Publications syncronized from Haris


Recent Submissions

  • Sundgren, Caroline Emilia (2020-11-03)
    Purpose: New actors have emerged in the food supply chain in response to the increased awareness of food waste and the need to distribute surplus food. The purpose of this study is to analyse the different supply chain structures that have emerged to make surplus food available to consumers. Design/methodology/approach: This study adopts a qualitative multiple-case study of three new surplus food actors: a surplus food platform, an online retailer and a surplus food terminal. Data sources included interviews, documentary evidence and participatory observations. Findings: Three different types of actor constellations in surplus food distribution have been identified: a triad, a tetrad and a chain. Both centralised (for ambient products) and decentralised supply chain structures (for chilled products) have emerged. The analysis identified weak links amongst new actors and surplus food suppliers. The new actors have adopted the roles of connector, service provider and logistics service provider and the sub-roles of mediator, auditor and consultant. Originality/value: This paper contributes to research on closed-loop or circular supply chains for the reuse of products in the context of surplus food distribution.
  • Eloranta, Rita (2020-06-01)
    En el presente artículo1 se describen las estrategias de codificación de la pose-sión nominal en la extinta lengua mochica según la descripción gramatical preparada por Fernando de la Carrera (1644). Algunas lenguas presentan construcciones posesivas que tratan ciertos grupos de nombres de manera particular, fenómeno conocido como ‘escisión posesiva’.2 La lengua mochica exhibe una distinción especial de inalienabilidad3 identificable no como un estricto sistema bipartito, sino más bien como un continuum formal que se corresponde icónicamente con la distancia relacional (conceptual) entre el poseedor y el objeto poseído. Así, en un extremo del continuo se ubica la construcción posesiva más arcaica del sistema, es decir, la correspondiente a posesión inalienable, mientras en el otro se ubican las construcciones de posesión alienable, es decir, las más innovadoras. In this article, I analyze the strategies of coding nominal possession in Mochica, as described by Carrera (1644). Some languages present possessive systems that treat certain groups of nouns in different manners, this phenomenon being known as ‘possessive split’. Mochica exhibits a special inalienability split that cannot be identified as a strict bipartite system, but rather as a formal continuum which corresponds iconically to the relational distance (conceptual) between the possessor and the possessed. This way, on one end of the continuum we have the most archaic possessive construction, which corresponds to inalienable possession, while the most innovative possessive constructions, which correspond to alienable possession, are located on the other end.
  • Björk, Bo-Christer; Korkeamäki, Timo (2020-11-06)
    Scientific journal publishers have over the past twenty-five years rapidly converted to predominantly electronic dissemination, but the reader-pays business model continues to dominate the market. Open Access (OA) publishing, where the articles are freely readable on the net, has slowly increased its market share to near 20%, but has failed to fulfill the visions of rapid proliferation predicted by many early proponents. The growth of OA has also been very uneven across fields of science. We report market shares of open access in eighteen Scopus-indexed disciplines ranging from 27% (agriculture) to 7% (business). The differences become far more pronounced for journals published in the four countries, which dominate commercial scholarly publishing (US, UK, Germany and the Netherlands). We present contrasting developments within six academic disciplines. Availability of funding to pay publication charges, pressure from research funding agencies, and the diversity of discipline-specific research communication cultures arise as potential explanations for the observed differences.
  • Barron, Kai; Nurminen, Tuomas (2020-04-29)
    This paper experimentally studies two simple interventions that an authority figure might employ to promote cooperation in a public goods game when accurate feedback about contributions is not available. The first intervention aims to nudge participants to higher contribution levels by labeling contributions above a particular threshold as being “good”. Such a “norm-nudge” is intended to provide subjects with a clear, valenced focal point upon which they can coordinate. The second intervention aims to exploit lying aversion to induce higher contributions by requiring subjects to announce how much they contributed. We find that the nudge leads to a striking increase in the cooperation rate. By contrast, the ex post announcement mechanism does not have a significant effect on the cooperation rate. We present suggestive evidence that the nudge we use provides subjects with a focal point, helping conditional cooperators to coordinate their contributions.
  • Fraga Martins Maio, Paulo; Xu, Danielle (2020-12)
    We examine the predictive ability of the aggregate earnings yield for both market returns and earnings growth by estimating variance decompositions at multiple horizons. Based on weighted long-horizon regressions, we find that most of the variation in the earnings yield is due to return predictability, with earnings growth predictability assuming a minor role. However, by using implied estimates from a first-order restricted VAR, we find an opposite predictability mix. The inconsistency in results stems from a misspecification of the restricted VAR. Using an unrestricted first-order VAR estimated by OLS, or alternatively, estimating the restricted VAR by the Projection Minimum Distance method, produces long-run variance decompositions that are substantially more similar to the decomposition obtained under the direct method. Hence, earnings yield is not fundamentally different from the dividend yield. These results suggest that the practice of analyzing long-run return and cash-flow predictability from a restricted VAR can be quite misleading.
  • Helkkula, Anu; Buoye, Alexander John; Choi, Hyeyoon; Lee, Min Kyung; Liu, Stephanie Q.; Keiningham, Timothy Lee (2020-07-21)
    Purpose: The purpose of this investigation is to gain insight into parents' perceptions of benefits vs burdens (value) of educational and healthcare service received for their child with ASD. Parents are the main integrators of long-term educational and healthcare service for their child with ASD. Design/methodology/approach: Design/methodology/approach included (1) a sentiment analysis of discussion forum posts from an autism message board using a rule-based sentiment analysis tool that is specifically attuned to sentiments expressed in social media and (2) a qualitative content analysis of one-on-one interviews with parents of children diagnosed with ASD, complemented with interviews with experienced educators and clinicians. Findings: Findings reveal the link between customized service integration and long-term benefits. Both parents and service providers emphasize the need to integrate healthcare and educational service to create holistic long-term care for a child with ASD. Parents highlight the benefits of varied services, but availability or cost are burdens if the service is not publicly provided, or covered by insurance. Service providers' lack of experience with ASD and people's ignorance of the challenges of ASD are burdens. Practical implications: Ensuring health outcomes for a child with ASD requires an integrated service system and long-term, customer-centric service process because the scope of service covers the child's entire childhood. Customized educational and healthcare service must be allocated and budgeted early in order to reach the goal of a satisfactory service output for each child. Originality/value: This is the first service research to focus on parents' challenges with obtaining services for their child with ASD. This paper provides service researchers and managers insight into parents' perceptions of educational and healthcare service value (i.e. benefits vs. burdens) received for their child with ASD. These insights into customer-centric perceptions of value may be useful to research and may help service providers to innovate and provide integrated service directly to parents, or indirectly to service providers, who serve children with ASD.
  • Galkina, Tamara; Yang, Man (2020-08-24)
    We explore the internationalization of Slush, an entrepreneurship-promoting NGO from Finland that expanded to Japan, China, and Singapore. We incorporate the social movement theory that allows revealing special mechanisms of NGOs’ internationalization. We show, first, that international opportunity development of internationalizing NGOs is triggered by the shared dissatisfaction with societal conditions. Second, their collective resource mobilization enables networks and learning in foreign markets. Third, internationalizing NGOs overcome internationalization liabilities through building their social identities. We also offer a model of NGO internationalization that incorporates the social movement theory. Overall, our study broadens internationalization research by bringing a non-business theory into it.
  • Pekkanen, Tiia Lotta; Penttilä, Visa (2020-08-11)
    Purpose: The study examines the responsibilisation of an ethnocentric consumer in commercial, meta-organisational discourses. In addition to nationalistic and patriotic discourses, the focus is on wider conceptualisations of consumer responsibility. Design/methodology/approach: The paper uses critical discourse analysis as a methodological approach to conduct an empirical case study on the texts of two producer-driven labelling campaigns. Findings: The campaign texts create possibilities for ethnocentric consumption with positioning, argumentative and classificatory discourses. Patriotic responsibilisation is emphasised, together with rationales to take action on environmental concerns. Practical implications: The study highlights the responsibility of marketers over their corporate responsibility communication, suggesting that ethnocentric promotions may have the power to alter how consumers take action on various responsibility concerns. Social implications: The study surfaces the tensions that responsible consumption can entail for consumers. Indeed, nationalistic and patriotic discourses may alter our understanding of responsibility issues that may seem completely separate from the concepts of nationalism and patriotism. Originality/value: The paper shows how different organisational texts are deployed to bring about the idea of ethnocentric consumption and how this relates to responsibility discourses, nationalism and patriotism.
  • Ojala, Hannu; Kinnunen, Juha; Niemi, Lasse; Troberg, Pontus; Collis, Jill (2020-10-08)
    This study examines the effect of tax aggressiveness and voluntary audit of financial statements on the likelihood of tax adjustments in small private companies. We provide evidence that (a) tax aggressiveness increases the likelihood of the tax authority not accepting taxable income as reported, whereas (b) voluntary audit decreases it. To derive our hypotheses, we built a theoretical stochastic model explaining tax authority’s reactions to bias and noise in tax returns and how these two relate to tax aggressiveness and voluntary audit. In our empirical tests of the hypotheses, we used a large proprietary data set comprising internal records of the Finnish Tax Administration for the fiscal year 2010 combined with data on the taxable income reported by approximately 19,500 small, private companies. Our results show that while the findings on tax aggressiveness are significant when measured with the book-tax difference using proprietary tax return data from the Tax Administration, they are insignificant when based on the conventional tax aggressiveness measure of book-tax difference derived from publicly available financial statement data. Our paper contributes to the literature by being the first to document the effects of tax aggressiveness and voluntary audit on tax return adjustments of small private companies.
  • Heinonen, Kristina; Strandvik, Tore (2020-09-15)
    Purpose: The empirical study draws on a crowdsourced database of 221 innovations associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. Design/methodology/approach: Aside from the health and humanitarian crisis, the COVID-19 pandemic has caused an acute economic downturn in most sectors, forcing public and private organizations to rethink and reconfigure service provision. The paper introduces the concept of imposed service innovation as a new strategic lens to augment the extant view of service innovation as a primarily discretionary activity. Findings: The identified imposed service innovations were assigned to 11 categories and examined in terms of their strategic horizon and strategic stretch. The innovations are characterized by spatial flexibility, social and health outreach and exploitation of technology. Research limitations/implications: As a new area of service innovation research, imposed service innovations highlight strategic issues that include the primacy of customers and the fragility of institutions. Practical implications: Situations involving imposed service innovation represent opportunities for rapid business development when recognized as such. A severe disruption such as a pandemic can catalyze managerial rethinking as organizations are forced to look beyond their existing business strategies. Social implications: As a strategic response to severe disruption of institutions, markets and service offerings, imposed service innovations afford opportunities to implement transformation and enhance well-being. This novel strategic lens foregrounds a societal account of service innovation, emphasizing societal relevance and context beyond the challenges of business viability alone. Originality/value: While extant service innovation research has commonly focused on discretionary activities that enable differentiation and growth, imposed service innovations represent actions for resilience and renewal.
  • Beletskiy, Anton; Fey, Carl (2020-10-08)
    This article examines the relationship between the capabilities of HR departments and the level of adoption of corporate HRM practices in MNC subsidiaries. To explain this relationship, we leverage paradox theorizing, still rare but gaining increas- ing attention in HRM research, and integrate the studies of practice transfer, organi- zational ambidexterity, and absorptive capacity. First, we establish the conceptual linkages between the implementation and internalization dimensions of practice adoption and the potential and realized absorptive capacities of HR departments. Second, we re-define the operational and strategic activities of HR departments in terms of the learning paradox of exploitation and exploration. Third, we introduce the concept of HR ambidexterity to describe HR departments that possess high levels of capabilities in both operational (exploitative) and strategic (explorative) task- domains. Finally, we hypothesize that ambidextrous HR departments are more adept at adopting corporate HRM practices. An analysis of the survey data from 105 foreign subsidiaries of 12 MNCs supports this single hypothesis. The main contribution of this research is in leveraging paradox theorizing to explain the nature of HRM capabilities and their role in the adoption of HRM practices.
  • Vesa, Mikko; Tienari, Janne (2020-10-22)
    In this Connexions essay, we focus on intelligent agent programs that are cutting-edge solutions of contemporary artificial intelligence (AI). We explore how these programs become objects of desire that contain a radical promise to change organizing and organizations. We make sense of this condition and its implications through the idea of “rationalized unaccountability” that is an ideological state in which power and control are exerted algorithmically. While populist uses of new technologies receive growing attention in critical organization and management studies, we argue that rationalized unaccountability is the hidden end of a spectrum of populism affecting societies across the world. Rather than populism of the masses, this is a populism of elites. This essay lays out some premises for critical scholars to expose the workings of intelligent agent programs and to call into question the problematic ideological assumptions that they are grounded in.
  • Oglend, Atle; Soini, Vesa-Heikki (2020-10-15)
    This paper investigates production license management when regulation constrains the number of production licenses to address production externalities. This is increasingly relevant for aquaculture production where disease issues threaten future seafood supply. The regulatory problem is analyzed in the context of Norwegian salmon aquaculture where a stop in issuance of new production licenses has been implemented to address social costs of parasitic sea lice. Our theoretical model shows that restricting number of licenses raises prices and shifts production efforts excessively towards greater stocking of fish per license. Hence, the policy cannot achieve a first-best welfare-maximizing allocation. Furthermore, restricting entry by limiting number of licenses can create regulatory rents, which effectively subsides rather than tax the source of the externality.
  • Niemistö, Charlotta; Hearn, Jeff; Karjalainen, Mira; Tuori, Annamari (2020-07-14)
    Purpose Privilege is often silent, invisible and not made explicit, and silence is a key question for theorizing on organizations. This paper examines interrelations between privilege and silence for relatively privileged professionals in high-intensity knowledge businesses (KIBs). Design/methodology/approach This paper draws on 112 interviews in two rounds of interviews using the collaborative interactive action research method. The analysis focuses on processes of recruitment, careers and negotiation of boundaries between work and nonwork in these KIBs. The authors study how relative privilege within social inequalities connects with silences in multiple ways, and how the invisibility of privilege operates at different levels: individual identities and interpersonal actions of privilege (micro), as organizational level phenomena (meso) or as societally constructed (macro). Findings At each level, privilege is reproduced in part through silence. The authors also examine how processes connecting silence, privilege and social inequalities operate differently in relation to both disadvantage and the disadvantaged, and privilege and the privileged. Originality/value This study is relevant for organization studies, especially in the kinds of “multi-privileged” contexts where inequalities, disadvantages and subordination may remain hidden and silenced, and, thus, are continuously reproduced.
  • Eloranta, Rita (2019-07-01)
    In this article, I examine some previously proposed etymologies of words of Mochica origin. In addition, I discuss certain hispanicisms that would be better understood when seen as stemming from Mochica. To this end, I also discuss diverse grammatical aspects of the extinct Mochica language: nominal possession, numeral classification, spatial relation markers, nominalization and future paradigms. The reflections I offer here are based on José Antonio Salas’s (2012) book entitled Etimologías mochicas.
  • Blomkvist, Magnus; Felixson, Karl; Löflund, Anders (2019-03-16)
    The relationship between acquirer capital structure and the payment choice in acquisitions is well documented. However, the target firm's capital structure has been overlooked. We find that acquisitions of underleveraged targets are more likely to be financed by cash than by equity. A 1% increase of the target firm's deviation from normal leverage decreases the proportion of cash used by 0.76%. We conclude that target firm capital structure is important for the choice of payment.
  • Antretter, Torben; Blohm, Ivo; Grichnik, Dietmar; Wincent, Joakim (2019-06-01)
    Research indicates that interactions on social media can reveal remarkably valid predictions about future events. In this study, we show that online legitimacy as a measure of social appreciation based on Twitter content can be used to accurately predict new venture survival. Specifically, we analyze more than 187,000 tweets from 253 new ventures’ Twitter accounts using context-specific machine learning approaches. Our findings suggest that we can correctly discriminate failed ventures from surviving ventures in up to 76% of cases. With this study, we contribute to the ongoing discussion on the importance of building legitimacy online and provide an account of how to use machine learning methodologies in entrepreneurship research.
  • Sarlin, Peter; Giudici, Paolo; Spelta, Alessandro; Björk, Kaj-Mikael (2018-01-03)
    Systemic risk has remained at the nexus of macro-financial research and policymaking in most parts of the world. Much of the attention has focused on understanding implication of the interconnectedness of financial markets. Instead of focusing only on networks, we use and test the utility of network structures in a novel way. We use RiskRank as a framework to test the use of networks of financial systems, and particularly focus on testing the utility of the network dimension of common exposures (funding composition and portfolio overlap). RiskRank provides an ideal playground for testing the extent to which direct and common exposures perform in capturing transmission of financial crises. The results in this paper highlight the importance of common exposures. We show that funding and portfolio composition overlap are significant channels of contagion and should be accounted for when measuring systemic risk.
  • Tanner, Johanna; Lassus, Jannika (Suomen soveltavan kielitieteen yhdistys ry, 2018)
    This article deals with the workplace communication of Swedish-speaking Finns, the largest linguistic minority of Finland. The article is based on a survey and focuses on the communication in the private sector. The three main questions here are: How often and in what kind of communication situations are the national languages and English used at work? How do the Swedish-speaking Finns themselves evaluate their Finnish skills in their working life? And, how do they view the language skills attained in their past education – are they transferable to the working life? The study shows that Swedish-speaking Finns working in the private sector need high skills of both national languages and English on a daily or weekly basis in different communication situations. It is also shown that there is a certain amount of criticism towards earlier language education concerning the education of the national languages.

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