Language and Communication

 

Recent Submissions

  • Eloranta, Rita; Granvik, Anton (2019)
    This paper comprises a first linguistic description of a series of Andean texts from the 16th century. These texts were edited by Pärssinen & Kiviharju (2004, 2010) and published in two volumes entitled Textos Andinos. According to the editors, the texts are transcriptions into Spanish of a series of inca and colonial time quipus. This textual material constitutes an early example of Andean Spanish, which has not been subject to previous linguistic study. Our linguistic analysis of the two volumes of Textos Andinos shows that the texts are best thought of as a textual continuum rather than a specific text type. Our analysis permits the identification of at least five textual levels: in one end are the texts which seem very close to their supposed quipu origin; in the other end of the continuum we find texts which show a textual structure which adhere closely to the administrative Spanish language of the 16th century.
  • Murtonen, Mari; Laato, Samuli; Lipponen, Emilia; Salmento, Heidi; Vilppu, Henna; Maikkola, Merja; Vaskuri, Paula; Mäkinen, Martti; Naukkarinen, Johanna; Virkki-Hatakka, Terhi; Pajarre, Eila; Selänne, Sara; Skaniakos, Terhi (2019-12-31)
    This article analyses the design, implementation, and evaluation of a nation-wide project to create a common digital solution for university teaching staff’s pedagogical training in Finland. During three years, eight universities collaborated in developing an online learning platform called UNIPS, the University Pedagogical Support system. The areas to develop were A) a learning platform based on technical design principles, B) pedagogical principles, and C) broadening the scope of offered studies. The results have been promising. With a carefully planned timetable, all participating universities were able to produce, test, and offer UNIPS modules in collaboration with other universities on the area of their expertise. This paper presents the design process and looks at both developers' experiences on how they perceived the process and the UNIPS platform as its result, and students’ experiences about studying in the UNIPS platform.
  • Lassus, Jannika; Tanner, Johanna (Uppsala universitet, 2019-05)
  • Rojas Berscia, Luis Miguel; Eloranta, Rita (2019-07-10)
    In this article we claim that stone classifier-based numeral systems in a number of unrelated North-western South American language families/languages such as Kawapanan, Cholón-Hibito, Munichi, and, tentatively, Quingnam emerged due to calquing or loan translation (Weinreich 1963; Epps 2006, 2013). In addition, although the donor language remains unknown, we argue for this to be a case of a poorly attested grammaticalization path of numeral classifiers and numerals, namely stone>classifier, as presented in Conklin (1981), for languages such as Gorontalo, Kam-Muang, White Tai and Western Austronesian languages (Conklin 1981: 233, 234; mentioned in Aikhenvald 2000: 446). Moreover, ethnohistorical and historical evidence (Reeve 1994: 125) suggests that pre-Hispanic societies in the Marañón-Huallaga area shared a salt-stone-based trading system, henceforth SBT. This is remarkable, since other adjacent language families, such as Quechua and Chicham, do not show such a pattern for the formation of their own numerals. We claim, tentatively, that these common trade networks may be the sociohistorical motivation for the diffusion of this calquing pattern in the area.
  • Breckle, Margit Angelika (2019)
    Der vorliegende Beitrag beschäftigt sich mit Sprachbewusstheit von Mitarbeiter/inne/n finnischer Unternehmen als L2-Nutzer/innen, wobei die Reflexion der plurilingualen Aktivitäten Sprachenwechsel, Codeswitching, Sprachmittlung und Transfer im Mittel-punkt der Betrachtung steht. Die Datengrundlage umfasst neun semi-strukturierte Inter-views, die im Rahmen des Projekts Unternehmenskommunikation zwischen Pohjanmaa und den deutschsprachigen Ländern durchgeführt wurden. Den theoretischen Rahmen bilden Sprachbewusstheit, plurilinguale Kompetenz und das Dynamische Modell der Mehrsprachigkeit (DMM) zur Beschreibung mehrsprachiger Sprachbeherrschung. Ziel des Beitrags ist es, auf Basis der Reflexionen der L2-Nutzer/innen plurilinguale Aspekte der Sprachverwendung offenzulegen und Sprachbewusstheit im beruflichen Kontext anhand ausgewählter Beispiele zu diskutieren. Die Untersuchung zeigt, dass plurilinguale Aktivitäten durch die interviewten Mitarbeiter/innen reflektiert werden, auch wenn sie ihre Erkenntnisse in unterschiedlichem Maße beschreiben (können). Einige der Reflexionen könnten sich als Hinweis auf ein erhöhtes multilinguales Bewusstsein und einen erweiterten mehrsprachigen Monitor im Sinne des Dynamischen Modells der Mehrsprachigkeit (DMM) deuten lassen.
  • Höglund, Maj-Britt (University of Vaasa, 2016-05-10)
    A woman’s magazine is a forum where descriptions of the ideal modern woman meet with the experiences of real-life women readers. In the forum that is Cos-mopolitan, the genres of editorials and feature stories enter a dialogue with each other. The editorials promote the dominant discourse of fun, fearless females, inviting the reader to join the party. The feature stories, then, start from the op-posite end of the spectrum: lives out of control. These discourses are made up of narratives of possible problems, even disasters. In both text genres the reader is addressed as a reader and a friend in the manner of advertising. In the case of Cosmopolitan, the reader/friend is epitomized as the Cosmo girl. She is a construction derived from market research; the consumer targeted by both the publisher and the advertisers. The purpose of the study is to investigate how the magazine deals with dis-courses which challenge the discourse of the ideal performance of the Cosmo girl femininity. The material consists of the 12 editorials of Cosmopolitan UK 2004 and 48 feature stories in Cosmopolitan UK 2004 and 2006. This study is set within Critical Discourse Analysis and regards discourse as a creation of identi-ties. The method is repertoire analysis, where the repertoires are seen as descrip-tions of the performance characterizing these identities. The repertoires are formed by recurring themes referring to the behaviour of the Cosmo girl. The results suggest that the magazine chooses to allow certain competing dis-courses describing trouble in the life of the Cosmo girl. By doing so, it is able to produce new discourses of its own which neutralize the competing discourses.