Supply Chain Management and Corporate Geography

 

Recent Submissions

  • Mohd Jamal, Noriza; Tayles, Mike; Grant, David B. (2020-02-12)
    This paper investigates relationships between supply chain management and management accounting practices and their individual or combined effects on both supply chain and overall organisational performance. Using a contingency theory approach a conceptual model was empirically tested with managers in Malaysian publicly listed organisations and the resultant structural equation analysis found a positive and direct relationship between both sets of practices. The findings also found a positive and direct relationship between these two sets of practices and supply chain performance, but only found an indirect relationship related to overall organisational performance that was mediated through supply chain performance. The findings provide practice with a strategically important overview of these relationships to support the creation of a successful supply chain environment that will lead to improved supply chain and overall performance.
  • Larson, Paul D. (2019-12-19)
    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop and test theory-driven hypotheses on the influence of corruption and gender inequality on logistics performance. Design/methodology/approach – This paper develops hypotheses based on a review of the literature and theory linking corruption, gender inequality and logistics performance. Testing the hypotheses draws on the following secondary data sources: the World Bank Logistics Performance Index, Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index and the United Nations Development Programme Gender Inequality Index. Regression analysis is used to test the hypotheses. Findings – A significant direct effect is evident between corruption perceptions and perceived logistics performance. Corruption is detrimental to logistics. Further, there is evidence of an indirect effect, via gender inequality. Gender inequality is also linked directly to lower logistics performance. Gross domestic product/ capita enters the analysis as a control variable. Research limitations/implications – While the analysis uses secondary data, sources are credible and their methods – while not perfect – are logical and appear to be reasonable. It is possible that excluded variables could further explain the relationships under study. This implies future research opportunities, perhaps involving case studies of specific nations. Practical implications – The results should inspire businesses, non-governmental organizations and governments to invest in, aid, advocate for and legislate toward greater gender equality – and against corruption. Logistics educators have an important role in disseminating this message. Social implications – Gender inequality and corruption are current, global social issues. Moving forward toward equality and away from corruption are the right moves. Such moves appear to also yield better logistics. Originality/value – This paper is among the first linking corruption and gender inequality to logistics performance. It shows how social issues impact logistics performance at a national level.
  • Elg, Mattias; Gremyr, Ida; Halldorsson, Arni; Wallo, Andreas (2020-01-08)
    Purpose – Conducting research that is both practice- and theory-relevant is important for the service research community. Action research can be a fruitful approach for service researchers studying the transformative role of service research and wanting to make contributions to both the research community and to practical development. By exploring the current use of action research in service research, this study aims to make suggestions for enhancing the contribution to theory and practice development and to propose criteria for research quality for action research in service research. Design/methodology/approach – This study builds on a systematic literature review of the use of action research approaches in service research. Findings – The study makes three main contributions. First,it posits that any action research project needs to consider the four elements of problem identification, theorization, creating guiding concepts and intervention. Second, based on these elements mirrored in service action research, it outlines and analyzes three approaches to action research (i.e. theory-enhancing, concept developing and practice-enhancing). Third, it suggests a move from instrumental to a more conceptual relevance of the research and elaborates on the criteria for research quality. Originality/value – This study contributes to the understanding of how action research may be applied for conducting high-quality collaborative research in services and proposes measures to enhance research quality in action research projects focusing services.
  • Grange, Ray; Heaslip, Graham; McMullan, Caroline (2019-12-04)
    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to identify how coordination has evolved in humanitarian logistics, what were the triggers for change, and how have they been facilitated. Design: Systematic literature review of academic journals. Findings: This is the first paper to discuss the concepts of network orchestration and choreography in a humanitarian context. The research revealed that network coordination has moved on in the commercial sector to include orchestration and now, choreography concepts which have not been tested in HL literature. This reveals a lag exists between HL research and practice. Research limitations/implications: This paper represents an exploratory study and provides the basis for further research on the concepts of orchestration and choreography in humanitarian logistics. The paper sets a research agenda for academics. Practical implications: This paper is the first to discuss the concepts of network orchestration and choreography in a humanitarian context. Originality/value: The areas of orchestration and choreography have received limited consideration within the humanitarian aid logistics literature to date. This paper is designed to redress this shortfall. As a result, it is hoped that it will act as a catalyst for further research and to widen and deepen the resultant debate with a view to improving the outcome for those affected by current and future disasters.
  • Vega, Diego (2019-10-31)
    Project networks link specialists from different fields and organizations to work jointly on a shared activity for a limited period. In this structure, the central actor - the project owner - plays a key role acting as host, sponsor or parent of the project network. But, how do owners fulfil their role?We argue that the role of the project owner is to continuously reconfigure the relationships among the networks to quickly develop temporary organizations that respond to emerging needs. Using a humanitarian organization, we consider the important activity of the project owner as dynamic assembling. This capability relies on the owner's capacity to conceive, combine, coordinate and control the network. By adopting a dynamic view of the project, businesses could increase their capability to rapidly respond to trends. Playing a central role on multiple project network contributes to the owner's capability to dynamically combine resources and increase its innovation capacity.
  • Ekwall, Daniel; Torstensson, Håkan (Turku School of Economics, 2019)
    The transport of dangerous goods incorporates hazards, which may seriously affect people, property and the environment in various adverse ways. In a previous HAZARD project report, transport stresses were addressed, in particular concerning their impact on dangerous goods transport and the risk of subsequent accidents. The report referred to essential results from the vast research and regulatory work,which was carried out by the end of the 20th century in order to provide guidance for designing and testing packagings and packages for the transport. There is now a need to scrutinise those results with regard to possible changes over time. The present report therefore addresses some of the issues again, now based on a questionnaire to stakeholders, aiming to identify whether conditions are sufficiently stable to validate the results of the first report. The results presented here are based on a questionnaire to stakeholders which, with reservation for its very limited response, essentially confirms that the previous findings are still valid. As always, organisational issues and human error are the primary causes of adverse events, but may still not be adequately addressed in activities for prevention of cargo loss and damage. Education, instructions, training and, where necessary, supervision are therefore of crucial importance. In addition, ensuring that equipment and technology are in order and not malfunctioning, is essential. Appropriate quality routines, inspections and testing should be in focus. While previous research thus to a large extent is still applicable, there is always a need for refinement. At the organisational level as well as in associated research, relevant risk analyses should be carried out. As noted in the previous report, a first step for future research in this area should be a simple risk assessment for the most common causes of cargo damage (shock and impact, vibration, stacking overload, torn packaging, moisture, mould, wet packaging, overheating, freezing, over pressure, leakage and fire) but also in relation toot her reasons for cargo losssuch as thef tor jettison.The present report contributes to the understanding of whether the trends regarding cargo damage and loss are changing or remain stable over time, which helps to assess the relevance of available data and the need for further investigations.Nothing in this report contradicts or falsifies the findings summarised in the previous report, which in a way, however limited, can be considered validated.
  • Vega, Diego; Roussat, Christine (2019-11-11)
    Purpose: Service development and outsourcing are growing trends in humanitarian logistics (HL). Humanitarian organizations (HOs) have developed specialized units to perform logistics activities on behalf of other aid organizations, as a commercial logistics service provider (LSP) would do. The purpose of this paper is to explore the characteristics of HOs acting as LSPs and the differences with their commercial counterparts. Design/methodology/approach: This research uses a two-level content analysis of 149 annual reports from 50 local and international HOs, performed with the help of qualitative data analysis software. First, a manifest content analysis identified the number of occurrences of logistics-related words and later, a latent content analysis studies the use in context of such words to characterize the nature of HOs as LSPs. Findings: Evidence shows that some international HOs – in some cases through specialized logistics units – perform the same activities as commercial LSPs, providing similar services. However, due to the characteristics of the humanitarian context, HOs acting as LSPs can offer a wider range of value-added and dedicated services to clients (other HOs) than commercial LSPs. Research limitations/implications: Exploring the activities performed by HOs on behalf of other aid organizations and characterizing them as service providers constitutes a first attempt to grasp the unique features of these particular humanitarian LSPs. The results open the discussion about the services HOs offer, thus contributing to theory development in HL. Practical implications: The identification of HOs acting as LSPs introduces a new actor to the humanitarian network, which the authors refer to as humanitarian service provider (HSP). This supposes two main managerial implications. First, the results support the idea of seeing servitization as a competitive difference, having a substantial impact on the way HOs build their strategies and achieve competitive advantage. Second, HSPs can push their commercial equivalents to identify new activities or services to offer and maintain their competitive advantage with regard to the newcomers. Originality/value: This paper furthers the discussion on the concept of HSPs and demonstrates its uniqueness, thus contributing to the ever-growing body of knowledge of HL research.
  • Larson, Paul D.; Larson, Natalie M. (2019-11-28)
    The United Nations (UN) Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimates that more than 820 million people suffer from chronic undernourishment, and it identifies poverty as the principal cause of hunger. According to the World Bank, 767 million people live on less than $1.90 per day, i.e. below the international poverty line. Other causes of hunger include conflict, political instability, food and agricultural policies and climate change. To these causes, this paper adds gender inequality. The study uses regression analysis of secondary data to test the impact of gender inequality, income and environmental performance on the hunger of nations. Statistical results confirm interrelationships among several of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Policy implications include a call to identify and address root causes of hunger and to adopt a long-term focus.
  • Aminoff, Anna; Kovacs, Gyöngyi (2019-10-10)
  • Kovacs, Gyöngyi; Moshtari, Mohammad; Kachali, Hlekiwe; Polsa, Pia (2019-12-10)
  • Fougère, Martin; Solitander, Nikodemus (2019-12-23)
    Multi-stakeholder initiatives involve actors from several spheres of society (market, civil society and state) in collaborative arrangements to reach objectives typically related to sustainable development. In political CSR literature, these arrangements have been framed as improvements to transnational governance and as being somehow democratic. We draw on Mouffe’s works on agonistic pluralism to problematize the notion that consensus-led multi-stakeholder initiatives bring more democratic control on corporate power. We examine two initiatives which address two very different issue areas: the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) and the Bangladesh Accord on Fire and Building Safety (The Accord). We map the different kinds of adversarial relations involved in connection with the issues meant to be governed by the two initiatives, and find those adversarial relations to take six main shapes, affecting the initiatives in different ways: (1) competing regulatory initiatives; (2) pressure-response relations within multi-stakeholder initiatives; (3) pressure-response relations between NGOs and states through multi-stakeholder initiatives; (4) collaboration and competition between multi-stakeholder initiatives and states; (5) pressure-response relations between civil society actors and multi-stakeholder initiatives; and (6) counter-hegemonic movements against multi-stakeholder initiatives as hegemonic projects. We conclude that multi-stakeholder initiatives cannot be democratic by themselves, and we argue that business and society researchers should not look at democracy or politics only internally to these initiatives, but rather study how issue areas are regulated through interactions between a variety of actors—both within and without the multi-stakeholder initiatives—who get to have a legitimate voice in this regulation.
  • Fougère, Martin; Solitander, Nikodemus; Maheshwari, Sanchi (2019-11-28)
    Through its focus on deep and experiential learning, service-learning (SL) has become increasingly popular within the business school curriculum. While a reciprocal dimension has been foundational to SL, the reciprocality that is emphasized in business ethics literature is often on the relationship between the service experience and the academic content, rather than reciprocal learning of the service providers (students) and the recipients (organizations and their managers), let alone other stakeholders. Drawing on the notion of enriched reciprocal learning and on Aristotle’s typology of modes of knowing, we (1) revisit reciprocal learning by illustrating what kinds of learning occur for server and served in four SL projects from a project course in CSR, and (2) emphasize the role of boundary spanners from the project organizations in making this reciprocal learning happen and translating the various types of student learning in ways that are useful for their organizations. We find that when boundary spanners are particularly engaged at making the projects impactful, they contribute to making the learning experiences of students, managers (including themselves) and sometimes other stakeholders useful, multidimensional, and ultimately rewarding.
  • Piotrowicz, Wojciech; Kedziora, Damian (2018-12)
    The aimof the paper is to summarise the literature focusedonInformation Technology and Business ProcessOutsourcing in Poland and to contribute to understanding ofmotivations and environmental factors driving service relocations to Central and Eastern Europe. This exploratory study is based on academic literature and two data sources: government and industry reports, as well as small-scale exploratory survey. The findings confirm the cost reduction to be the main driver, followed by the willingness to improve processes and business performance. The substantial advantage of Poland is human resources – the availability of highly skilled, well-educated workforce at relatively low cost. Even though the salaries are often higher than in Asia, it is compensated by the number of graduates and knowledge of foreign languages.Membership of the EuropeanUnion and political stability also plays an important role. This exploratory study, aside of relocation trends overview, enabled the views among service providers to be captured and compared with the commercial and governmental reports.
  • Kedziora, Damian; Piotrowicz, Wojciech; Kolasinska-Morawska, Katarzyna (2018-11-13)
    The rapid growth of modern services industry in Poland, observed in the past few years, has been substantially determined by the vast talent pool of well-qualified and cost-efficient workers. The intensive expansion of the industry has been aligned with widely implemented policies of personal development and leadership, aimed to grow and prepare internal human resources for more challenging roles in newly established projects and teams. The paper presents the results of empirical research examining the perception of those schemes and policies, from the perspective of workers employed in the polish offshore service delivery centers.
  • Halldorsson, Arni; Altuntas Vural, Ceren; Wehner, Jessica (2019-06-13)
    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the sustainability of waste supply chains regarding the energy efficiency of first-mile waste collection systems and quality of waste. Roles of actors in the waste service triad are considered, particularly focusing on households. Design/methodology/approach Primary data are collected from respondents including municipality officers, waste service providers (WSPs) and households through brainstorming sessions, semi-structured interviews, site visits and a focus group. Secondary data are collected from official reports for validation. Findings Findings reveal tension between the energy efficiency of waste collection logistics and the quality of waste collected. Households are co-producers of logistic services providing important inputs in the form of sorting and moving waste and raw materials into new cycles of goods circulating in logistics systems. Other actors in the logistics service triad are the municipality as regulator and the WSP acting as a reverse-logistics service provider. Practical implications This study provides principles for policymakers and practitioners to evaluate the energy efficiency of waste management options, considering the quality of waste. Also, “logistics services” and “quality of waste” as concepts might provoke new thoughts on how to involve the consumer in resource recovery. Originality/value Few studies have focused on the end-consumer’s role in waste supply chains. By considering waste as a resource and the consumer as the supplier of this input, this study provides a new way to think about logistics services for waste collection.
  • Stephens, Charles; Grant, David; Banomyong, Ruth; Lalwani, Chandra (2016-11-01)
    Few studies have been carried out to determine consumer characteristics for food distribution in new and/ or emerging markets and how they might influence logistics and supply chain solutions. This paper reports on a study investigating physical and demographic characteristics for food purchase and storage in the Southeast Asia countries of Malaysia, Thailand, and Vietnam. The study was undertaken at the consumer end with an exploratory e-mail survey about consumer food shopping preferences and storage and yielded a total of 200 responses. The findings support the literature regarding supermarket diffusion into the Asian retail space and price and quality were important purchase decision factors. However, wet markets continue to be important and food hygiene and safety appear to becoming more important. The study should provide guidance for Western food retailers, suppliers and 3PL service providers considering entry into these markets or already operating in them.
  • Menachof, David; Grant, David (2016-11-01)
    Firms are looking for innovative solutions to become greener regarding their end-to-end supply chain emissions without incurring additional costs. This paper discusses one such solution through a simple concept of ‘nearporting’, which is the explicit decision to use the nearest port of loading/ discharging of cargo to reduce the overall amount of CO2 and other emissions. This paper’s empirical study has modelled data supplied by a major UK third-party logistics service providers comparing actual shipments to what could be achieved if a nearporting strategy was used. Actual shipment data using origin and destination postcodes were analysed to calculate the reduction in road freight mileage and related reduction in CO2 emissions against additional nautical miles travelled which may temper some of the savings, but overall it was found that substantial savings would be achieved.
  • Heaslip, Graham; Stuns, Karl-Kristian (2019-08-08)
    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the effectiveness of humanitarian logistics training for the Finnish Red Cross (FRC) Emergency Response Unit (ERU) delegates, and the factors that influence its success. The managerial purpose of this research is to support the FRC in improving their Logistics ERU Foundation training. Additionally, this research provides humanitarian organisations, engaged in emergency response efforts, insights for logistics training design. Design/methodology/approach This is a case study examining the FRC, with qualitative data being collected in a field study, utilising participant observation and in-context interview techniques for rich data collection. Findings This research evaluated the effectiveness of the Logistics ERU Foundation training of the FRC by adapting the four-level training evaluation model by Kirkpatrick and transfer of training theories. The research has contributed to Gralla et al.’s (2015) call for further research in evaluating what people learn from humanitarian logistics trainings and in documenting and sharing experiences with specific training programs. Practical implications The conceptual framework serves as a basis for exploratory qualitative investigation of training transfer, from the perspectives of trainees, facilitators and human resource personnel. Originality/value This research contributes to the humanitarian community by identifying gaps in Red Cross Logistics ERU training and to the development of curricula content relating to Red Cross logistics response phase operations. Additionally, this gives other humanitarian organisations, operating in the response phase of natural disasters, insights for logistics training design.

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