Publications syncronized from Haris


Recent Submissions

  • Holmlund, Maria; Kowalkowski, Christian; Biggemann, Sergio (2016)
    Many businesses today recognize the increased significance of service and the transition toward service orientation. Nonetheless, organizational practitioners frequently encounter problems managing this shift and seizing service-related business opportunities. This practical relevance, together with many still-unanswered service research questions, has inspired the preparation of this special section that advances the extant literatures on business services. We finish by providing a research agenda. First, more research is needed on the buyer perspective. Second, researchers need to keep in mind financial issues related to business services. Third, more researchers could tap into management, leadership, and decision-making in business service companies. Finally, sustainability, social responsibility, and environmental considerations are important topics for further exploration.
  • Lundgren-Henriksson, Eva-Lena; Kock, Sören (2016-07-22)
    This study approaches coopetition as a strategic change and aims to bridge the gaps in micro level cognition and strategy by exploring how a coopetitive frame is constructed, as well as how individual level differences in this creation can be explained. The empirical case study findings contribute to existing coopetitive research by showing that individuals differ in their ability to create future accounts of engagement in strategic activities, as well as in modifying established frameworks of competition to fit an emerging coopetitive frame. Based on the case study findings, a model of sensemaking is presented, which indicates the influence of attitudes and expectations over time on the development of a coopetitive frame. Managers that were unable to update their expectations from the past accordingly struggled in their sensemaking, whereas the interpretative process was aided by optimism and high expectations of the future. A key contribution of the empirical study lies in the focus on sensemaking differences that sheds light on the complexities inherent in coopetitive strategizing.
  • Lundgren-Henriksson, Eva-Lena; Kock, Sören (2016-07-29)
    Coopetition in networks implies the existence of simultaneous cooperation and competition between the same actors. As a paradoxical relationship and strategy, coopetition is assumed to entail tensions for individuals. To date, few studies have approached processes at the individual level underlying coopetitive relational and strategy development. In this paper, we apply a sensemaking lens to coopetition in order to unravel how middle managers deal with implementing coopetition, in particular focusing on coping with emotional tensions, and the subsequent effects on strategy and relational development. Based on a case study of coopetition as a strategic change, we offer insights into how managers differently make sense of cooperation, i.e. create a network picture, which emerges in a strategic group. We contribute to network and coopetition research by presenting a framework for understanding changes in coopetitive dynamics as stemming from interrelated cognition, action, and outcomes, at top and middle managerial levels across intra- as well as inter-organizational levels.
  • Koskinen Sandberg, Paula Hannele (2016-10-10)
    This article analyses the intertwining inequalities in wage determination and the gender-neutral legitimacy that pay systems provide by masking these inequalities. Job evaluation and performance-related pay were originally designed for purposes other than promoting equal pay, namely as managerial tools for determining wage levels. Typically, the main objective of a pay system is not to promote equal pay. Still, as a tool for assessing the value of work, job evaluation is regarded as a central method in promoting equal pay. The use of job evaluation is recommended by the European Commission and the International Labour Organization, and often features in gender-equality policy and legislation. In contrast with the status of job evaluation, little research exists on performance-related pay and gender pay equity. The findings show that the wages determined by pay systems reflect gendered cultural valuations of jobs and occupations. Pay systems provide gender-neutral legitimacy for gender-based wage disparities.
  • Kowalkowski, Christian; Gebauer, Heiko; Oliva, Rogelio (2016-11-09)
    Service growth in product firms is one of the most active service research domains and is open to a variety of conceptualizations. This article provides a critical inquiry into the past, present, and future of the research domain. The evolution of the research on service growth is discussed in two phases: (1) setting the boundaries of the research domain, and (2) emergence of the conceptual foundation. We find that while research in this area has a well-established tradition in terms of output, theoretically it is still largely in a ‘nascent’ phase. Next, we highlight the contributions of the papers in this special section, emphasizing their challenges to prevailing assumptions in the research domain. We conclude by identifying, from the contributions to this special section, suggested themes for further research on service growth: the assessment of empirical evidence of the impact of service growth on firm performance, the role of merger & acquisitions in the service growth strategy, the exploration of single/multiple positions along the transition line, the process of adding or removing services, and expanding the context of service growth beyond product manufacturing firms.
  • Shy, Oz; Stenbacka, Rune (2017)
    The paper constructs an overlapping generations model to evaluate how different bank rescue plans affect banks’ risk-taking incentives. For a non-competitive banking industry, we find bailout with tax imposed on the old generation or equity bail-in to be efficient policies in the sense that they implement socially optimal risk-taking. In a competitive banking sector, no-bailout implements the socially-optimal risk-taking. Bailout policies financed by a tax imposed on the young generation always induce excessive risk-taking.
  • Einola, Suvi; Kohtamäki, Marko; Parida, Vinit; Wincent, Joakim (2017)
    To address the increasing relational challenges in international R&D collaboration, the present study develops a framework for understanding retrospective relational sensemaking in R&D offshore relationships. Using a comparative case study methodology, this study analyzes relational data from 56 interviews regarding four R&D offshore relationships between two large Swedish multinational companies and four R&D offshore partners. This study contributes to existing sensemaking theory by constructing a framework for retrospective relational sensemaking, including triggers and the phases of enactment, selection, and retention, to improve relational learning in R&D offshore relationships.
  • Jongsma, Daniël Joseph Wietse (2017)
    Many EU member states have a well-established approach with regard to the use of copyright protected works for the purpose of parody. As a consequence of the CJEU’s Deckmyn decision, in which the Court held that parody is an autonomous concept of EU law and defined that concept, their approach may need to change. This article looks at the criteria developed by various national courts to determine the lawfulness of parodies prior to Deckmyn and at the role these criteria can play after Deckmyn. It will be argued that even though the adaptation right is not explicitly harmonized by the InfoSoc Directive, a parody will in principle constitute a reproduction within the meaning of that directive. In addition, it is submitted that member states are not free to restrict the scope of the harmonized parody exception by imposing requirements not found in the InfoSoc Directive. Consequently, there is very little margin of discretion left for member states with regard to the legal treatment of parodies. Nevertheless, most of the ‘old’ criteria can still play a role when determining the fair balance of rights and interests that, according to the CJEU, needs to be maintained when applying the exception. When taking account of the essential characteristics of a parody, as defined by the CJEU, and the fair balance in an overall assessment, the parody exception can act as a flexible exception allowing a wide array of humorous and critical uses of copyright protected works.
  • Kienzler, Mario; Kowalkowski, Christian (2017)
    This article investigates the development and current state of pricing strategy research by undertaking a content analysis of 515 articles published in leading academic journals between 1995 and 2016. The results suggest several developments in research focus and methodology; recent research has focused more strongly on services and applies more rigorous research designs. The results also indicate a persistent focus on consumer markets and economic theories, as well as an increasing consideration of demand-side respondents, at the expense of supply-side respondents. An important feature of this review is a set of actionable takeaways, with both theoretical and methodological implications for pricing strategy research.
  • Vidgen, Richard; Shaw, Sarah; Grant, David B. (2017)
    The popularity of big data and business analytics has increased tremendously in the last decade and a key challenge for organizations is in understanding how to leverage them to create business value. However, while the literature acknowledges the importance of these topics little work has addressed them from the organization's point of view. This paper investigates the challenges faced by organizational managers seeking to become more data and information-driven in order to create value. Empirical research comprised a mixed methods approach using (1) a Delphi study with practitioners through various forums and (2) interviews with business analytics managers in three case organizations. The case studies reinforced the Delphi findings and highlighted several challenge focal areas: organizations need a clear data and analytics strategy, the right people to effect a data-driven cultural change, and to consider data and information ethics when using data for competitive advantage. Further, becoming data-driven is not merely a technical issue and demands that organizations firstly organize their business analytics departments to comprise business analysts, data scientists, and IT personnel, and secondly align that business analytics capability with their business strategy in order to tackle the analytics challenge in a systemic and joined-up way. As a result, this paper presents a business analytics ecosystem for organizations that contributes to the body of scholarly knowledge by identifying key business areas and functions to address to achieve this transformation.
  • Perks, Helen; Kowalkowski, Christian; Witell, Lars; Gustafsson, Anders (2017)
    The traditional firm and product-centric view of platforms is changing. Platforms are increasingly developed around value that is co-created with a network of actors. In such settings, lead firms shape their environments and develop value platforms through network orchestration. This study examines how lead firms mobilize network relationships to support and build novel value platforms. The research adopts a multiple case study methodology, investigating the development of six value platforms in network settings within Europe. A large-scale interview program over several years was conducted. The findings unravel practices constituting four overarching network orchestration mechanisms in the value platform development context; envisioning, inducing innovativeness, legitimizing, and adjusting. The study explains the relationships and interplay between the orchestration mechanisms and articulates theoretical and managerial contributions.
  • Shepherd, Dean A.; Parida, Vinit; Wincent, Joakim (2017)
  • McElroy, Tucker; Jach, Agnieszka (2017)
    We provide self-normalization for the sample autocorrelations of power GARCH(p,q) processes whose higher moments might be infinite. To validate the studentization, whose goal is to match the growth rate dependent on the index of regular variation of the process, we substantially extend existing weak-convergence results. Since asymptotic distributions are non-pivotal, we construct subsampling-based confidence intervals for the autocorrelations and cross-correlations, which are shown to have satisfactory empirical coverage rates in a simulation study. The methodology is further applied to daily returns of CAC40 and FTSA100 indices and their squares.
  • Lindvert, Marta; Patel, Pankaj C.; Wincent, Joakim (2017)
    A crucial aspect of successful venturing is social capital. In contrast to traditional Western-oriented research where social capital is construed positively, we found that in the traditional, patriarchal society of Pakistan, social capital puts high restrictions on women micro entrepreneurs – where social capital prevents or slows venturing efforts. Results also show that although women do get some selective access to resources from family members, they are restricted by limited access to social capital outside of family members. As women entrepreneurs have the potential to play an important role in the development of any society, and especially so in developing countries, based on the insights derived from this qualitative study, we propose suggestions for further research on women micro entrepreneurs in non-Western contexts.
  • Sundvik, Dennis (2017-01-03)
    This study explores the link between earnings management and jurisdictional differences in book-tax conformity. A dataset of national reforms lowering the corporate tax rate is used to estimate the effect of conformity on private firm’s earnings management behavior when a specific incentive to manage earnings downward exists. Total and discretionary accruals are used to measure earnings management and a continuous measure is used to assess the level of book-tax conformity. Results suggest that changes in the statutory tax rate affect firms in jurisdictions with high book-tax conformity more than firms in jurisdictions with less book-tax conformity. However, more overall earnings management is attributed to firms in low conformity jurisdictions. These findings contribute to the ongoing debate on the appropriate level of book-tax conformity.
  • Melero, Remedios; Laakso, Mikael; Navas-Fernández, Miguel (2017-01-13)
    Metrics on open access (OA) availability of content published in scholarly journals (i.e. content licences, copyright ownership, and publisher-stipulated self-archiving permissions) are still scarce. This study implements the four core variables of the recently published Open Access Spectrum (OAS) (reader rights, reuse rights, copyright, and author posting rights) to measure the level of openness in all 1,728 Spanish scholarly journals listed in the Spanish national DULCINEA database at the end of 2015. Data exported from the database and used as variables for the analysis were: journal research area, type of publisher, type of access, self-archiving and reuse policy, and type of Creative Commons (CC) licence used. Out of the total number of journals (1,728), 1,285 (74.5%) published their articles OA immediately after initial publication and thus received the maximum OAS score for reader rights; 37.5% of all journals used CC licences, and 79.5% allowed self-archiving in some form. In 72% of journals, authors retained or publishers granted broad rights, which included author reuse and authorization rights (for others to reuse), whilst 13.5% did not specify any terms for copyright transfer. Similar studies could be carried out on other countries as this would enable comparisons of the general adoption and form of openness in different parts of the world.
  • Aspara, Jaakko; Luo, Xueming; Dhar, Ravi (2017-03-14)
    Researchers and policy-makers are increasingly interested in the effects of pro-environmental tax incentives on consumer responses. However, it is unknown whether consumers’ responsiveness to pro-environmental taxes depends on cognitive ability. We report a natural experiment study, in which a pro-environmental tax was introduced in Finland, providing an economic benefit for cars with lower CO2 emissions. We examine 140,000 car acquisitions by male consumers, whose intelligence had been tested by Finnish Defense Forces. The results show that the CO2 emissions of cars acquired by consumers with higher intelligence dropped more after the introduction of the tax than the emissions of cars of consumers with lower intelligence. Specifically, intelligence had both a direct effect on responsiveness to the pro-environmental tax, and an indirect effect via income. The effect was more pronounced for numeric intelligence than verbal and spatial logic intelligence and of equal size as that of income and other demographics. This implies that intelligence is an empirically as well as theoretically relevant variable to study as a moderator to choices that are simultaneously pro-environmental and economical.
  • Brüggen, Elisabeth C.; Hogreve, Jens; Holmlund, Maria; Kabadayi, Sertan; Löfgren, Martin (2017-03-23)
  • Korkeamäki, Timo; Liljeblom, Eva; Pasternack, Daniel (2017-04-12)
    We study the effect of managerial power on CEOs’ tendency to imprint their personal leverage preferences upon the firms they manage. Using a unique data source that allows us to measure personal wealth and indebtness in great detail, we find a connection between CEOs’ personal leverage and that of their firms. The connection is driven by the CEOs with a longer tenure and the CEOs who serve in a dual role. The connection is significantly weaker for those CEOs who have a proportion of their personal wealth tied to the firm. Presence of block holders also weakens the connection.

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