrow inspiration from the fruits of popular media; namely from, e.g. the global, sensational school of magic education: Hogwarts, as described in the Harry Potter novel series by J. K. Rowling. In this paper we investigate the research question: What can we determine about gamified education at Hogwarts and what implications can gamifying education have? We employed a textual analysis method and coded evidence of gamified education in the first novel in the popular media series: Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone. We identified overlaps between the design of Hogwarts and the gamification design practices that attempt to cultivate learner engagement through the self-determination theory, competition, collaboration, clear rules, roles, badges and aesthetics. This work hence enriches the discussion of the possible positive and negative consequences of gamification in education. Moreover, this treatise functions as a cultural commentary on the interaction between artefacts of popular media and what we perceive as virtuous in the different walks of life.
  • Hassan, Lobna; Morschheuser, Benedikt; Alexan, Nader; Hamari, Juho (2018)
    A plethora of services, applications and scholarly research has emerged related to gamification. Regardless of the optimistic onset of this hype around the technology trend, designing gamification has proved to be a challenging endeavor; requiring multidisciplinary work that is often hindered by multiple theoretical and practical challenges. Problem-driven, theory-advancing approaches to gamification research could assist in the addressment of gamification design challenges and accelerate the growth of the gamification field however not all such approaches have been equally utilized or understood. This paper presents the case of MANGO: a project to design a gamified e-participation tool through Action Design Research (ADR). The paper reflects on the challenges of gamification design and development and possible strategies to address them. It additionally reflects on the ADR process; an under-utilized and hence possibly a superficially understood approach to gamification research. The paper is hence a guide for researchers and practitioners as to possible challenges they can face with gamification research and design and how to counteract them.
  • Hassan, Sandy; Creazza, Alessandro; Shaw, Sarah; Grant, David B. (CILT UK - The Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport in the UK, 2018-09-07)

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